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47 Cards in this Set

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Catabolism

tear up; first


breaks nutrient molecules down into smaller molecules and releases energy in the process

Anabolism

builds things and consumes energy - making bigger things out of smaller things and using up energy in the process

Metabolism

use of nutrients

what does the liver do?

filters; mechanical digestion of lipids, secrets bile

when protein are released into the blood

blood proteins/plasma proteins

prothrombin and fibrinogen

plasma proteins formed by the liver cells



albumin

formed by the liver, helps maintain normal blood volume

liver stores

vit. A & D

3 series of chemical reactions

glycolysis, citric acid cycle, electron transport system (ETS)

Krebs cycle;

another name for citric acid cycle

glycogenesis

glucose anabolism

insulin

one of the most important; brings down

growth hormone, hydrocortisone, & epinephrine

brings up blood glucose

to little insulin

type 1

to much insulin

type 2

adipose tissue

fat tissue

essential

have to have

non-essential

body naturally produces

proteins assemble from a pool of

at least 20 different amino acids

vitamins

organic molecules needed in small quantities for normal metabolism throughout the body

antioxidant

prevent highly reactive molecules free radicals from damaging DNA and molecules in the cell membrane

free radicals

antioxidant prevent these



fat-soluble vitamins

A, D, E, K

Body cannot store

B, C

avitaminosis

vitamin deficiency

scurvy

lack of vitamin C

hypervitaminiosis

To many vitamins

Eyes;

vitamin A

Bones

vitamin D

Heart`

Vitamin E

basal metabolic rate (BMR)

rate at which nutrients are catabolized under basal conditions

total metabolic rate (TMR)

total amount of energy used by the body per day



Phenyketonuria (PKU)

inborn errors of metabolism, cant have art. sweetners

Anorexia

Wont eat

Bulimia

To much then force puking

Obesity

chronic over eating

two types of PCM

marasmus & kwashiorkor

thermoregulation

hypothalamus

radiation

flow of heat waves from blood

conduction

heat to skin then out

convection

heat to air that flows away from skin

evaporation

absorption of heat by water (sweat)

Fever

febrile, high blood temp.

malignant hyperthermia

inherited condition

heat exhaustion

body loses to much fluid

hypothermia

to cold

frostbite

damages tissues