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122 Cards in this Set

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What is the difference between noncombustible and fire-resistive construction?




A) The amount of fire load contained in the building.


B) The nature of the occupancy.


C) The level of fire resistance assigned to the structural members.


D) All the above.

The level of fire resistance assigned to the structural members.

Which statement is true?




A) Noncombustible construction has little or no fire resistance.


B) Fire-resistive construction has moderate fire resistance.


C) Fire-resistive construction has heavy fire resistance.


D) All the above.

All the above.

Many noncombustible buildings are 1 to 3 stories in height, with a maximum height being ___ for certain types of occupancies.




A) 10 stories.


B) 12 stories.


C) 14 stories.



D) 16 stories.

12 stories.

What is the maximum height permitted for a fire-resistive constructed building?




A) 20 stories.


B) 30 stories.


C) 40 stories.


D) Unlimited.

Unlimited.

Noncombustible buildings rely heavily on ___ as its structural system.




A) Concrete.


B) Cast iron.


C) Steel.


D) Masonry.

Steel.

Steel is used heavily in noncombustible buildings in which of the following areas?




A) Floors.


B) Roof framing.


C) Foundations.


D) A and B.

A and B.



The use of concrete on Type II construction is typically limited to -




A) Concrete block exterior load-bearing walls.


B) Shaft enclosures.


C) Large exterior wall panels.


D) All the above.

All the above.



What is the most important metal used in building construction?




A) Steel.


B) Brass.


C) Cast iron.


D) Titanium.

Steel.



A measurement of the ability of steel to distort and restore is called –




A) Coefficient of yield.


B) Thermal pliancy


C) Modulus of elasticity.


D) Thermal fluidity.

Modulus of elasticity.

Steel's modulus of elasticity is about ___ million pounds per square inch.-




A) 16.


B) 19.


C) 26.


D) 29.

29.

) Steel's compressive strength is -




A) Less than its tensile strength.


B) Greater than its tensile strength.


C) Equal to its tensile strength.


D) Greater than its shear strength.



Equal to its tensile strength.

) Steel's shear strength is about ___ its tensile strength.




A) ¼.


B) ⅓.


C) ½.


D) ¾.

¾.



Fire resistance is a function of -




A) Density.


B) Mass.


C) Volume.


D) Age.

Mass.




Strong, but lightweight members have little inherent fire resistance. The greater the mass the greater the fire resistance.



Substantial elongation can take place in a steel member at ordinary fire temperatures of about –




A) 800° F.


B) 900° F.


C) 1000° F.


D) 1100° F.

1000° F.

If steel cannot elongate because it is restrained, it will –




A) Buckle.


B) Overturn.


C) Break.


D) A and B.

A and B.



Steel members may completely fail resulting in building collapse if exposed to temperatures above –




A) 1000° F.


B) 1100° F.


C) 1200°F.


D) 1300° F

1300° F.

Cold-drawn steel cables inserted into holes driven into rock and anchored with epoxy are called –




A) Tiebacks.


B) Anchors.


C) Footings.


D) Borings.

Tiebacks.




It also refers to braced sheeting used in soil walls to protect against collapse.



Tiebacks an elevator cables will fail at about -




A) 700° F.


B) 800° F.


C) 900° F.


D) 1000° F.

800° F.



To evaluate and categorize is the definition of -




A) Triage.


B) Analyze.


C) Examine.


D) Appraise

Triage.

Heat can be classified in which of the following ways?




A) Heat leaving the structure.


B) Heat being evolved from contents that are burning.


C) Heat being absorbed by contents or structural elements that will be ignited or caused to fail.


D) All the above.

All the above.

Under fire conditions, which type of heat would you consider to be the most important heat to be removed from a burning structure?




A) Heat leaving the structure.


B) Heat being evolved from contents that are burning.


C) Heat being absorbed by contents or structural elements that will be ignited or caused to fail.


D) They are all equally important.





Heat being absorbed by contents or structural elements that will be ignited or caused to fail.

Which of the following would be considered the fire department's heat removal medium?




A) Surgical ventilation.


B) Limiting the available fuel.


C) Limiting the available oxygen.


D) Water.

Water.

Which of the following statements is true?




A) Water should never be applied on heated steel because of the possibility of dire results.


B) When water is applied to heated steal, the cooling effect of the water draws back any elongation in the steel to its original dimensions.


C) In a steel building on fire, water should be applied to the contents of the building only, which will result in cooling the surrounding steel structure.


D) Water should only be applied to steel members as a last resort to overt an impending building collapse.

When water is applied to heated steal, the cooling effect of the water draws back any elongation in the steel to its original dimensions.



Steel members that have two legs at right angles to one another are called –




A) Angles.


B) Perpendicular bars.


C) Right angle members.


D) Right angle plates.



Angles.

Flat pieces of steel are called –




A) Panels.


B) Platters.


C) Plates.


D) Prints



Plates.

Plates that are fewer than 6 inches in width are known as –




A) Micro-plates.


B) Bars.


C) Tubes.


D) Shafts

Bars.



Bars are manufactured in what shape?




A) Square.


B) Round.


C) Triangular.


D) A and B.



A and B.

A steel structural component that has a square U-shaped cross-section is called a –




A) Channel.


B) Column.


C) Purlin.


D) Tee.

Channel.

A large hollow column built from steel plates is called a –




A) Box column.


B) Tube column.


C) Cylinder column.


D) All the above.



Box column.

A large girder, which is hollow, like a box column, and often use for highway bridges is called a –




A) Box joist.


B) Box girder.


C) Box support.


D) Box beam.



Box girder.



A wide flange beam that has been cut in half in a zig-zag pattern and then welded back together in an offset manner, creating a new, deeper beam is called a –




A) Zig-zag beam.


B) Engineered beam.


C) Castellated beam.


D) Reclaimed beam

Castellated beam.



Beams constructed in the shape of the letter "I" are known as –




A) Standard beams.


B) I-beams.


C) Main beams.


D) All the above.



I-beams.




Kind of hard to make this question tricky.



The top and bottom parts of I-beams are called -




A) Webs.


B) Flanges.


C) Rims.


D) Flares.

flanges

The center member of an I-beam is called the -




A) Web.


B) Stem.


C) Body.


D) Support.



web

Steel structural members that are made up of one solid piece of metal are called -




A) Rolled members.


B) Built-up members.


C) Modular members.


D) Continuous members.



Rolled members.

36) Steel structural members that are made up of sections riveted, bolted, or welded together are called -




A) Rolled members.


B) Built-up members.


C) Modular members.


D) Fragmented members.

Built-up members.

Beams set it right angles to trusses or roof rafters to provide support for lightweight roofing are called –




A) Brackets.


B) Struts.


C) Braces.


D) Purlins.

purlins

A girder built from steel plate with angles riveted on each side of the top and bottom to form flanges is often called a -




A) I-beam girder.


B) Platter girder.


C) Plate girder


D) Lattice column.

Plate girder



39) A column made of vertical units connected with diagonal pieces is called a –




A) Spandrel girder.


B) Truss column.


C) Open column.


D) Lattice column.

Lattice column.

Girders that tie wall columns together in a framed building are called –




A) Box girders.


B) Castellated beams.


C) Spandrel girders.


D) Wall girders.

Spandrel girders.

A standard I-beam cut lengthwise through the web and forms two such beams with T-shaped cross-sections is called a –




A) Tee.


B) T.


C) T-beam.


D) Tube.

tee

A tee where the end of the cutoff is thickened is called a –




A) Tapered tee.


B) Bulbtee.


C) Broad tee.


D) Thickset tee.



Bulbtee.

A steel structural member that is rolled in cylindrical, square, or rectangular shapes is called a –




A) Rod.


B) Tube.


C) Shaft.


D) Slab.

tube

I-beams that have flanges wider than standard I-beams are called –




A) Broad I-beams.


B) Expanded I-beams.


C) Broad flange shapes.


D) Wide flange shapes.

Wide flange shapes.

Members with a Z-shaped cross-section are called –




A) Zees. B) Angulated members. C) Slanted members. D) Oblique members.

zees

Which of the following is the abbreviation for channels?




A) C.


B) CH.


C) CL.


D) CN.

c

47) Which of the following is the abbreviation for castellated beams? A) CTB. B) CLB. C) CB. D) CG.

CB.

Which of the following is the abbreviation for angles? A) A. B) L. C) A>. D) AG.

L.

Which of the following is the abbreviation for American Standard (I-beam)? A) SA. B) AS. C) S. D) AM.

S

Which of the following is the abbreviation for wide flange beams and columns? A) WBC. B) WF. C) WFC. D) W.

W

Which of the following is the abbreviation for structural tees? A) WT. B) ST. C) T. D) STE.

WT

In addition to the use of abbreviations to label different shaped steel members, a set of numbers on architectural blueprints are used to designate a member of a specific size. What is the first number in the set refer to? A) The depth of the member in inches. B) The length of the member in feet. C) The weight of the member per foot of length in pounds. D) The temperature at which will cause distortion or failure of the member.

The depth of the member in inches.

In addition to the use of abbreviations to label different shaped steel members, a set of numbers on architectural blueprints are used to designate a member of a specific size. What is the second number in the set refer to? A) The depth of the member in inches. B) The length of the member in feet. C) The weight of the member per foot of length in pounds. D) The temperature at which will cause distortion or failure of the member.

The weight of the member per foot of length in pounds.

What would be the weight per foot length of a wide flange beam with the specifications of W 12 x 96? A) 12 pounds. B) 96 pounds. C) 84 pounds. D) 1152 pounds.

96 pounds.

The ___ the beam is, the larger the load it can carry. A) Longer. B) Deeper. C) Heavier. D) A and C.

DEEPER

In the case of angles, three numbers are used to identify the steel member. What do the first two numbers refer to? A) The nominal depths of the two legs. B) The thickness of the legs. C) The length of the legs. D) The weight of the legs.

The nominal depths of the two legs.

In the case of angles, three numbers are used to identify the steel member. What does the last number refer to? A) The nominal depths of the two legs. B) The thickness of the legs. C) The length of the legs. D) The weight of the legs.

The thickness of the legs.

Which of the following are important elements in the use of steel as a building material? A) The strength of the steel. B) The consistency of its structural characteristics. C) The ability of the steel to be connected to other structural elements so that loads can be adequately transferred. D) All the above.

All the above.

A joist that generally runs in the same direction as a beam and forms a lightweight, long-span system, used as floor supports and built-up roofing supports is called a – A) Ceiling joist. B) Floor joist. C) Bar joist. D) Long joist.

Bar joist.

Which of the following are considered a "cousin" to the arch and used to achieve wide clear spans? A) Ridge frames. B) Ridge poles. C) Purlins. D) Ridge joists.

Ridge frames.

Ridge frames can provide clear spans of about - A) 25 feet. B) 50 feet. C) 75 feet. D) 100 feet.

100 feet

62) The area of a structure can be increased indefinitely by using - A) I-beams. B) Y-shaped columns. C) Pilings. D) Stanchions

Y-shaped columns.

Prefab steel buildings are often referred to as ___ buildings regardless of the manufacturer. A) Higgins. B) Butler. C) Morrison. D) Saddleton

Butler.




They were originally manufactured by the Butler Company.

Originally, the lightweight steel-framed building was exclusively manufactured for -




A) Schools.


B) Churches.


C) Department stores.


D) Industrial use.

Industrial use




In recent years they have been used to construct schools, churches, and many other buildings.

A lightweight metal that is both malleable and nonmagnetic is – A) Brass. B) Iron. C) Aluminum. D) Steel.

Aluminum.



66) Void space made by utilizing deep parallel-chord trusses is called –




A) Tenantless space.


B) Vacant space.


C) Clear space.


D) Interstitial space.

Interstitial space.




A word borrowed from science. Normally means the space between cells.



A beam used to laterally relocate the vertical load of columns to clear an opening area is called a –




A) Transfer beam.


B) Relocation beam.


C) Relegation beam.


D) Transmittal beam

Transfer beam.

A noncombustible material often used for friable construction is called –




A) Cement-asbestos board. B) Fire-board. C) Flame-board. D) All the above.

Cement-asbestos board.

Friable construction is used where -




A) Combustible materials are stored.


B) Open flames are directly exposed to the room atmosphere.


C) Volatile chemicals are stored.


D) There is a possibility of explosion.



There is a possibility of explosion.

What is the trade name for cement-asbestos board that is often used as a generic name?




A) Firelite.


B) Transite.


C) Millite.


D) Fiberlite.

Transite.

A composite material made of plastic reinforced with glass fibers is called –




A) Polymer glass.


B) Polyglass.


C) Glass fiber-reinforced plastics.


D) Fiberglass reinforced plastics.

Glass fiber-reinforced plastics.

Which of the following statements regarding the properties of aluminum is not true?




A) Aluminum is noncombustible.


B) Aluminum has little mass per unit of area.


C) Aluminum has a high melting point.


D) Aluminum disintegrates rapidly in a fire.



Aluminum has a high melting point.




Aluminum has a low melting point.

Concrete panels that are precast and brought to the construction site are called –




A) Precast prestressed concrete panels.


B) Precast panels.


C) Prefab concrete panels.


D) Precast concrete pads.

Precast prestressed concrete panels.

The most common walls for unprotected steel-frame buildings are –




A) Galvanized steel walls.


B) Masonry walls.


C) Metal panels.


D) Asphalt asbestos protected metal.

Masonry walls.

Walls made of weatherized steel and can conduct heat easily are known as –




A) Galvanized steel walls.


B) Light-gauge steel-framed walls.


C) Metal panels.


D) Asphalt asbestos protected metal.



Galvanized steel walls.

76) Asphalt coating that is combustible and used as a weather-protective coating on galvanized walls is called –




A) Asphalt asbestos protected metal.


B) Light-gauge steel-framed walls.


C) Robertson protected metal (RPM).


D) A and C.

A and C.

A prefabricated metal structure that is often made up in a sandwich construction to provide one unit combining thermal insulation interior finish in a steel-framed structure is called –




A) Prefabricated thermal panel.


B) Metal panel.


C) Sandwich panel.


D) Thermal insulation panel.

Metal panel.

An exterior wall constructed with lightweight galvanize steel studs is called a –




A) Galvanized steel wall.


B) Light gauge steel-framed wall.


C) Robertson wall.


D) Stud wall.



Light gauge steel-framed wall.

The galvanized studs used in light gauge steel-framed walls are shaped like a(an) ___ and are held in place with U-shaped tracks on the top and bottom.




A) I.


B) E.


C) C.


D) U.

C.

The distance between the top of one window and the bottom of the one below is called the –




A) Spandrel space.


B) Interstitial space.


C) Lacuna.


D) Spread.

Spandrel space.



81) The type of construction in which the roof holds the tilted-up concrete wall panels in place is called –




A) Tilt slab construction.


B) Tilt-wall construction.


C) Tilt-up construction.


D) All the above.



All the above.

In tilt slab constructed buildings, why should firefighters make careful observations of the density and volume of the smoke?




A) Heavy smoke will indicate polyurethane insulation is involved in the fire.


B) Heavy smoke will indicate that the building is either not sprinklered or that the sprinklers are not keeping up with the fire.


C) Heavy smoke will indicate that there is a possible heavy fire load within the building.


D) Heavy smoke will indicate that the building is storing combustible liquids.

Heavy smoke will indicate that the building is either not sprinklered or that the sprinklers are not keeping up with the fire.




This would also indicate that the roof is vulnerable and may collapse.

Embossed steel that will transfer heat in either direction is called a –




A) Corrugated metal ceiling.


B) Metal deck ceiling.


C) Tin ceiling.


D) Stamped metal ceiling.



Tin ceiling.



84) In earlier years, ____ doors were commonly used on vaults, some of which still guard valuable governmental and private records today.




A) Sheet steel.


B) Tin.


C) Aluminum.


D) Cast iron.



Sheet steel.

A metal connection that allows for the movement of doors is called a –




A) Steel expansion coupling


B) Steel expansion junction.


C) Steel expansion joint.


D) Steel expansion fastener.

Steel expansion joint.

An upright partition that divides a ship into compartments and is meant to prevent the spread of leakage or fire is called a –




A) Breast wall.


B) Bulwark.


C) Bulkhead.


D) Revetment.

Bulkhead.

Steel will expand ___ in length for each 100°F rise in temperature.




A) 0.06 to 0.07%.


B) 0.08 to 0.10%.


C) 0.20 to 0.25%.


D) 0.35 to 0.40%.

0.06 to 0.07%.

When heated to 1000°F, a steel member will expand ___ over 100 feet.




A) 7½ inches.


B) 8½ inches.


C) 9½ inches.


D) 10½ inches.

9½ inches.

At what temperature will steel start to soften and fail depending on the load.




A) 900°F.


B) 1000°F.


C) 1100°F.


D) Unable to calculate unless the weight of the load is known.



1000°F.

Elongating steel exerts what type of force against the structure that retains it?




A) Horizontal force.


B) Vertical force.


C) Medial force.


D) Lateral force.



Lateral force.

At what temperature will steel lose strength rapidly?




A) 900°F.


B) 1000°F.


C) 1100°F.


D) 1200°F.

1000°F.

The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E-119 determined that steel reaches 1000°F in -




A) 3 minutes.


B) 5 minutes.


C) 8 minutes.


D) 10 minutes.

5 minutes.

Tests conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) determined that a typical basement fire reached 1500°F in -




A) 3 minutes.


B) 5 minutes.


C) 8 minutes.


D) 10 minutes.



5 minutes.




This was reflecting the presence of heavy plastics contributing to the fire load.



In standard fire tests of the fireproofing of steel columns determined that the column failed when the temperature of ___ is exceeded at one point.




A) 900°F.


B) 1000°F.


C) 1100°F.


D) 1200°F.

1200°F.

In standard fire tests of the fireproofing of steel columns determined that the column failed when the temperature of ___ is exceeded on the average in the column.




A) 900°F.


B) 1000°F.


C) 1100°F.


D) 1200°F.

1000°F.

In a fire equivalent to the standard fire test, a bar joist generally will fail in about –




A) 3 minutes.


B) 5 minutes.


C) 7 minutes.


D) 10 minutes.



7 minutes.

Fireproofing is sometimes found in low-rise multistory buildings and certain occupancies of ___ construction.




A) Type II.


B) Type III.


C) Type IV.


D) Type V.

Type II.

What is the term used to designate a building greater than the usual height from floor to ceiling?




A) Running story.


B) Long story.


C) Extended story.


D) One-high story.

One-high story.

99) What does the description one equals five mean?




A) The building has five stories.


B) The building is 50 years old.


C) The building is a one story building with the height equal to five ordinary stories.


D) There is a center stairwell that connects to five stories in the building.

The building is a one story building with the height equal to five ordinary stories.

) A horizontal beam that ties rows of soldier beams together is called a –




A) Waler.


B) Raker.


C) Sentry.


D) Strut.

WALER

Diagonal columns that brace an entire structure are called –




A) Strings.


B) Rakers.


C) Sentries.


D) Struts.

Rakers.

Building codes generally classified steel buildings as –




A) Unprotected noncombustible.


B) Protected noncombustible.


C) Fire retardant noncombustible.


D) A and B.

A and B.

The term protected noncombustible refers to all the following features except -




A) Protection through gypsum board.


B) Protection through a fire resistant board.


C) Protection through the use of spray-on fireproofing.


D) Protection through the installation of sprinklers.



Protection through the installation of sprinklers.

In some building codes, steel used to support roofs, usually ____ above the floor, do not require protection.




A) 10 to 20 feet.


B) 20 to 30 feet.


C) 30 to 40 feet.


D) 40 to 50 feet

20 to 30 feet.

Atria roofs over ___ do not require fire protection.




A) 25 feet.


B) 35 feet.


C) 45 feet.


D) 55 feet.

55 FEET

106) Embedded into the surface describes which of the following?




A) Lodged.


B) Peened.


C) Ingrained.


D) Set.

Peened.

Which of the following would be considered classes of calculated risk?




A) Financial or economic.


B) Engineering.


C) Forget it.


D) All the above.

All the above.

Which class of risk would you describe a noncombustible building that is slated for demolition within 5 years and electing not to install special fire protection?




A) Financial or economic.


B) Engineering.


C) Forget it.


D) All the above.

Financial or economic.

Which class of risk would you describe a noncombustible building in which the fire load is minimal, the combustion load is 2 pounds per square foot, and there is no apparent ignition source?




A) Financial or economic.


B) Engineering.


C) Forget it.


D) All the above.

Engineering.

Which class of risk would you describe a noncombustible building in which one takes into account the computer programmer's acronym GIGO - garbage in, garbage out?




A) Financial or economic.


B) Engineering.


C) Forget it.


D) All the above.

Forget it.

In recent years roofs constructed of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) have increased in popularity in Type II construction. These roofs are often called -




A) Plastic roofs.


B) Engineered roofs.


C) Rubber roofs.


D) Bonded roofs.

Rubber roofs.

The excepted term for a roof that meets a testing lab's (UL) standards for roofing resistant to the propagation of fire from building to building by flying brands is called a –




A) Approved roof.


B) Fire resistant roof.


C) Fireproof roof.


D) Tested roof.

Approved roof.

When a fire occurs below a combustible metal deck roof, the metal deck heats up. Tests have shown that a fire will occur if the temperature rises to ___ for 5 minute.




A) 500°F.


B) 600°F.


C) 700°F.


D) 800°F.

800°F.

Which of the following are legitimate solutions available to a builder of a combustible metal roof?




A) Use Factory Mutual Class I roofing or a UL Classified Roof.


B) Provide adequate automatic sprinkler protection for the roof.


C) Pour a concrete slab over the entire exposed surface of the roof.


D) A and B.

A and B.

It appears that a fire involving a metal deck roof can be controlled by the continuous application of water to the underside of the roof. Literally, the fire is being extinguished by -




A) Removing the heat.


B) Removing the fuel.


C) Limiting oxygen.


D) Disrupting the chain reaction.



Removing the fuel.




The water is being put directly on the steel thus cooling it and preventing the tar from forming volatile gases. This would be an example of removing the fuel according to Brannigan.



Steel structures can be divided into which of the following types?




A) Unprotected and dynamically protected.


B) Passively protected.


C) Passive/dynamic combination protection.


D) All the above.



All the above.

Which of the following types of steel structures can be extremely hazardous




A) Unprotected.


B) Passively protected.


C) Passive/dynamic combination protection.


D) Dynamically protected.

Unprotected.

Water supplies for spray systems designed to protect tanks and steel supports from flammable liquid spill fires are calculated on a requirement of ___ gallon per minute per square foot.




A) 0.15.


B) 0.25.


C) 0.35.


D) 0.45.

0.25.

Dynamic Fire Protection of steel is generally accomplished with -




A) Various types of automatic sprinkler systems.


B) Spray-on fire proofing.


C) Membrane protection.


D) B and C.

Various types of automatic sprinkler systems.

Passive Fire Protection of steel is generally accomplished with -




A) Various types of automatic sprinkler systems.


B) Spray-on fire proofing.


C) Membrane protection.


D) B and C.



B and C.



Passive/Dynamic Combination Protection of steel utilizes -




A) Various types of automatic sprinkler systems.


B) Spray-on fire proofing.


C) Membrane protection.


D) Combines partial static protection of the steel with automatic sprinklers.

Combines partial static protection of the steel with automatic sprinklers.

122) The radiant energy of a fire is proportional to the fourth power of the absolute temperature in Kelvin plus -




A) 356.


B) 428.


C) 459.


D) 523.

459.