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7 Cards in this Set

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3 steps in formation of sedimentary rock

Layers of sediment laid down in lakes or seas


get buried


fluids flowing through pores deposit natural mineral cement


E.G limestone and Chalk

Metamorphic Rocks

Formed by action of heat and Pressure


E.G Marble is melted from limestone and chalk. It reforms as crystals.

Igneous Rocks

Molten magma pushes through the crust before cooling and solidifying


they contain interlocking crystals.


Intrusive- makes BIG crystals and cools over time


E.G Granite


Extrusive- makes small Crystals and cools quickly


E.G basalt

Limestone as a building material

Formed from sea shells

causes environmental problems- has to be quarried


Used for cathedrals


Road Surfaces


Acid rain is BIG problem

Other Uses of Limestone

Making Cement


Which is then used to make concrete


Makes glass



Limestone makes a mess

Quarrying causes huge ugly holes in the ground

Noise and dust is a factor


Transportation noises from the lorries and trucks taking it away

Positives to Limestone

Used for Houses, roads, paints, dyes, chemicals


Used in power station chimneys to neutralise sulfur dioxide which is a cause of acid rain


once quarrying is completed landscaping and restoration is normally required