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37 Cards in this Set

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APA
American Psychology Association
Confounding
a state that occurs when two or more variables are intertwined in such a way that conclusions about either one alone cannot be made
Control
any of a number of research procedures taht eliminate the possibility that unwanted variables cause the results
Control group
a comparison group in an experiment; often a group that did not recieve the treatment or interest
Correlational research
research experiement designed to understand the association between 2 variables
Dependent variable
variable that changes as a result of manipulating the independent variable
Describe
explain in detail what the subject of an experiment or problem is
Experimental method
a research design in which subjects are randomly assigned to conditions or treatments created by the researcher
Explain
what do the results of an experiment say about the research question
External validity
the generalizability of an experiment, how easily can this apply to other organizations and circumstances
Extraneous variables
undesirable variables that influence the relationship between the variables that an experimenter is examining
Field setting
a research setting in which behavior naturally occurs
Hawthorne effect
Study results that are produced by the subjects' knowledge that they are research participants
Human relations movement
concerned with understanding behavior and enhancing the well-being of employees in the workplace
Hypothesis
researcher's best guess at the outcome of an experiment
Independent variable
the variable in an experiment that is manupulated by the researcher
Industrial psychology
older branch of the field that tends to take a management perspective of organizational efficiency through the appropriate use of human resources or people
Industrial/organizational psychology
an applied branch of psychology that is concerned with understanding people in organizations
Informed consent
explaination to the test subject before he or she agrees to participate
Internal validity
how well an experiment is done, especially whether it avoids confounding (more than one possible independent variable [cause] acting at the same time)
Laboratory setting
a research setting in which the behavior of interest does not occur naturally.
Meta-analysis
a mathematical summary of the results of several samples or studies of the same phenomenon.
Operationalization
process of defining the measurement of a phenomenon that is not directly measurable
Organizational psychology
concerned with understanding behavior and enhancing the well-being of employees in the workplace
Predict
making a guess at the results of an experiement
Psychology
the study of the mind and behavior
Quasi-experiment
a research design that has some but not all of the features of a true experiment. For example there might not be random assignment of subjects to conditions
Random Assignment
placing subjects into treatment conditions in an experiment so that each subject has an equal change of being in each condition
Random sampling
choosing subjects for a study so that every possible subject has an equal change of participating
Reliability
the consistency of a measure; how well scores for the same subject are replicable across repeated measurements of the same variable
Research design
the structure of a research study
Scientific management
the application of scientific principles to managing people's job performance; developed by frederick winslow taylor
SIOP
division of the APA that is he worlds largest association of I/O psychologists.
Theory
an idea backed with studies and research
Time-and-motion studies
an analysis of task performance involving the observation and timing of subject motions. the purpose is to determine ways to eliminate or modify motions to make performance more efficient
Treatment group
the group in a comparitive study that recieves the manipulation of the independent variable
Validity
the interpretation given to the meaning of a measure