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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A storage medium is the ________ on which a computer keeps data, information, programs, and applications.
physical material
When storage devices read from storage media, they function as a source of ________ .
RAM holds data and instructions temporarily and, thus, is ________ .
Formatting is the process of dividing the disk into tracks and ________ so that the operating system can store and locate data and information on the disk.
A hard disk's storage locations consist of wedge-shaped sections, which break the tracks into small arcs called ________ .
A typical hard disk has multiple ________ stacked on top of one another.
The platters in the hard disk usually spin at a rate of ________ revolutions per minute (rpm).
5,400 to 15,000
The lack of moving parts makes ________ storage more durable and shock resistant than other types of media.
flash memory
With available form factors of 3.5 inches, 2.5 inches, and 1.8 inches, ________ are used in all types of computers.
SSDs (Solid-State Drives)
A(n) ________ is a removable flash memory device that you insert and remove from a slot in a computer, mobile device, or card reader/writer.
memory card
A(n) ________ is a device that reads from and writes on memory cards.
card reader/writer
An optical disc is a type of storage media that consists of a flat, round, portable disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is written and read by ________ .
a laser
Optical discs store items by using microscopic ________ and lands that are in the middle layer of the disc.
Manufacturers claim that a properly cared for high-quality optical disc will last five years but could last up to ________ years.
The ideal temperature range for optical disc storage is ________ degrees Fahrenheit.
A standard CD-ROM is called a ________ because manufacturers write all items on the disc at one time.
single-session disc
Because a CD-R can be written on only one time, the format of these discs sometimes is called ________ .
WORM (write once, read many)
A ________ is an erasable multisession disc users can write on multiple times.
________ is a high-capacity optical disc that users can read but not write on or erase.
With ________ transfers, data is sent one bit at a time.
In personal computer advertisements, vendors usually state the type of interface supported by the ________ .
A(n) ________ backup copies only the files that have changed since the last full backup.
________ is a server that is placed on a network with the sole purpose of providing storage to users, computers, and devices attached to the network.
NAS (Network Attached Storage)
A ________ is a high-speed network with the sole purpose of providing storage to other attached servers.
SAN (Storage Area Network)
________ is a magnetically coated ribbon of plastic that is capable of storing large amounts of data and information at a low cost.
Enterprises often use a tape ________ , where individual tape cartridges are mounted in a separate cabinet.
Tape storage requires ________ access, which refers to reading or writing data consecutively.
Direct access, also called ________ access, means that a device can locate a particular file without having to move consecutively through items stored in front of the desired file.
random access
________ smart cards communicate with a reader using a radio frequency, which means the user simply places the card near the reader.
________ is a technology that uses radio signals to communicate with a tag placed in or attached to an object, an animal, or a person.
RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)