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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ratification of the U.S. Constitution was opposed by
The U.S. Constitution failed to outlaw slavery because
the slave owning states
During the ratification campaign, Patrick Henry
fought with climatic speech against ratification
Until 1808, the national government was prohibited from
the importation of persons (slaves)
The U.S. Constitution contained no bill of rights because, among other things,
they felt it unnecessary
If James Madison were alive today and heard of demands to make the U.S. government more libertarian by decentralizing its power, he would probably
James Madison's main argument in favor of a federalist position, stated in Federalist 10 and 51, was in defense of
The Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution was intended to limit the power of
federal government
Because the Founders believed they were creating a government of limited powers, they felt it unnecessary to
creating a Bill of rights
Three-fifths of the slaves were counted for purposes of
leaving extra seats for states that had a lot of other persons.
Sentiment of the various state delegations to the Constitutional Convention toward slavery can best be described as
The issue of importation of slaves was addressed by the Constitutional Convention in what way?
It was prohibited until 1908
Equality was the goal of the
Russian and Chinese revolution
The principal goal of the American Revolution was
The phrase "a lawyer's brief justifying a revolution" has been used to describe the
The purpose of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to
revise the articles.
Under the U.S. Constitution, neither the new government nor constitutional amendments were permitted to outlaw the importation of slaves prior to
For purposes of determining state representation in the House of Representatives, ________ percent of slaves were counted.
The U.S. Constitution provided that slaves escaping to a free state were to
be returned to his or her master.
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the motives behind the support that different Framers gave to the U.S. Constitution?
They varied
After reviewing Beard's economic interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, political theorists have found
one could not explain the constitution in terms of economy , interest of who wrote it.
A number of the Framers of the U.S. Constitution held government IOUs. Why should ownership of government debt have influenced a Framer's support for the Constitution?
They stood to benefit from it
You own a large farm and several slaves, and hold no government IOUs. As a delegate to your state ratifying convention, you would be most likely to vote
no, on ratification
Compared to Federalists, Antifederalists tended to favor a
decentralized government
The text notes that, with regard to the U.S. Constitution, both urban dwellers and debtors tended to
favor the new constitution
With regard to the support given to the U.S. Constitution by creditors and debtors, the text notes that
they tended to favor because they benefited
With regard to support for the U.S. Constitution given by urban and rural dwellers, the text notes that
were less likely, to vote, to ratify the constitution.
A major argument in favor of reducing the separation of powers called for in the U.S. Constitution is that it would
preclude the kind of national leadership the country needs.
According to the text, the type of person least likely to be involved in debates on how to amend the U.S. Constitution is a(n)
Allowing the president to dissolve Congress and call special sessions would run contrary to the
Some critics of the separation of powers complain that, whereas the president is supposed to be in charge of the bureaucracy, in fact he has to share this authority with
congress and congressional committees
One way to reduce the separation of powers called for in the U.S. Constitution would be to
allow the president to dissolve congress and call special sessions.
another way to reduce the separation of powers called for in the Constitution would be to
allow the president to appoint members of congress to serve in the cabinet.
Which of the following proposals would not be typical of an opponent of the constitutional separation of powers?
Has some proposals of the constitution separations.
Most proposals to reduce the separation of powers in the U.S. government have as their implicit model the political system of
British Parliament
Most amendments to the U.S. Constitution have been ratified by the vote of
three fourths
The Twenty-seventh Amendment provides
protection of compensation for service of senators and representatives.
An individual who thinks that government does too much, not too little, would be likely to support a
less democratic system
Proposals for a limit on the taxes government can collect or for a balanced budget typically come from critics who believe that government
grows too big , taxes to heavily, too democratic, and spent to much
Presidents would be able to veto part of a bill while approving the rest if the U.S. Constitution permitted a
line- item veto
The line-item veto would allow a president to
veto part of a bill while approving the rest.
Shays's Rebellion, an early test of the powers of the Articles of Confederation, took place in
western Massachusetts
In an early test of the powers of the Articles of Confederation, the Continental Congress failed to deal with an uprising in western Massachusetts known as
Shays rebellion.
The Massachusetts constitution did all of the following except
raise money and man power
Some thirty delegates actually showed up at the Constitutional Convention, out of the ________ elected for that purpose.
Although fifty-five delegates were chosen to attend the Constitutional Convention, the number actually attending was approximately
Among those who were conspicuously absent from the Constitutional Convention were
Rhode Island ( refused to sent anyone )
The central issue in the framing of the U.S. Constitution was that of
Locke's notion of the "state of nature" might best be exemplified today by
If a new constitutional convention were called today, and the delegates proceeded to model their behavior quite precisely on that of delegates to the original Constitutional Convention, the first group to be outraged by the delegates' behavior would probably be
A "council of revision" for acts of the national legislature was proposed in the
Virginia Plan
The national legislature would have had the power to veto state laws under the
Virginia Plan
Under the Virginia Plan, acts of the national legislature could have been revised by
the council of revision
The Virginia Plan would have granted the national legislature the power to veto state laws
at least one house at legislature would be elected directly by people.
According to the Virginia Plan, proposed at the Constitutional Convention, all state laws would be
able to be vetoed by the national legislature.
The New Jersey Plan was a reaction by some states primarily to the fear that
the constitution would be written in which the states with the largest population would be in congress.
Which of the following was intended merely to adopt amendments to the Articles of Confederation?
The New Jersey plan
Each state would have had an equal number of votes in the legislature under the
the New Jersey plan
The intent of the New Jersey Plan was to ________ the old Articles of Confederation.
The New Jersey Plan would have allotted votes in Congress to states on the basis of
A majority of the thirteen states eligible to vote for the compromise plan submitted to the Constitutional Convention on July 5, 1787,
a house of representative and the senate
The Great Compromise finally allocated representation on the basis of
senate, later the house
The reconciliation of the interests of the large and small states at the Constitutional Convention is referred to as the
senate, later the house
Seats in Congress were allocated on the basis of both equality (Senate) and population (House) under the
great compromise
The net result of the Great Compromise was the
the plan that was adopted by the states
The importance of the Great Compromise adopted by the Constitutional Convention on July 16, 1789, was that it
that the legislature was set in senate and house of representative.
When the Great Compromise was put to a vote, it was
it was dawned cool and fresh
The final report of the Constitutional Convention was approved on September 17, 1787, by
the congress
On September 17, 1787, representatives of twelve states
the draft of the constitution
Among the many compromises worked out at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 after the adoption of the Great Compromise was that of the
Connecticut compromise
The goal of the Framers of the U.S. Constitution was to create a
a true national unlike any that had existed before.
The power of the peopleÄpopular majority ruleÄwas limited by the U.S. Constitution in several ways, including
state legislatures
In the U.S. Constitution, a limitation on democratization was imposed with the
great compromise
Relative to the notion of democratic government, the Supreme Court's power of judicial review
is also a way of limiting the power of popular majorities.
The concept of the separation of powers involves
because of the three branches of government share power, each can partially check the power of the others, would work, not in spite of the imperfection of human nature, but because of them
Separation of power and federalism were two key principles in the framing of the U.S. Constitution. These two principles are related in that each
would constitute a faction that would seek its own advantages each government would control each other while other controlled themselves.
The desire to allocate separately the functions of government was embodied in the
Virginia and New Jersey plan
Federalism in the U.S. Constitution meant
the division between national government and state.
Dividing power between the states and the national government is referred to as
To James Madison, an important source of national unity and a guarantee of liberty in society was
self interest
Ratification of the U.S. Constitution took place by
the framers
Generally, the Antifederalists felt that the government created by the U.S. Constitution was
not democratic
A person cannot be imprisoned without first being brought before a judge, who in turn finds sufficient cause for his or her detention. This protection is known as
the Habeis Corpus
One major difference between the American Revolution and the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Chinese Revolution ending in 1949 was that
they fought for equality as well as liberty
One of the basic liberties sought by the colonists through independence from Great Britain was
traditional liberties
In 1776 one important reason colonists regarded independence as a desirable alternative was that they
no longer had confidence in the English constitution.
If a revolutionary colonist were transported to the early 1970s to witness the unfolding of the Watergate scandal, he or she would probably
feel that English constitution was really an abuse on checks.
The liberties that the colonists fought to protect were based on
natural rights that were ordained by God, discoverable in nature and history, and essential to human.
The theory of natural law provided the basis for the colonists' justification of
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.
"Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" were
essential rights.
Jefferson's phrase, "the pursuit of happiness," stated in the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence, was more specifically interpreted by the colonists to mean the right to
The list of the essential rights demanded by the colonists included life, liberty, and
In the minds of the colonists, the essential rights they demanded from the BritishÄlife, liberty, and propertyÄderived principally from
natural rights, ordained by God.
What the colonists sought in proclaiming independence from Great Britain was political power embodied in
The U.S. Constitution was signed in the year
The year 1787 was when the
constitution was signed
In the year 1787, Florida was
claimed by Spain.
Public mood in the thirteen states between the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the U.S. Constitution can best be described as
turmoil, uncertainty and fear.
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government could
make peace, coin money and operate postal service.
The power to operate a postal service was given to the national government by the
Among the rights reserved by Congress following the signing of the Articles of Confederation in 1781 were all of the following except
occupied by Spain
If the United States were operating today under the Articles of Confederation, issues such as the effect of acid rain on the environment would be handled by
the states
The Federalist papers contain the results of studies of various forms of government assembled by
James Madison
If the United States were still operating under the Articles of Confederation, which of the following issues would have to be handled by the states?
The effect of acid rain on the environment.
James Madison examined historical data on republics, confederations, and aristocracies to learn about the formation of a government. His conclusions are found in
the federalist papers.
The Pennsylvania constitution was notable for
its democratic nature
A state constitution notable in the 1780s for its democratic nature was that of
the Pennsylvania constitution
Compared to the Pennsylvania state constitution of 1776, the constitution adopted by Massachusetts in 1780 was
a good deal less democratic
The effect of Shays's Rebellion on attendance by delegates at the planned Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to
test the articles of confederation.