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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Pharynx
– A passageway for both air and food.
(Hint: medical term for throat)
Trachea
– Medical term for windpipe
Larynx
– Medical term for vocal chords
Bronchi
– Two large tubes that lead to the lungs. Branches into smaller passageways called bronchioles.
Alveoli
– Tiny air sacs within the lungs that are at the end of bronchioles.
Diaphragm
– The dome–shaped muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity.
Plasma
– A straw–colored fluid. 90% water and 10% dissolved gases, salts, nutrients, enzymes, hormones, waste products, plasma proteins, cholesterol, and other important compounds.
Red Blood Cells
– Transports oxygen. Gets its color from the iron in hemoglobin.
Hemoglobin
– Protein that binds oxygen in the lungs and releases it in the capillaries.
White Blood Cells
– Guards against infection, fights parasites, and attacks bacteria.
Platelets
– Cell fragments involved in blood clotting.
Lymph
– A fluid that consists of blood components that have moved through the walls of capillaries.
Atherosclerosis
– A condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up in artery walls and eventually cause arteries to stiffen.
– Leading cause for heart disease.
intercostal muscles

muscles in the ribs that contract to allow them to move upwards and outwards increasing the size of the chest cavity --> causes inhalation

Pons and medulla oblongata

In the brain stem (CNS)


Breathing control center

HDL

Good cholesterol, a fat the body needs to be healthy

LDL

Bad cholesterol - a fat that in excessive amounts may become plaque in the arteries