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25 Cards in this Set

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Buildings constructed with noncombustible or limited combustible exterior walls and floors made of large dimension combustible materials are called –




A) Type I.


B) Type II.


C) Type III.


D) Type IV.

Type IV.




Called Heavy Timber Construction.

Heavy timber construction, and it's subcategory of "Mill" construction, had it's origins in –




A) Medieval England.


B) Colonial America.


C) The Industrial Revolution.


D) The Renaissance.

Medieval England.



3) Mill construction in the United States emerged during -




A) World War I.


B) World War II.


C) The Industrial Revolution

D) The Civil War.

The Industrial Revolution

4) Half timber homes utilize -




A) Large-dimension, hand-hewn structural members.


B) Mortise and tenon joints.


C) Exterior walls that feature exposed wood members.


D) All the above.

All the above.

In the United States, the first mills were introduced during the ___ and featured the use of large timbers for the structural frame, but maintained wooden exterior walls.




A) 1750s.


B) 1790s.


C) 1820s.


D) 1850s.



1790s.

During the first half of the 1800s, the construction of mills in the United States began to feature a new form of factory known as mill construction, and were built with exterior walls of -




A) Stone.


B) Wood.


C) Masonry.


D) All the above.

Masonry.

Mill construction in the United States fell out of favor around World War I with the arrival of -




A) Laminated wood beams.


B) Exterior metal siding.


C) Reinforced concrete.


D) A and B.

Reinforced concrete.



8) The characteristics of mill construction include all but which of the following?




A) Exterior load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls of solid masonry, usually either brick or stone, such as a granite or sandstone.


B) Numerous concealed spaces.


C) Openings between floors which are enclosed by adequate fire barriers.


D) Roofs of thick splined or laminated planks.



Numerous concealed spaces.




Concealed spaces in these structures are eliminated.

The floors of mill constructed buildings are made from thick ___ planks.




A) Grooved.


B) Splined.


C) Laminated.


D) All the above.

All the above.

The end of a joist cut at an angle to permit the joist to fall out of a wall without acting like a lever and pulling the entire wall down is called a -




A) Fail-safe cut.


B) Mill cut.


C) Fire cut.


D) Fire break

Fire cut.

An iron box built into a wall to receive the end of a girder is called –




A) Joist box.


B) Beam box.


C) Girder box.


D) Cast-iron box

Cast-iron box.

A series of projections, each one step progressively outward from the vertical face of the wall as it rises up to support a cornice or overhanging member above is called –




A) Corbelled.


B) Chamfered.


C) Step supported.


D) A and C.

Corbelled.

A heavy timber column that has been cut at an angle on each of the corners to make it more difficult for fire to ignite the column at that location is called a –




A) Ripped column.


B) Chamfered column.


C) Beveled column.


D) Planed column.



Chamfered column.

An outlet in the wall of a building for drainage of water from a floor or a flat roof is known as a –




A) Roof duct.


B) Watercourse.


C) Cloaca.


D) Scupper.

Scupper.

A characteristic of a building that should allow a fire in that building to be brought under control before the building itself becomes involved is called –




A) Innate confinement.


B) Slow-burning.


C) Gauged-burning.


D) Timed-burning.

Slow-burning.

The "slow burning" characteristics of heavy timber construction are often seen as an advantage to firefighters. This is only true if -




A) The fire starts in the basement area.


B) The fire starts in the upper floors of the structure.


C) The fire department can maintain interior offensive operations.


D) The fire department wages a defensive attack from the outside of the structure.

The fire department can maintain interior offensive operations.

If the fire department wages an exterior defensive operation, all of the following factors are true except -




A) The fire will be brought under control quickly.


B) Extinguishment of the fire will be delayed.


C) Air pollution will be prolonged and there will be more exposure of toxins to firefighters and civilians.


D) B and C.

The fire will be brought under control quickly.

A structure that presents severe exposure problems that are capable of initiating a conflagration is known as a –




A) Conflagration breeder.


B) Conflagration hazard.


C) Conflagration target.


D) Conflagration risk.



Conflagration breeder.




A large, multiple-building fire that is not easily contained.

19) When fighting a fire in a heavy timber structure, you can expect all the following except for –




A) A tremendous amount of radiant heat from each flaming window opening.


B) Large, exposed window openings, particularly in old mills, including sawtooth roof mills.


C) Production of numerous large fire brands, carried by the tremendous updraft of the fire erupting from the interior of the building, propelling them for hundreds or thousands of yards downwind.


D) Fire spread to wood-frame homes that often surround these buildings.



Large, exposed window openings, particularly in old mills, including sawtooth roof mills.




You can expect sealed-up window openings, not open ones.

When fighting a fire in a heavy timber structure, you will need -




A) A large water supply with numerous heavy-caliber streams.


B) A large collapse zone.


C) An extensive patrol downwind.


D) All the above

All the above




You will also need a tremendous amount of luck as well.

Which of the following have been observed by firefighters to remain intact in a multistory heavy timber building fire?




A) Exterior walls.


B) Roof rafters.


C) Floor beams.


D) Stair shafts.

Stair shafts.




These can potentially serve as areas of refuge for evacuating firefighters, even if the rest of the building collapses.

Which of the following would be considered the only fire protection measure that can be expected to prevent a disaster in a heavy timber building?




A) Steel trusses replacing large wooden columns.


B) The application of a fire retardant on heavy timber structural members.


C) Full sprinkler protection, and adequately maintained.


D) All the above.



Full sprinkler protection, and adequately maintained.

Heavy timber construction is still being utilized today to build churches and synagogues, but deviates from traditional mill construction in that it allows for -




A) Cast-iron or unprotected steel columns.


B) Steel or part steel trusses.


C) Unsprinklered void spaces.


D) All the above.

All the above.




Also, highly combustible contents, unprotected vertical openings, and inadequate or no sprinkler protection.

Laminated timbers are called -




A) Gluham.


B) Veneer.


C) Engineered timber.


D) Machined timber.

Gluham.

Like buildings of ordinary construction, heavy timber structures use –




A) Masonry load-bearing walls.


B) Wood structural members.


C) Steel or part-steel trusses.


D) A and B.

A and B.