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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

How were most Catholics treated by durian the revolution

Who did they side with

Neither the patriots not the British were friendly towards Catholics

What did independence in 1783 allow Catholics to share?

Allowed them to share the full religious freedom granted to Americans

How did the question of the slavery effect he US

How did some Catholics see slavery

The question of supporting slavery divided the U.S. And even Catholics

Saw it as a means to their own personal profit

Catholics were divided like the US so How was the U.S. Divided?

What army did priests serve as chaplains for?

North and south

Both the union( north) and the confederate(south) armies

When did the war end?

What was proclaimed?


Freedom for all people of all races and creeds was proclaimed

Why did the U.S. Bishops can a plenary council in 1866

To address the needs of the church in the newly reunited US

What is a plenary council

A council to be attended by all the country's bishops

When and where was the

First Plenary Council held

What did the bishops issue to pastors during this council

1852, Baltimore

Bishops issued recommendations that :

pastors teach Christian doctrine to the young people in their perishes and

every parish have a Catholic school

When was the Third Plenary Council held

What did they vote to establish at this council and what was the goal?


Voted to establish a nationwide Catholic school system

with the goal of having every Catholic child in the U.S. Enrolled in Catholic school

Why was the Baltimore Catechism published?

To help young American Catholics learn their faiths

What did Catholics do following the civil war

Catholics reached out to the 4 million freed slaves and invited them to become catholic

Where were a large amount of catholic immigrants coming from




What were opened for native Americans

Many missionary churches and schools

How many Catholics were in the U.S. Come 1900

What did the Vatican declare in 1908

12 million

Declared US was no longer a missionary country

Who pleaded for peace in 1914 during world war 1

How did leaders on both sides react

Poor Benedict XV

Both sides refused to listen

When does the U.S. Join WWI

Who served with American troops

In 1917

Catholic chaplains

What is the death and injury toll in 1918 after the war

9 million soldiers dead

Millions wounded

Millions of civilians were killed

When did the American stock market crash

What disappeared?


Peoples life savings

What happened because of the stock market crash

Businesses failed

Thousands lot their jobs

Farmers couldn't sell crops and lost their homes

Savings thought safe in banks were gone

What is this period of hardship caused by the stock market crash known as

The Great Depression

What pope is elected in 1922

What does he write in 1931


The encyclical Quadragesimo Anno

What does Quadragesimo Anno mean

What does Pius XI speak of in this encyclical

After forty years

Spoke of positive impact of social justices mentioned in Rerum Novarum

and the need to continue the work for a just society

Who's economies were also collapsing like the U.S.? What did people look for in response

European economies

People look for leaders who could restore their confidence and national pride

Who gained control in Germany in 1933

Adolf hitler and his national socialist party ( Nazis)

Who became dictator of Italy in 1922

Benito Mussolini

Why did Pius XI negotiate with leaders like Mussolini and hitler

To secure rights off the church in germany and Italy

What did hitler eventually do to this treaty and priests

Broke the treaty

Began silencing or attesting catholic priests and other who spoke out against him