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80 Cards in this Set

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Minimum legal age for rabies vaccine in dog?
a. 3 months
b. 4 months
c. 5 months
d. 6 weeks
b. 4 months
Boston terrier comes in with a thick, mucoid discharge from its eye. It is most likely:
a. Corneal ulcer
b. Foxtail
c. KCS
d. Distemper
c. KCS
Mucocele in a dog. What should you do to treat this condition?
a. Incise the mucocele and place a drain
b. Aspirate the mucocele and place on systemic antibiotics
c. Remove the ipsilateral salivary gland
d. Remove the mucocoele and salivary gland
d. Remove the mucocoele and salivary gland
A woman brings in her 8 week old shelter kitten. The kitten will be a strictly indoor cat.
In addition to FVRCP at 8 &12 weeks and rabies at 16 weeks (4 months), what else do you
recommend?
a. Deworm based on fecal float results
b. Deworm every two weeks with pyrantel until 12 weeks
c. FeLV vaccinate at 8, 12 weeks and deworm based on fecal float results
d. Deworm every 2 weeks with pyrantel pamoate until 12 weeks
d. Deworm every 2 weeks with pyrantel pamoate until 12 weeks
5. Cat with open mouth breathing and muffled heart sounds. Best technique to radiograph
thorax with minimal compromise to patient?
a. VD and laterals with sedation
b. DV and laterals with sedation
c. VD and laterals with NO sedation
d. DV and laterals with NO sedation
d. DV and laterals with NO sedation
6. Piperazine is used for control of what parasite?
a. Hookworms
b. Tapeworms
c. Roundworms
d. Flukes
c. Roundworms
Right ventricular hypertrophy caused by
a. Heartworm disease
b. Aortic stenosis
c. Mitral regurgitation
d. VSD (left)
**a. Heartworm disease
b. Aortic stenosis = left ventricular hypertrophy
c. Mitral regurgitation = left
d. VSD = left
Cat comes in with pruritic lesions on ears, neck and face:
a. Notoedres cati
b. Otodectes cyanotic
c. Cheyletiella
d. Demodex
**a. Notoedres cati
b. Otodectes cyanotic = ears
c. Cheyletiella = Walking dandruff
d. Demodex = not pruritic
Cat that is PU/PD and has a plantigrade stance with difficulty jumping onto furniture.
Most likely has what disease?
a. Diabetes mellitus
b. Hyperthyroidism
c. Cushing's aka hyperadrenocorticism
d. Hypokalemia
a. Diabetes mellitus
Pain management consideration for 1 yo canine OVH?
a. Post-op parental morphine, followed up with oral rimadyl
b. Post-op parental butorphanol, followed up with oral butorphanol
c. Pre and post-op morphine, followed up with oral rimadyl
d. Pre and post-op butorphanol followed up with fentanyl patch
a. Post-op parental morphine, followed up with oral rimadyl
Which is zoonotic?
a. Yersinia pestis
b. Babesia
c. Neospora
d. Neorickettsia helminotheca
a. Yersinia pestis
Tech gets bit by cat in finger joint. In addition to cleaning and bandaging immediately, as
supervising veterinarian, you should:
a. Recommend that the tech see a physician
b. Advise to keep bandage clean
c. Start tech on antibiotics
d. Something else like watch the finger for swelling
a. Recommend that the tech see a physician
Indicator of poor response to therapy for EPI?
a. Increased appetite
b. Increased stool
c. Increased urine
d. Increased activity
a. Increased appetite
Pot-bellied, febrile kitten with a viscous fluid on abdominocentesis, diagnosis?
a. Ascarids
b. FIV
c. FIP
c. FIP
15. Middle aged standard poodle with pelvic limb lameness and swollen stifle
a. Radiographs
b. Joint tap
c. Elicit a cranial drawer
c. Elicit a cranial drawer
17 year old FS mixed breed dog with anorexia, lethargy, PU/PD, USG=1.018. What else
would you do next?
a. Fundic exam
b. Neuro exam
c. Rectal exam
d. Orthopedic exam
c. Rectal exam (anal sac adenocarcinoma)
What changes would you expect to see in a dog with pleural effusion?
a. Stridor
b. Wheezing
c. Dyspnea
d. Increased breath sounds
a. Stridor (laryngeal)
b. Wheezing (alveolar)
**c. Dyspnea
d. Increased breath sounds = normal
10 yo white outdoor DSH with chronic nasal discharge and facial rubbing. There are pink ulcerated masses at his ear tips and on his right nasal planum. What’s the most likely diagnosis?
a. Upper respiratory infection
b. SCC
c. Notoedres Cati
b. SCC
19. Bacteria most commonly associated with foxtail migration?
a. Pasteurella
b. Actinomyces pyogenes
c. Mycobacterium
d. Staphylococcus
b. Actinomyces pyogenes
Toxoplasmosis is associated with which of these?
a. Corneal ulcer; myositis
b. Anterior uveitis; fever
c. KCS; anemia
d. Chemosis; arthritis
b. Anterior uveitis; fever
Acute ethylene glycol toxicity?
a. Increased osmolal gap with metabolic acidosis
b. Increased osmolal gap with metabolic alkalosis
c. Decreased osmolal gap with metabolic acidosis
d. Decreased osmolal gap with metabolic alkalosis
a. Increased osmolal gap with metabolic acidosis
What did a dog ingest causing it to get acute renal failure?
a. Ethylene glycol
b. Grapes
c. Rodent urine infected with Leptospirosis
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Why do you not want to vaccinate a pregnant dog (rhymes with witch) or queen?
a. May cause fetal deformation and/or death
b. May cause revision to a virulent form
c. May cause fetal immunosuppression
d. Pregnancy decreased effective antibody production
a. May cause fetal deformation and/or death
What toxicosis does a bird get from a galvanized cage?
a. Zinc
b. Lead
c. Copper
d. Iron
a. Zinc
A 2 yo lab has a chronic draining tract in the 11o’clock position near the anus which has been non-responsive to antibiotic therapy. You most likely differential is:
a. Foxtail
b. Anal gland impaction
c. Infected perianal hernia (would resolve with antibiotics)
d. Anal sac adenocarcinoma (not usually a draining tract)
**a. Foxtail
b. Anal gland impaction - swollen not draining
c. Infected perianal hernia = would resolve with antibiotics
d. Anal sac adenocarcinoma = not usually a draining tract
How do you restrain a bird to prevent injury to the patient?
a. Hold beak and head
b. Make sure the keel is freely moveable
c. Keep legs tucked close to body
d. Keep wings folded closely to the body
b. Make sure the keel is freely moveable
A dobie presents with a right thoracic limb lameness. What diagnostic should be included in your initial work up?
a. Lyme titer
b. Chem panel
c. Orthopedic examination
d. Survey rads of the right thoracic limb
c. Orthopedic examination
28. What is the treatment for warfarin toxicity in addition to vitamin K1?
a. Fresh plasma
b. Whole blood
c. pRBCs
d. Charcoal
a. Fresh plasma
Complications caused by snake bite envenomation ultimately manifests as?
a. Coagulopathy
b. Cardiovascular
c. Depression
d. DIC
d. DIC
What parasite is treated with praziquantal?
a. Roundworms
b. Whipworms
c. Ticks
d. Tapeworms
d. Tapeworms
You tested a 4 month old stray kitten with FIV using the ELISA snap test. What can you conclude?
a. Kitten has FIV
b. Cannot conclude and retest in a month
c. The queen has FIV
d. Retest after 6 months due to maternal antibodies
c. The queen has FIV (gave cat maternal antibodies
You tested a cat with HW but it is asymptomatic. What is your recommendation?
a. Don’t treat (risk of adverse effects doesn’t justify treatment)
b. Treat with melarsomine
c. Treat with ivermectin
a. Don’t treat (risk of adverse effects doesn’t justify treatment)
Note NEVER treat with melarsomine in cats!
What is the most common cause of diarrhea in rabbits and what is the appropriate treatment?
a. Tyzzer’s disease; tetracycline
b. Salmonella, oral antibiotics
c. Mucoid enteropathy; oral antibiotics
d. Coccidiosis; sulfadimethoxine
a. Tyzzer’s disease; tetracycline
b. Salmonella, oral antibiotics (rare in rabbits)
c. Mucoid enteropathy; oral antibiotics (diarrhea as a result of mixture of constipation, toxins and non-specific bacteria – need to increase fiber)
d. Coccidiosis; sulfadimethoxine (usually subclinical)
What is the proper protocol for transferring radiographs from vet A to vet B?
a. Vet A mails them directly to vet B with verbal consent of owner
b. Owner verbally requests them from vet A and hand delivers to vet B
c. Vet A obtains written authorization from owner and mails them to vet B
d. Vet obtains oral authorization from owner and mails them to vet B
c. Vet A obtains written authorization from owner and mails them to vet B??
What information must be on the label of a non-controlled drug?
a. Name and address of prescribing veterinarian
b. Patient weight
c. Patient’s condition
d. Prescribing veterinarian’s license number
a. Name and address of prescribing veterinarian
Cat that has difficulty jumping up onto furniture with poor haircoat. What is you next
diagnostic step?
a. FeLV/FIV test
b. BG and urinalysis
c. T4
d. CBC
b. BG and urinalysis (ddx diabetes mellitus)
Your patient is a puppy with T=102.5, P=150, R=48. What is the cause?
a. Left in hot car
b. Normal
c. Excited puppy
b. Normal
You patient needs to have an ocular exam. What is the correct order of diagnostics?
a. Schirmer tear test, fluoroscein dye, procainamide, tonometry
b. Tonometry, fluoroscein dye, STT, procainamide
a. Schirmer tear test, fluoroscein dye, procainamide, tonometry ??
What is the best method for diagnosing pyrrolizidine alkaloid toxicity?
a. Kidney histopathology
b. BUN
c. Liver histopathology
d. AST
c. Liver histopathology - triad of biliary hyperplasia/bile duct proliferation, megalocytosis, FIBROSIS
What is the most common cause of endodontic disease in a dog?
a. Carries
b. Tooth pulp exposure (Fracture)
c. Periodontal disease
d. Tooth wear
b. Tooth pulp exposure (Fracture)
What is contraindicated in a dog with tick paralysis?
a. Oxygen
b. Vitamin K1
c. Hyperimmune serum
d. Fipronyl
** Vitamin K1
a. Oxygen (respiratory distress)
c. Hyperimmune serum (tick antiserum)
d. Fipronyl (tick preventative)
When is the best time to apply a fentanyl patch?
a. Immediately after surgery before they wake up from anesthesia
b. 12-24 hours before sx
c. 1-2 hours before sx
d. 12-24 hours after sx
b. 12-24 hours before sx
Which mycotic disease is most zoonotic?
a. Histoplasmosis
b. Blastomycosis
c. Sporotrichosis
d. Coccidioidomycosis
c. Sporotrichosis
Sporotrichosis is caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii, which is found in vegetation.
Which species is reservoir for rabies in CA?
a. Foxes
b. Skunks and bats
c. Raccoon
d. Opposum
b. Skunks and bats
Which condition is most likely to contribute to recurrent UTI?
a. Hyperthyroidism
b. Diabetes mellitus
c. Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease)
d. Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease)
b. Diabetes mellitus
You think a dog has nasal Aspergillus. To make the diagnosis:
a. Flush nasal cavity first then radiograph
b. Biopsy first, then flush, then radiograph
c. Radiograph before biopsy or flush
d. Obtain negative culture, rhinoscopy and serology before radiographing
c. Radiograph before biopsy or flush
Ethylene glycol toxicity presents with which lab abnormalities?
a. Increased anion gap, alkalosis
b. Increased anion gap, acidosis
c. Decreased anion gap, acidosis
d. Decreased anion gap, alkalosis
b. Increased anion gap, acidosis
Which clinical signs would you expect to see in a dog with digitalis toxicity?
a. Increased appetite
b. Decreased appetite
c. Increased urination
d. Decreased defecation
b. Decreased appetite
Which of the following conditions and treatments would interfere with the diagnosis of
Cushing’s disease in a dog?
a. Chronic otitis externa; triamcinolone
b. Hypothyroidsm; thyroxine
c. Degenerative joint disease; carprofen
d. Epileptic seizures; Phenobarbital
a. Chronic otitis externa; triamcinolone
A 9 year old fractious cat is paraparetic. Which body system should you examine
closely?
a. Cardiovascular
b. Endocrine
c. Genitourinary
d. Lymphoid
a. Cardiovascular (HCM and saddle thrombus)
The heartworm antigen test detects what?
a. Microfilaria (Knott’s test)
b. Male worm
c. Female worm
d. L3
c. Female worm
To differentiate pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism from adrenal tumor, what test
should you use?
a. ACTH stim (measure cortisol)
b. Urine creatinine:cortisol ratio
c. Low dose Dex suppression
d. High dose Dex suppression
d. High dose Dex suppression
A woman brings a litter of Dalmatian puppies to your clinic. How do you check for
deafness?
a. BAER test
Technician is bitten on the hand by a cat, deep wound. She cleans and bandages her thumb. What should you tell her to do next?
a. Request that she go to a physician
Performing an orchiectomy in a rabbit is dangerous because?
a. Increased risk of hemorrhage as compared to dog/cat
b. Increased risk of herniation due to open inguinal rings
c. Increased anesthetic needed for sedation
b. Increased risk of herniation due to open inguinal rings
What drug can you use for parasite control in a reptile?
a. Ivermectin
b. Praziquantal
c. Pyrantel
d. OP
a. Ivermectin
Note: Ivermectin is toxic in chelonians, indigo snakes and skinks
Best diagnostic to ID a dog infected with coccidiomycosis?
a. IgG and IgM titer
58. Horse with myositis from IM injection. What besides C. difficile causes myositis?
a. Staph spp
b. Strep spp
c. C. novei
d. C. hemolyticum
c. C. novei
A horse has increased lacrimation, blepharospasm, episcleral injection, corneal edema and photophobia. There is no uptake of flourescein dye. What is the most likely differential?
a. Uveitis
b. Entropion
c. Glaucoma
d. Corneal ulcer
a. Uveitis
What are the recommendations for tetanus vaccination in an older horse?
a. Vaccinate when wounded
b. Vaccinate infrequently because older horses have an increased sensitivity to vaccine
c. Vaccinate yearly
d. Vaccinate semi-annually
c. Vaccinate yearly
Ivermectin is ineffective against which parasite?
a. Anoplocephala
b. Parascaris
c. Strongyles
a. Anoplocephala (horse tapeworm)
To perform an emergency tracheotomy in a horse, you should?
a. Make a horizontal incision through an annular ligament
b. Make a horizontal incision through a cartilage ring
c. Make a vertical incision through 2 cartilage rings
d. Make a 2cm horizontal window in trachea
a. Make a horizontal incision through an annular ligament.
"The annular ligament is incised from midline 1 to 2 cm in both directions (about 1/3 of the circumference of the lumen." Equine Field Surgery, D. A. Wilson
In a mare with a uterine torsion, you will?
a. See right flank swelling
b. See left flank swelling
c. Visualize twisted vagina/cervix
d. Feel broad ligament over uterus
d. Feel broad ligament over uterus
Which anesthetic should you not use in a horse?
a. Xylazine, ketamine, diazepam
b. Atropine, acepromazine, halothane
c. Dobutamine, guaifenesin
d. Dobutamine, ketamine, diazepam
b. Atropine, acepromazine, halothane
Pony presents with signs of COPD. Pony spends most of time in stall but is out on pasture 2 days a week. What recommendations do you give the owner?
a. Stall confinement
b. Put out to pasture and feed wet hay/pelleted food
c. Change bedding, keep in stall
d. Put out to pasture a little more and switch to grass feed
b. Put out to pasture and feed wet hay/pelleted food
A pony with COPD is kept in a 40 yo wooden barn and has access to pasture twice a
week. Besides medication, how else would you treat?
a. Dirt paddock, baled hay, regular exercise
b. Pasture 50%, hay in open manger, regular exercise
c. Pasture, wet down feed or pelleted feed, limited exercise initially
d. Keep in barn, sun-cured baled hay, limited exercise initially
c. Pasture, wet down feed or pelleted feed, limited exercise initially
Presented with a colt for elective castration. Initial physical exam findings are T=102.5,
P=48, R=40. What do you do?
a. The foal is febrile, normocardic, do surgery
b. The foal is febrile, tachycardic, postpone sx
c. The foal is normal; do sx
d. The foal is normothermic, tachycardic; postpone sx
c. The foal is normal; do sx
What is the cause of synchronous diaphragmatic flutters?
a. Electrolyte imbalance
Hypocalcemia to be more specific
Can be caused by cantharidin toxicity or blister beetle exposure.
When should you move a mare to a different farm before foaling in order for the mare to
develop Ig to the local pathogens?
a. 4-6 weeks
b. 8-10 weeks
c. 12-14 weeks
d. 16-18 weeks
a. 4-6 weeks
When should artificial lighting program begin in order to achieve the best ovulation in a
horse?
a. Dec 1
b. March 1
c. 30 days before ovulating
Dec 1 (8-10 weeks before breeding season)
Horse with vesicles around mouth, what should you do?
a. Call local public health vet
b. Call state vet
c. Give antibiotics
d. Quarantine
b. Call state vet
Veterinarians and livestock owners who suspect an
animal may have vesicular stomatitis or any other
vesicular disease should immediately contact State
or Federal animal health authorities.
In horses, vesicular lesions of VS generally occur on the upper surface of the tongue, the lips, around nostrils, corners of the mouth, and gums. Lesions in horses may also be expressed as crusting scabs on the muzzle, lips, or ventral abdomen.
Zoonotic: In people, the disease causes an acute influenza-like
illness with symptoms such as fever, muscle aches,
headache, and malaise. To avoid exposure to this
disease, individuals should use protective measures
when handling affected animals.
A 12 year old barren mare has purulent vaginal discharge. Which of the following is
contraindicated for diagnosis?
a. Abdominocentesis
b. Transrectal ultrasound
c. Endometrial cytology and culture
d. Vaginal and cervical exam with speculum
a. Abdominocentesis
Where would you take pulse in the horse
a. External carotid, lateral thoracic, median
b. Facial, femoral, external carotid
c. Median, external iliac, digital
d. Facial, digital, metatarsal
d. Facial, digital, metatarsal
What is an RVT not allowed to do in CA?
a. Place a cast
b. Take a skin punch biopsy
c. Suture a pre-existing incision
d. Induce anesthesia
b. Take a skin punch biopsy
Horse with history of gradual, persistent weight loss. Which is not important to ask owner?
a. History of colic
b. Oleander exposure
c. Deworming history
b. Oleander exposure
1-2 leaves causes acute cardiotoxicity
Which can you feel on normal rectal palpation of horse with abdominal discomfort?
a. Urinary bladder, spleen, cecum
b. Urinary bladder, transverse colon, cecum
c. Stomach, transverse colon, cecum
d. Stomach, spleen, cecum
a. Urinary bladder, spleen, cecum
Three year old horse with bilateral, mandibular symmetrical, non-painful swellings. What is it?
a. Tooth root abscess
b. Dental caries
c. Permanent tooth eruption
d. Interdental feed impaction
c. Permanent tooth eruption
What parasite group is not killed by ivermectin?
a. Gastrophilus
b. Anoplocephala
c. Cyathostomes
d. Strongylus
b. Anoplocephala (tapeworm)
What do you do when a horse that you are treating with TMS becomes anorexic and develops diarrhea?
a. Stop TMS, CBC, banamine
b. Continue TMS, CBC, banamine
c. Stop TMS, chemistry, bute
d. Continue TMS, chemistry, bute
a. Stop TMS, CBC, banamine
Yearling is being fed diet consisting of 8% protein, 0.6% Ca, and 0.1% phosphorus. This
diet is:
a. Adequate in protein and Ca:Ph
b. Deficient in protein, but adequate Ca:Ph
c. Adequate in protein, but deficient in Ca:Ph
d. Deficient protein and Ca:Ph
d. Deficient protein and Ca:Ph