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22 Cards in this Set

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Electoral College
a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president
Elector

j

Executive order
a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law
Pardon
To release (a person) from punishment or disfavor for wrongdoing or a fault
Reprieve
cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death)
Amnesty
an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses
Foreign Policy
a government's strategy in dealing with other nations
National Security
the condition provided by: a military or defense advantage over any foreign nation or group of nations; a favorable foreign relations position; or a defense posture capable of successfully resisting hostile or destructive action from within or without, overt or covert.
Treaty
an official agreement that is made between two or more countries or groups
Executive Agreement
an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate
Ambassador
a person who acts as a representative or promoter of a specified activity
Trade Sanction
A trade penalty imposed by one nation onto one or more other nations. Sanctions can be unilateral, imposed by only one country on one other country, or multilateral, imposed by one or more countries on a number of different countries. Often allies will impose multilateral sanctions on their foes.
Embargo
an order of a government prohibiting the movement of merchant ships into or out of its ports
Cabinet
a council advising a president, sovereign, etc., especially the group of ministers or executives responsible for the government of a nation.
Federal Bureaucracy
excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, administrative bureaus or administrators.
Independent Agency
Independent agencies of the United States federal government are thoseagencies that exist outside of the federal executive departments (those headed by a Cabinet secretary).
Government Corporation
is a legal entity that undertakescommercial activities on behalf of an owner government
Political Appointee
According to the United States Office of Government Ethics, a political appointee is “any employee who is appointed by the President, the Vice President, or agency head”. In the United States, political appointees are subject to heavy ethical restrictions, more so than their elected counterparts
Civil Service Worker
the body of employees in any government agency apart from the military, which is a separate extension of any national government.
Civil Service System
the body of employees in any government agency apart from the military, which is a separate extension of any national government
Spoils System
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters.
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters.
Merit System
The merit system is the process of promoting and hiring government employees based on their ability to perform a job, rather than on their political connections. It is the opposite of the spoils system.
The merit system is the process of promoting and hiring government employees based on their ability to perform a job, rather than on their political connections. It is the opposite of the spoils system.