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15 Cards in this Set

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Sulfasalazine



Drug Class: SULFONAMIDES: Single Action




Trade Name: Azulfidine




Uses: UTI, acute otitis media, Haemophilus influenzae, meningococcal meningitis




Adverse Reactions: Vomiting, headache, diar-rhea, chills, fever, anorexia, crystalluria, stomatitis, urticaria, pruritus, hematologic changes, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Nausea and urine to change to a orange color





trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole




(TMP & SMZ)



Drug Class: SULFONAMIDES: Urinary Anti-Infective Combinations




Trade Name: Bactrim, Septra




Uses: Acute bacterial UTI, acute otitis media, traveler’s diarrhea due to Escherichia coli




Adverse Reactions: Headache, GI disturbanc-es, allergic skin reactions, hematologic changes, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, anorexia, glossitis

Silver Sulfadiazine



Drug Class: Topical Sulfonamide Preperations




Trade Name: Silvadene




Uses: 2nd or 3rd degree burns




Adverse Reactions: Leukopenia, skin necrosis, skin discoloration, burning sensation

amoxicillin and clavulanate



Drug Class: Penicillin–b-Lactamase Inhibitor Combinations




Trade Name: Augmentin




Uses: Infections due to susceptible microorganisms; meningococcal meningitis, septicemia




Adverse Reactions: Glossitis, stomatitis, gastritis, furry tongue, nausea, vomiting, diar-rhea, rash, fever, pain at injection site, hematopoietic changes

Cephalexin




Drug Class: First-Generation Cephalosporins




Trade Name: Keflex




Uses: Infections due to susceptible microorganisms




Adverse Reactions: Nausea, vomiting, diar-rhea, superinfection, nephrotoxicity, headache, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, pseudomembranous colitis

Ceftriaxone



Drug Class: Third-Generation Cephalosporins




Trade Name: Rocephin




Uses: Infections due to susceptible microorganisms




Adverse Reactions:Nausea, vomiting, diar-rhea, nephrotoxicity, headache, hematologic reactions, gonorhea

ertapenam




Drug Class: Carbapenems




Trade Name: Invanz




Uses:Complicated intra-abdominal or urinary tract infections




Adverse Reactions:Headache, nausea, diarrhea, and liver dysfunction

vancomycin

Drug Class: Miscellaneous Drugs That Inhibit Bacterial Cell Wall Synthesis




Trade Name: Vancocin




Uses: Serious susceptible gram-positive infections not responding to treatment with other antibiotics




Adverse Reactions: Nausea; chills; fever; uticaria; sudden fall in blood pressure, with redness on face, neck, arms, and back; nephrotoxicity; ototoxicity




Dosage :500 mg–2 g/day orally in divided doses; 500 mg IV q 6 hr or 1 g IV q 12 hr

doxycycline

Drug Class: Tetracyclines




Trade Name: Vibramycin




Uses: Treatment of infections due to susceptible microorganisms




Adverse Reactions: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, photosensitivity reactions, pseudomembranous colitis, hematologic changes, discoloration of teeth in fetus and young children


Gentamicin


Drug Class: Aminoglycosides




Trade Name:




Uses: Treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of microorganisms




Adverse Reactions: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, superinfections, neuromuscular blockade


azithromycin

Drug Class: Macrolides




Trade Name: Zithromax, Zmax Z-Pac




Uses: Treatment of infections due to susceptible microorganisms




Adverse Reactions: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, pseudomembranous colitis

linezolid

Drug Class: Miscellaneous Drugs That Interfere With Protein Synthesis




Trade Name: Zyvox




Uses: Infections with VREF; pneumonia from Staphylococcus aureus and penicillin-suscepti-ble Streptococcus pneumoniae; skin and skin structure infections




Adverse Reactions: Nausea, diarrhea, headache, insomnia, pseudomembranous colitis


Ciprofloxacin


Drug Class: Fluoroquinolones




Trade Name: Cipro




Uses: Treatment of infections due to susceptible microorganisms




Adverse Reactions :Nausea, diarrhea, headache, abdominal discomfort, photosensitivity, superinfections


Moxifloxacin

Drug Class: Fluoroquinolones




Trade Name: Avelox




Uses: Treatment of infections due to susceptible microorganisms




Adverse Reactions :Nausea, diarrhea, headache, abdominal discomfort, photosensitivity, superinfections

Metronidazole

Drug Class: Miscellaneous Drugs That Inhibit RNA/DNA Synthesis




Trade Name: Flagyl




Uses: Treatment of anaerobic micro-organisms in bone, skin, central nervous system, internal body cavity, respiratory system




Adverse Reactions : Headache, nausea, periph-eral neuropathy, disulfiram-like interaction with alcohol