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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is Crime?

Crime is human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of the state, the federal government,or a provincial or local government that has the power to make such laws and for which there is some form of authorized sanction

How might the notion of crime change over time?

Changes in the laws will undoubtedly continue to occur, perhaps even legitimizing former so-called crimes where fundamentally moral or socially beneficial forms of behaviour have been criminalized.

What is deviance?

Human activity that violates social norms

How are Crime and Deviance similar? How do they differ?

Crime and Deviance both stray away from social norms however some acts are deviant but not illegal but all crime is illegal

Who decides what should be criminal?

Society decides.

How do the three perspectives of theoretical criminology differ in how they might determine what should be criminal?

The consensus perspective holds that most members of society agree on whats right and wrong and work together for the greater good.

The pluralist perspective holds that a multiplicity of values and beliefs exist in any complex society but agree on the usefulness of the law as a formal means to dispute resolution.

The conflict perspective holds that conflict is a fundamental aspect of social life and can never be resolved.

What are some of the employment opportunities available in the field of criminology?

-Data Gathering

-Public Service

-Education and Training

-Public Advocacy

-Theory Construction

-Hypothesis Testing

-Social Policy Creation

-Analysis of crime patterns and trends

-Scholarly presentations and publications

threat assessment and risk analysis

What is criminology?

An interdisciplinary profession built around the scientific study of crime and criminal behaviour, including their forms, causes, legal aspects, prevention, and control

In what ways is contemporary criminology interdisciplinary?

Present day criminology is decidedly more scientific which means that it is amendable to objective scrutiny and systemic testing. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in that both the behavioral and social sciences are included.

What is a theory?

A series of interrelated propositions that attempt to describe, explain, predict, and ultimately control some class of events.

What purposes do theories serve?

Theories attempt to provide us with explanatory power and help us to understand a phenomenon under study. The more applicable a a theory is found to be the more it can be applied to other situations.

How is Social Policy in the area of crime control determined?

Ideally, research results in the field of criminology should have both practical implications that can guide daily practice in relevant areas and a significant impact on those who formulate public crime control policy.

What is the Theme of this text book? Upon which two contrasting viewpoints does it build?

This book builds on a social policy theme by asking questions about the source of crime and criminality and by asking what we can do to prevent and control crime. Two contrasting viewpoints are the Social Problems perspective and the Social Responsibility Perspective.

How would you describe the various participants in a criminal event? How does each contribute to the understanding of an event?

offender, the police, the victim and the criminal justice department all contribute to the social event by providing both background and foreground information.

In what ways has the discipline of sociology contributed to the most to theoretical understandings of crime causation over the past century?

A large number of today's dominant theoretical understanding of criminal behaviour are routinely couched in the language of social science and fall within the framework of sociological theory.