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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
In systole, the ventricles are (contracting, relaxing?)
Contracting
In systole, the ventricles are (filling, emptying?)
Emptying
In diastole, the ventricles are (contracting, relaxing?)
Relaxing
In diastole, the ventricles are (filling, emptying?)
Filling
In systole, the atria are (filling, emptying?)
Filling
In systole, the atria are (contracting, relaxing?)
Relaxing
Which valves are open during systole?
Aortic and Pulmonary
Which valves are closed during systole?
Tricuspid and Mitral
Which valves are open during diastole?
Tricuspid and Mitral
Which valves are closed during diastole?
Aortic and Pulmonary
Which valve lies between the Right Atrium and Right Ventricle?
Tricuspid
Which valve is the outflow valve for the Right Ventricle?
Pulmonary
Which valve lies between the Left Atrium and Left Ventricle?

Mitral (NOT BISCUSPID, use the clinical names)

Which valve is the outflow valve for the Left Ventricle?
Aortic
The Pacemaker of the heart is the ?
SA node
The Pacemaker for the Left Ventricle is the?
SA node
ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide) has what effect on blood volume?
Lowers blood volume
What triggers ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide) release?
Excess blood volume
Where is the CVP (Central Venous Pressure) measured?
Right Atrium
If the CVP is low, what may this indicate about your patient's hydration status?
Dehydration
The Frank Starling law states …
The more you stretch the ventricle, the greater the force of contraction.
If you increase the stretch of the ventricle, what happens to the Stroke Volume?
It increases
Most of the blood in the body is found in the …
Large veins
Low Na+ levels will directly trigger the release of ?
Renin (not ALDO!)
Where is Renin made?
In the kidneys
What does Renin do?
Catalyzes the formation of Angiotensin
What does Albumin do in the capillary?
Draws fluid IN
If you increase the Albumin concentration in the capillary, which ways does fluid move?
INTO the capillary