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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Through _____-_____ care, a nurse develops caring professional relationships based on respect and mutual trust and uses a holistic approach to promote humanism, health, and quality of life.

Person-centered (care)

When the relationship between the carer and the cared for is used for promoting or restoring the health and well being of people within the relationship, it becomes a ______ _______.

Therapeutic relationship

The human mode of being; the essence of nursing; a nursing action that aim toward the good and welfare of others.


A broad term relating to a systematic way to form and shape ones thinking

Critical thinking

Five types of considerations for critical thinking:

The purpose of thinking; the adequacy of knowledge; potential problems; helpful resources; and critique of judgement/ decisions

Involves clear, precise, specific, accurate, relevant, plausible consistent, logical, deep, broad, complete, significant, adequate and fair information

Standards for critical thinking

Evidence-based descriptions of behaviors that demonstrate the knowledge, characteristics and skills that promote clinical thinking in clinical practices

Critical thinking indicators

Prepares nurses who will have the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to continuously improve the quality and safety of the health care systems


Ways of thinking about patient care issues

Clinical reasoning

The result of critical thinking or clinical reasoning- the conclusion, decision, or opinion you make.

Clinical judgement

Testing any number of solutions until one is found that works for that particular problem; this method of problem solving is not efficient for the nurse and may be dangerous to the patient, therefor it is not recommended for nursing practice.

Trial-and-error problem solving

A systematic, seven step, problem solving process.

Scientific problem solving

7 steps of scientific problem solving:

Problem identification, data collection, hypothesis formulation, plan of action, hypothesis testing, interpretation of results, and evaluation

A direct understanding of a situation based on a background of experience, knowledge and skill that makes expert decision making possible.

Intuitive problem solving

A purposeful, goal directed effort applied in a systematic way to make a choice among alternatives.

Decision making

nursing process:

Assessment, diagnosis, outcome identification, planning, implementing, evaluating.

An instructional strategy in which learners identify, graphically display, and link key concepts.

Concept mapping

(Also called cognitive maps, mind maps, and meta cognitive tools)

A purposeful activity that leads to action, improvement of practice, and better patient outcomes.

Reflective practice