Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

3 steps in formation of sedimentary rock

Layers of sediment laid down in lakes or seas

get buried

fluids flowing through pores deposit natural mineral cement

E.G limestone and Chalk

Metamorphic Rocks

Formed by action of heat and Pressure

E.G Marble is melted from limestone and chalk. It reforms as crystals.

Igneous Rocks

Molten magma pushes through the crust before cooling and solidifying

they contain interlocking crystals.

Intrusive- makes BIG crystals and cools over time

E.G Granite

Extrusive- makes small Crystals and cools quickly

E.G basalt

Limestone as a building material

Formed from sea shells

causes environmental problems- has to be quarried

Used for cathedrals

Road Surfaces

Acid rain is BIG problem

Other Uses of Limestone

Making Cement

Which is then used to make concrete

Makes glass

Limestone makes a mess

Quarrying causes huge ugly holes in the ground

Noise and dust is a factor

Transportation noises from the lorries and trucks taking it away

Positives to Limestone

Used for Houses, roads, paints, dyes, chemicals

Used in power station chimneys to neutralise sulfur dioxide which is a cause of acid rain

once quarrying is completed landscaping and restoration is normally required