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115 Cards in this Set

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Which of the following statements regarding wood is not correct?




A) Wood is combustible.


B) Wood construction creates combustible void spaces in which fire can hide, grow, and burst out.


C) The greater the density of the wooden member the greater volatility of the member.


D) Wood in thin sections can have a very rapid flame spread.




The greater the density of the wooden member the greater volatility of the member.


A building with exterior walls, interior walls, floors, and roofs made of combustible wood material is called –




A) Wood framed.


B) Wooden-walled building.


C) Wall bearing wooden building.


D) Wood shelled.




Wood framed.

A non-loadbearing wall that carries no weight other than it's own is called a –




A) Wall bearing.


B) Fire curtain.


C) Curtain wall.


D) Firewall.

Curtain wall.

A descriptor indicating a structure in which the entire structural load is carried on the walls; the opposite of curtain wall is called a -




A) Wall bearing. B) Core wall. C) Partition wall D) Firewall.

Wall bearing.

A wall-bearing building the carries the load of the structure and the contents is called a –




A) Wall bearing. building.


B) Interior supported building.


C) Partitioned walled building.


D) Wooden-walled building.



Wooden-walled building.

To cut off the corners of a timber to retard ignition is referred to as –




A) Miter.


B) Chamfer.


C) Dado.


D) Rabbet.

Chamfer.

A descriptor for lumber with tongues and grooves at the ends is known as –




A) End matched.


B) Book matched.


C) Mirrored.


D) End-grained joined.



End matched.

8) According to Brannigan, as it relates to his text, how does he defined engineered wood?




A) Timbers that have been laminated.


B) Wood that has been modified from its own natural state or lumber combined to make elements.


C) Timbers made from synthetic polymer products.


D) A and C.

Wood that has been modified from its own natural state or lumber combined to make elements.




The construction industry defines engineered wood as timber that has been laminated.



Planks glued together to form a solid timber are called –




A) Engineered timbers.


B) Articulated timbers.


C) Glued laminated timbers.


D) Joined timbers.

Glued laminated timbers.

Heavy timber is defined as lumber that is ___ or more in its smallest dimension.




A) 6 inches.


B) 8 inches.


C) 10 inches.


D) 12 inches.

8 inches.




Some building code definitions of heavy timber specify smaller dimensions.



Floor beams are known as –




A) Bolsters.


B) Stanchions.


C) Studs.


D) Joists.

Joists.

In terms of wood-frame construction, the use of solid wood members as opposed to lightweight wooden trusses and wooden I-joists are known as which type of construction?




A) Legacy construction.


B) Balloon frame construction.


C) Conventional construction.


D) Traditional construction.

Legacy construction.

Tongue and groove lumber is known as –




A) Mirrored lumber.


B) Matched lumber.


C) End matched lumber.


D) Book matched lumber.

Matched lumber.




Usually lengthwise.

Boards made of layers of strands of wood cut from logs with a fairly constant width-to-length ratio are called –




A) Wood lath.


B) Plywood.


C) Rough lumber.


D) Oriented strand board.



Oriented strand board.




Abbreviated 0SB.

Layers of wood veneer laid in different directions, and glued together under pressure is called –




A) Oriented flake board.


B) Plywood.


C) Particle board.


D) Oriented strand board.

Plywood.

Lumber that is left as sawn on all four sides is called –




A) Natural lumber.


B) Yard sawn.


C) Rough lumber.


D) Milled lumber.

Rough lumber.

Wooden strips that fit into the grooves in two adjacent planks to make a tight floor are called –




A) Splines.


B) Tenons.


C) Dados.


D) Dovetails.



Splines.

Columns in frame buildings, usually nominal 2 x 4" or 2 x 6" are called –




A) Pillars.


B) Beams.


C) Studs.


D) Struts.



Studs.

Narrow, rough strips of wood mailed to studs are called –




A) Crossbars.


B) Lath.


C) Cross members.


D) Crosspieces.



Lath.




Plaster is usually spread on laths. Rarely seen in new construction, but present on existing buildings.



The type of construction in which the structure is created from entire tree trunks as opposed to boards sawn from trees is called –




A) Post and frame.


B) Log cabin.


C) Plank and beam.


D) Post and beam.

Log cabin

Where did the log cabin style originate from?




A) In the U.S. created by Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett.


B) On the East coast from designs from Sweden.


C) On the West coast from designs from Russia.


D) B and C.

B and C.




Davy Crockett was born in 1796, while Daniel Boone was born in 1734 and neither had anything to do with the design of the log cabin.



A wood-frame structure with an identifiable frame or skeleton of timber fitted together is called -




A) Post and frame.


B) Balloon frame.


C) Plank and beam.


D) Truss frame.



Post and frame.

Which type of joinery is used to construct post and frame structures?




A) Box joints.


B) Mortise and tenon.


C) Dovetails.


D) Shiplaps.

Mortise and tenon.

The mortise and tenon joints of a post and frame structure our pinned using wooden pegs called -




A) Pins.


B) Pegs.


C) Trunnels.


D) Wood nails.





Trunnels.




The word trunnel is a New England term for wood nail.



In the 1920s, many balloon-frame houses were built with an exterior finish to resemble post and frame construction. They were called –




A) English Tudor.


B) Gothic Revival.


C) French Colonial.


D) Folk Victorian.



English Tudor.



A wooden structure in which all vertical studs in the exterior bearing walls extend the full height of the frame from sill to roof is called –




A) Platform frame.


B) Balloon frame.


C) Plank and beam.


D) Truss frame.

Balloon frame.




There are no firestops present within the walls.



Which construction type became an almost universal construction method for multistory wooden buildings until the middle of the 1900s?




A) Platform frame.


B) Balloon frame.


C) Plank and beam.


D) Truss frame.

Balloon frame.




There are no firestops present within the walls.



Where in a balloon frame constructed building would you consider to be the worst place for a fire to start?




A) The basement.


B) The ground floor.


C) The second floor.


D) The attic.

The basement.




The fire in the basement will move quickly up to the top of the structure and into the attic.



A mineral used as a bulk insulation and as an aggregate in insulating is called –




A) Stone aggregate.


B) Perlite.


C) Vermiculite.


D) Clay aggregate.



Vermiculite.



A structure in which subflooring is laid on the joists, and the frame for the first-floor walls is erected on the first floor is known as -




A) Platform frame.


B) Balloon frame.


C) Plank and beam.


D) Truss frame

Platform frame.



There are no firestops present within the walls.





31) Laid on top of joists, the structural member that serves as the base for the finish floor is called the –




A) Cross floor.


B) Subflooring.


C) Base floor.


D) Primary floor.



Subflooring.

A false space above built-in cabinets, usually in the kitchen, or in the undersides of stairways and projecting eaves is called a –




A) Overhang.


B) Soffit.


C) Cockloft.


D) Rim.



Soffit.



The term that refers to all the wood framing members and sheathing of a building is called -




A) Rough carpentry.


B) Framing.


C) Skeleton.


D) A and B.



A and B.



The component found on the bottom of the frame of a wood structure is called the -




A) Crosspiece.


B) Footer plank.


C) Crossbar.


D) Sill.

Sill.




It rests on and is bolted to the foundation.



Floor joists are usually spaced ___ on center.




A) 16 to 18 inches.


B) 16 to 24 inches.


C) 18 to 20 inches.


D) 18 to 24 inches.

16 to 24 inches.



Braces place between parallel-frame members to prevent movement from their vertical axis are known as -




A) Bridging.


B) Cross-bridging.


C) Brackets.


D) Cross-bracing.

Bridging.




Also called cross-bracing.



Bridging is placed between the ___ to keep them erect and help share the loading placed on the floor.




A) Studs.


B) Joists.


C) Headers.


D) Sills.

Joists.

A joist that parallels floor/roof beams and is used to create an opening is called a –




A) Bottom plate.


B) Top plate.


C) Trimmer.


D) Header.



Header.



A piece of lumber that supports a header that can be found in floor openings such as stairwells is called a -




A) Bottom plate.


B) Top plate.


C) Trimmer.


D) Rafter.

Trimmer.




It runs perpendicular to the floor joists.



A structural member laid on the subfloor where the vertical studs are installed is called a –




A) Top plate.


B) Bottom plate.


C) Rafter.


D) Stringer.

Bottom plate.

The top horizontal member of a wood frame wall that supports the ceiling joists is called a –




A) Top plate.


B) Bottom plate.


C) Rafter.


D) Stringer.

Top plate.

Wood members used to support the roof sheeting and loads are called -




A) Struts.


B) Columns.


C) Rafters.


D) Girders.



Rafters.

The structural member placed on the ridge of the roof onto which the upper end of rafters are fastened is called the –




A) Stringer.


B) Peak board.


C) Roof board.


D) Ridge board.





Ridge board.




Sometimes called ridge pole.



The lower slope formed by the connection of two inclined planes of a roof is called the –




A) Valley.


B) Vortex.


C) Trench.


D) Pond.

Valley.



The component of a set of stairs used to support risers and treads is called the -




A) Stair supports.


B) Step frames.


C) Stringers.


D) Strips.



Stringers.



The taller the riser -




A) The smaller the tread.


B) The steeper the set of stairs.


C) The larger the tread.


D) A and B.

A and B.



Used in modern construction, a wood-frame structure built with heavier beams that are spaced much farther apart than the traditional 16 inches is called -




A) Balloon frame.


B) Plank and beam.


C) Platform frame.


D) Post in frame.

Plank and beam.

From a firefighting standpoint, what is the advantage of plank and beam construction?




A) It reduces the volume of concealed space in which the fire can burn.


B) The planks and beams are made from fire resistive materials.


C) There are fewer vertical openings.


D) All the above.

It reduces the volume of concealed space in which the fire can burn.



What is the weight of the Empire State Building per cubic foot?




A) 8 pounds.


B) 12 pounds.


C) 18 pounds.


D) 23 pounds.

23 pounds.

Most modern high rise buildings weigh ___ per cubic foot.




A) 8 pounds.


B) 12 pounds.


C) 18 pounds.


D) 23 pounds.

8 pounds.

The truss satisfies all of the following building requirements except -




A) It is lighter in weight than solid construction, thus reducing the weight of supporting walls or columns.


B) It provides long clear spans, thus giving maximum flexibility in the use of the space.


C) Many trusses, such as lightweight wood trusses and steel bar joists, can be delivered prefabricated.


D) It reduces fire spread more effectively than more traditional building materials.

It reduces fire spread more effectively than more traditional building materials.




It does not hold up well under fire conditions.

Lightweight wood trusses have been in general use since the –




A) 1950s.


B) 1960s.


C) 1970s.


D) 1980s.

1960s.

Interlocking wood pieces that are glued together to create a longer piece of dimensional lumber are called –




A) Finger joints.


B) Dovetail joints.


C) Box joints.


D) Half-blind dovetails.



Finger joints.

Metal gusset plates used in truss floor construction dig into the wood approximately –




A) 1/4 inch.


B) 3/8 inch.


C) 1/2 inch.


D) 5/8 inch.



3/8 inch.



Ordinarily, what outward indications are shown to firefighters to indicate that a structure is made with the truss floor construction?




A) A prominent gap between the ground floor ceiling and the second story floor.


B) The sound when a tool is deflected off the surface of the floor.


C) There are no outward indications of its presence.


D) A and B.

There are no outward indications of its presence.




The only solution is for the fire department to preplan, record, and retrieve construction information on the fire ground.



During a fire, what subtle indications may be present to firefighters to indicate that a floor is made of truss construction?




A) Smoke pushing through the wall at the floor line.


B) Fire pushing through the wall at the floor line.


C) Intense heat radiating up from the floor.


D) A and B.

A and B.




This is less likely to be apparent in a brick veneer building. Exterior sheeting of the building plays an important role in whether this effect is visible.

In truss constructed buildings, when can firefighters predict when a failure is imminent?




A) If the fire has been burning for 15 minutes.


B) If the fire has been burning for 10 minutes.


C) If the fire has been burning for 5 minutes.


D) Nobody can predict when a failure will occur.



Nobody can predict when a failure will occur.




This is a Branniganism. Firefighters do not belong on or under burning trusses. Nobody can predict when they will fail.



How should roofs constructed with lightweight wood trusses be ventilated?




A) At the peak of the roof over the seat of the fire.


B) Horizontally from the highest windows in the structure.


C) Using an aerial device such as a tower ladder.


D) All the above.



Using an aerial device such as a tower ladder.




Never step on a roof made of lightweight wood trusses during a fire. You never know when it will fail.



A void space located between the top floor ceiling and the roof of a truss roof system is called the –




A) Cockloft.


B) Trussloft.


C) Truss void.


D) All the above.

All the above.



Which of the following statements is not true?




A) In legacy construction, each joist acts as a fire stop.


B) Truss voids provide a smaller area for CO gases to accumulate over legacy construction.


C) Legacy construction is far stronger and holds up better under fire conditions than lightweight wood truss construction.


D) Voids are almost invariably interconnected horizontally and vertically by utility pathways in truss construction.



Truss voids provide a smaller area for CO gases to accumulate over legacy construction.




The use of trusses provides a huge increase in the volume of concealed voids in any structure.



The generation an accumulation of CO in void spaces is not well recognized by the fire service. Besides having poor access to such spaces, what should firefighters be particularly aware of when fighting fires in truss constructed buildings?




A) The accumulation of toxic gases within the truss void.


B) The explosiveness of the carbon monoxide within the enclosed truss void.


C) The source and cause of the fire.

A and B.



NFPA states that any exposure in which the product of concentration, in parts per million, X the duration, in minutes, = ____ is likely to be dangerous.




A) 33,000.


B) 42,000.


C) 46,000.


D) 48,000.

33,000

A ___ exposure to 3,500 ppm of CO would be hazardous and possibly incapacitating.




A) 5-minute.


B) 10-minute.


C) 15-minute.


D) 20-minute.



10-minute.



At what minimum concentration of CO would be fatal after only a few breaths?




A) 8,200.


B) 11,000.


C) 12,500.


D) 14,500.

12,500.

The flammability range of CO is from –




A) 12.5 to 74%.


B) 13.8 to 76%.


C) 14.9 to 74%


D) 15.2 to 76%.



12.5 to 74%.



The ignition temperature of CO is –




A) 1,008 degrees F.


B) 1,028 degrees F.


C) 1,128 degrees F.


D) 1,328 degrees F.

1,128 degrees F.



What is the Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Arise Residential Occupancies?




A) NFPA 13.


B) NFPA 13D.


C) NFPA 13E.


D) NFPA 13R.



NFPA 13R.



What is the purpose of sprinkler systems and low-rise residential occupancies?




A) To prevent flashover.


B) To save lives.


C) To permit the occupants to escape.


D) All the above.

All the above.



A wooden beam sawn out of a tree trunk is called a –




A) Sawn beam.


B) True beam.


C) Natural beam.


D) All the above.

Sawn beam.




To some extent, these beams have been replaced by wooden I-beams due to the weight and cost of the true wooden beam.



70) The modern I-shaped beam uses ___ boards for the upper and lower flanges of the beam.




A) 2 x 3-inch.


B) 2 x 4-inch.


C) 2 x 6-inch.


D) 2 x 8-inch.

2 x 4-inch.



The modern I-shaped beam uses ___ boards for the web.




A) 2 x 8-inch spruce.


B) Laminated hardwood.


C) Shaved fir.


D) OSB.

OSB.

The present-day versions of the webs used for I-beam joists are glued together using phenol and resorcinol formaldehydes, and manufactured in lengths up to -




A) 20 feet.


B) 40 feet.


C) 60 feet.


D) 80 feet.

60 feet.



Which of the following can be considered the most dangerous structural members facing firefighters today?




A) Lightweight wood trusses.


B) Wood I-beams.


C) Gambrel roofs.


D) A and B.



A and B.

At a fire scene, who should be extremely wary of lightweight construction when it comes to ascertaining the location and extent of the fire and understanding the potential for collapse?




A) Company officers.


B) Incident commanders.


C) Interior attack firefighters.


D) All firefighters at the scene.

All firefighters at the scene.

Developed by the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, which type of wood frame construction substitutes sawn beams for truss members used in roofs and floors?




A) Truss frame.


B) Wood frame.


C) Lightweight frame.


D) Floating frame.



Truss frame.




It is held together with nails.

The chief advantage of truss frame construction is –




A) Strength.


B) Fire resistance.


C) Speed.


D) Longevity.



Speed.

The truss floor void is known as the -




A) Floor cockloft.


B) Trussloft.


C) Floorloft.


D) Flatloft

Trussloft.

Which of the following limits the spread of fire by preventing the movement of flame, hot gases, and smoke to other areas of the building?




A) Firestopping.


B) Draftstopping


C) Convection-stopping.


D) A and B.



A and B.



Which of the following typically limits the vertical movement of fire through relatively small, concealed passages such as under stairs and inside walls?




A) Firestopping.


B) Draftstopping


C) Convection-stopping.


D) A and B.

Firestopping.

Which of the following typically limits the horizontal movement of fire through large concealed passages such as open-web floor trusses and attics?




A) Firestopping.


B) Draftstopping


C) Convection-stopping.


D) A and B.

Draftstopping



Draftstopping material may consist of all but which of the following?




A) 1/2-inch gypsum board.


B) 3/8-inch plywood.


C) Sheet metal.


D) 2-inch nominal lumber.

2-inch nominal lumber.

Firestopping material consists of which of the following?




A) At least 2-inch nominal lumber.


B) Two thicknesses of 1-inch nominal lumber with broken lap joints.


C) 23/32-inch plywood or other approved material.


D) All the above.



All the above.

Firestopping installed with no other purpose other than to meet the requirements of a code is called -




A) Inherent firestopping.


B) Legal firestopping.


C) Conventional firestopping.


D) Enforced firestopping.

Legal firestopping.



Fire stopping installed as a result of normal building construction is called -




A) Inherent firestopping.


B) Legal firestopping.


C) Conventional firestopping.


D) Enforced firestopping.

Inherent firestopping.



The lack of firestopping on a ___ is sufficient to transmit fire all the way from the basement to the attic.




A) 2 square foot area.


B) 2 linear foot area.


C) 3 linear foot area.


D) Single stud.

Single stud.

According to Brannigan, the practice of using firestopping in building construction is -




A) More prevalent on the West coast than it is on the East coast.


B) More prevalent on the East coast than it is on the West coast.


C) Widely implemented on both the East and West coasts.


D) Unsatisfactory on both the East and West coasts.

Unsatisfactory on both the East and West coasts.



Which of the following statements is true?




A) Wood cannot be made fireproof or noncombustible.


B) Wood can be made fireproof if treated with cement-like products.


C) Wood can be made noncombustible if treated with cement-like products.


D) Wood can be made noncombustible if impregnated with mineral salts.

Wood cannot be made fireproof or noncombustible.




Wood can be made fire retardant by impregnating it with mineral salts.



According to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), pressure treated lumber -




A) Can significantly increase wood's flame spread.


B) Can significantly reduce wood's flame spread.


C) Can slightly increase wood's flame spread.


D) Can slightly reduce wood's flame spread.





Can significantly reduce wood's flame spread.

One of the major problems with surface intumescent coating is the tendency for -




A) The coating to swell when heated.


B) The coating to contract when heated.


C) It to be spread too thin when applied.


D) It to be spread too thick when applied.

It to be spread too thin when applied.




The intumescent coating should swell when heated.

What is the basic problem with plywood when it is exposed to fire?




A) It delaminates.


B) It releases toxic gases.


C) It is combustible.


D) It increases the amount of smoke generated by the fire.



It delaminates.




When plywood delaminates, it increases the surface area and the rate of heat release.

The type of lumber that is manufactured by joining wood members together by various medal connectors to transfer loads as a single member is called -




A) Meshed timber.


B) interlaced timber.


C) Spliced timber.


D) Braced timber.

Spliced timber.




Under fire conditions, these metal connectors can destroy the wood causing the timber to fail.



Wooden chips that are glued together to make flat sheets are called -




A) Chipboards.


B) Flakeboards.


C) Shavingboards.


D) Sliverboards.



Chipboards.




They're often used for the floors of mobile homes.



A composite of a steel plate or plywood sandwiched between two beams is called a -




A) Laminated steel girder.


B) Laminated plate girder.


C) Flitch plate girder.


D) Laminated plate beam.

Flitch plate girder.



The covering that is applied to the studs or framing of a structure is called -




A) Wrapper.


B) Sleeve.


C) Casing


D) Sheathing

Sheathing.



Combustible siding laid over the sheathing of a building is called –




A) Veneer.


B) Novelty siding.


C) Facing.


D) Cladding.

Novelty siding.



Novelty siding is often called -




A) Clapboards.


B) Shingles.


C) Shakes.


D) Stucco.

Clapboards.



The type of siding that uses vertical strips of wood to cover joints is called –




A) Battens.


B) Braces.


C) Rails.


D) Lashes.

Battens.

What would you be describing if you were to use T1-11 in the construction of a building?




A) Clapboards.


B) Shakes.


C) Shingles.


D) Plywood siding.



Plywood siding.

Plywood siding is delivered in ___-wide sheets.




A) 3 foot.


B) 4 foot.


C) 5 foot.


D) 8 foot.





4 foot.

) What are longer thicker shingles called?




A) Clads.


B) Claps.


C) Shakes.


D) Planks.

Shakes

) A thermoplastic that will deform and drip when introduced in a fire situation and is often manufactured to look like wood siding is called -




A) Aluminum siding.


B) Vinyl siding.


C) Asbestos cement shingles.


D) Polypropylene siding.



Vinyl siding.



A type of siding manufactured by saturating a dry felt with asphalt, then coating it with fine glass fiber is called -




A) Fiberglass siding.


B) Felt siding.


C) Asphalt siding.


D) Asphalt felt siding.

Asphalt felt siding.



Which of the following is often referred to as "gasoline siding?"




A) Fiberglass siding.


B) Vinyl siding.


C) Asbestos cement shingles.


D) Asphalt felt siding.



Asphalt felt siding.



104) A fireproof roofing shingle that is composed of cement reinforced with asbestos fibers is called -




A) Asbestos cement shingles.


B) Asbestos cement shakes.


C) Cement shingles.


D) Cement shakes.

Asbestos cement shingles.

A type of siding that is often made to look like another type of siding, for example, stone or clapboards is known as –




A) Corrugated metal siding.


B) Stucco siding.


C) Metal siding.


D) Vinyl siding.

Metal siding.

Grooved panels utilized on industrial buildings of wood or steel framing are called –




A) Corrugated metal siding.


B) Aluminum siding.


C) Metal siding.


D) Steel siding.

Corrugated metal siding.




These panels pose an electrical hazard from stray wires or lightning.



An exterior plaster finish made of Portland cement used on the outside of buildings is called –




A) Mucilage.


B) Stucco.


C) Brick veneer.


D) A and B.

Stucco.

How many wythes are used in a brick veneer wall?




A) 1.


B) 2.


C) 3.


D) 4.

1.

The chemical decomposition of a compound into one or more other substances by heat alone is called –




A) Pyrolytic decay.


B) Pyrolytic putrefaction


C) Pyrolytic decomposition.


D) Pyrolytic dissolution.



Pyrolytic decomposition.





110) What is the NFPA Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Roof Coverings?




A) NFPA 255.


B) NFPA 256.


C) NFPA 257.


D) NFPA 258.

NFPA 256.

Roofing materials are classified as all but which of the following?




A) A.


B) B.


C) C.


D) D.

D.

Which of the following is (are) rated as the least fire resistant roofing material?




A) A.


B) B.


C) C.


D) A and B.



C.

Wood shingles are available in which of the following fire resistive standard grades?




A) A.


B) B.


C) C.


D) All the above.

All the above.

Bundles of wood shingles are rated and labeled, but not individual shingles. How can you tell if a wood shingle has been treated?




A) They have a slight gloss appearance.


B) They are darker in color than untreated shingles.


C) They are resistant to weathering.


D) You can't tell if they have been treated simply by looking at them.

You can't tell if they have been treated simply by looking at them.



Clay tile roofs were particularly popular in the -




A) 1920s and 1930s.


B) 1930s and 1940s.


C) 1940s and 1950s.


D) 1950s and 1960s.

1920s and 1930s.