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13 Cards in this Set

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Beta-Blocking Agents
Atenolol - Tenormin
Alprenolol - Betacard
Acebutolol - Sectral,Monitan,Prent, Peptall
Metaprolol - Lopressor,Betaloc
Nadolol
Pindolol - Visken
Propranolol - Inderal
Sotalol - Betacardone
Timolol - Blocadren
Generic Name: Atenolol

Trade Name: Tenormin, Sernormin

Highly cardioselective (block Beta1 activity)
No lipid solubility(no crossing over the BBB,Blood Brain Barrier)
Generic Name: Alprenolol

Trade Name: Betacard

No cardioselectivity(block both Beta 1 & Beta 2 activity)
High Lipid solublility
crossing BBB
Generic Name: Acebutolol

Trade Name: Sectral, Monitan, Prent, Peptall

Mild cardioselectivity
Moderate lipid solubility
Generic Name: Metaprolol

Trade Name: Lopressor, Betaloc

Moderate cardioselectivity
Mild lipid solubility
Generic Name: Nadolol

Trade Name: Corgard

No cardioselectivity
No lipid solubility
Generic Name: Pindolol

Trade Name: Visken

Moderate cardioselectivity
Mild lipid solubility

Generic Name: Propranolol

Trade Name: Inderal

No cardioselectivity
High lipid solubility
Generic Name: Sotalol

Trade Name: Betacardone

No cardioselectivity
No lipid solubility
Generic Name: Timolol

Trade Name: Blocadren

No cardioselectivity
Mild lipid solubility
Brand names of Combination Product: •Tenoretic 100 (containing Atenolol and Chlorthalidone)
•Tenoretic 50 (containing Atenolol and Chlorthalidone)
Pharmacological Action:
Beta blockers inhibit the chronotropic, inotropic, and vasoconstrictor responses to the catecholamines, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Beta blockers differ in their duration of effect (3 hours to 22 hours), the types of beta receptors they block (β1-selective or β1/β2-nonselective), simultaneously capable of exerting low level heart rate increases (intrinsic sympathomimetic activity [ISA]), All beta blockers are approved for the treatment of hypertension
Why they are used:
All beta blockers are approved for the treatment of hypertension. Approved uses are specific to each beta blocker and include stable and unstable angina, atrial arrhythmias, bleeding esophageal varices, coronary artery disease, asymptomatic and symptomatic heart failure, migraine, and secondary prevention of post-myocardial infarction.
Atenolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and improve survival after a heart attack.
Atenolol is also used sometimes to prevent migraine headaches and to treat alcohol withdrawal, heart failure, and irregular heartbeat.
What side effects can this medication cause?
• dizziness
• lightheadedness
• tiredness
• drowsiness
• depression
• nausea
• diarrhea
Some side effects can be serious. The following symptoms are uncommon, but if you experience any of them, call your doctor immediately:
• shortness of breath
• swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
• unusual weight gain
• fainting
Calcium Channel Blockers
Vreapamil- Isoptin, Calan, Cordilox

Nifedipine- Procardia, Adalat

Diltiazem- Cardizem, Anginyl, Dilzem, Tildiem
Atenolol- can be taken via Intravenous solution, Oral tablets or powder
Acebutolol- Oral tablet

COMMON USES: A beta blocker used to treat high blood pressure or certain kinds of irregular heartbeat.


POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS: constipation; diarrhea; dizziness or lightheadedness; frequent urination; gas; headache; indigestion; mild drowsiness; nausea; sleepiness; sleeplessness; unusual tiredness or weakness.
Metaprolol-

COMMON USES: This medicine is a beta-adrenergic blocking agent (beta-blocker) used to treat high blood pressure, alone or with other medicines. It is also used for the long-term treatment of chest pain and to treat certain types of heart failure.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS:
constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth/eyes, gas, headache, heartburn, lightheadedness, mild drowsiness, muscle aches, nausea, stomach pain, trouble sleeping, unusual tiredness or weakness, or vomiting.
Nadolol- Oral tablet

COMMON USES: A beta blocker used to treat high blood pressure and angina pectoris (chest pain).

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS: dizziness or tiredness. If they continue or are bothersome, check with your doctor. CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY if you experience behavior changes; blurred vision or other vision changes; burning, numbness, or tingling; fainting; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; hallucinations; severe or persistent dizziness or light-headedness; short-term memory problems; shortness of breath; slow or irregular heartbeat; sudden, unexplained weight gain; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; or unusual bruising or bleeding.
Pindolol- Oral tablet, Powder

COMMON USES: This medicine is a beta blocker used to treat high blood pressure.


POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS: SIDE EFFECTS that may occur while taking this medicine include dizziness, fatigue, joint or muscle pain, muscle cramps, nausea, nervousness, sleeplessness, tiredness, or weakness.
Propranolol- Intravenouse solution, Oral capsule, Oral tablet

COMMON USES: A beta blocker used to treat certain types of irregular heartbeat.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS: constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; fatigue; lightheadedness; mild pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site; nausea; stomach upset or cramping; trouble sleeping; vomiting; or weakness.
Sotalol- Intravenouse solution, Oral tablet

COMMON USES: This medicine is an antiarrhythmic medicine used to treat certain types of irregular heartbeat (ventricular arrhythmias).

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECT: dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, mild diarrhea or nausea, tiredness, or trouble sleeping.
Timolol- Ophthalmic gel forming solution, Opthalmic solution

COMMON USES: A beta-blocker used to treat open-angle glaucoma or increased pressure in the eye (ocular hypertension).

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS: blurred vision; dizziness; dry eyes; feeling that something is in your eye; headache; increased tear production; minor burning, itching, or stinging of the eye; or nausea. If they continue or are bothersome, check with your doctor.