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17 Cards in this Set

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Neoplasm

Tumor

Malignant

Cancer - multiplies rapidly, invasive, undifferentiated, metastasize

Benign

Non cancer - grows slowly, encapsulated (no tentacles) n differentiated, does not spread

Differentiated

How different disease cells are from the parent

Primary State

Where cancer originates

Metastasis

Secondary site to which cancer spreads from the primary site. Spreads via blood, lymph and adjacent organs

How many different kinds of cancer are they?

100

Carcinomas

The largest group of solid tumors derived from epithelial tissue

Sarcomas

Tumors arising in supportive and connective tissues

Mixture Tissue

Composed of several types of cells

Grading

The value in determining the prognosis (higher the grade the worse the prognosis)

Staging and TNM

Based on the extent of the spread of the tumor


T - Tumor - size of the tumor


N- nodes - amount of lymph nodes invaded


M - metastasis - extent of the spread to different sites

Chemotherapy

Administration of cytotoxic drugs to achieve the greatest tumor kill with the least harm to normal cells

Biological Therapy

Agents stimulate the body's own immune system - block tumor growth - combat myelosuppressive side effects of chemotherapy

Radiation

Maximal dose of ionizing radiation to destroy tumor with minimal dose to surrounding normal tissue

Sugery

Primary treatment in 60% of cases

Carcinoma in Situe

Referring to localized tumor cells that have not invaded adjacent structures