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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. Abnormal Behavior
- Behavior that is deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful over a relatively long period of time.
2. Medical model
- the view that psychological disorders are medical diseases with a biological origin.
3. Vulnerability-stress hypothesis or diathesis- stress model
- Theory suggesting that preexisting conditions (such as genetic characteristics, personality dispositions, or experiences) may put a person at risk of developing a psychological disorder.
4. DSM-5
- The fifth edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; and major classification of psychological disorders in the United States.
5. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- a common psychological disorder in which the individual exhibits one or more of the following: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
6. Anxiety disorders
- disabling (uncontrollable and disruptive) psychological disorders that feature motor tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts.
7. Generalized anxiety disorder
- Anxiety disorder marked by persistent anxiety for at least 6 months, and in which the individual is unable to specify the reasons for the anxiety.
8. Panic disorder
- anxiety disorder in which the individual experiences recurrent, sudden onsets of intense terror, often without warning and with no specific cause.
9. Specific phobia
- Anxiety disorder in which the individual experiences and irrational, overwhelming, persistent fear of a particular object or situation.
10. Obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD)
- psychological disorder in which the individual has anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation.
11. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- psychological disorder that develops through exposure to a traumatic event, a severely oppressive situation, cruel abuse, or a natural or an unnatural disaster.
12. Depressive disorders
- psychological disorders in which the individual suffers from depression- an unrelenting lack of pleasure in life.
13. Major depressive disorder (MDD)
- psychological disorder involving a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least 2 weeks.
14. Bipolar disorder
- psychological disorder characterized by extreme mood swings that include one or more episodes of mania, an overexcited, unrealistically optimistic state.
15. Dissociative disorders
- Psychological disorders that involve a sudden loss of memory or change in identity due to the dissociation (separation) of the individual’s conscious awareness from previous memories and thoughts.
16. Dissociative amnesia
- dissociative disorder characterized by extreme memory loss that is caused by extensive psychological stress.
17. Dissociative identity disorder (DID)
- dissociative disorder in which the individual has two or more distinct personalities or selves, each with its own memories, behaviors, and relationships; formerly called multiple personality disorder.
18. Psychosis
- psychological state in which a person’s perceptions and thoughts are fundamentally removed from reality.
19. Schizophrenia
- severe psychological disorder characterized by highly disordered thought processes; individuals suffering from schizophrenia may be referred to as psychotic because they are so far removed from reality.
20. Hallucinations
- Sensory experiences that occur in the absence of real stimuli.
21. Delusions
- false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual’s culture.
22. Thought disorder
- the unusual, sometimes bizarre thought processes that are characteristic positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
23. Referential thinking
- ascribing personal meaning to completely random events.
24. Movement disorder
- the unusual mannerisms, body movements, and facial expressions that are characteristic positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
25. Catatonia
- state of immobility and unresponsiveness lasting for long periods of time.
26. Flat affect
- the display of little or no emotion- a common negative symptom of schizophrenia.
27. Personality disorders
- chronic, maladaptive cognitive-behavioral patterns that are thoroughly integrated into an individual’s personality.
28. Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD)
- Psychological disorder characterized by guiltlessness, law-breaking, exploitation of others, irresponsibility, and deceit.
29. Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
- psychological disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions, and of marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.