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3 Cards in this Set

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What is Bowlby's theory?

. Attachment theory - separation and loss


. Importance of primary bond with mother



. Need to form attachments is innate/biological . First five years of a child's life most important . If maternal bond is broken child will suffer from maternal deprivation



. First five years of a child's life most important . If maternal bond is broken child will suffer from maternal deprivation


. If maternal bond is broken child will suffer from maternal deprivation



. Future mental health depends on the success of the attachment in first few months


. When infants are separated from their mothers they become distressed and anxious


. Prolonged separation in the first 2 - 5 years causes the child loss and grief - goes in to despair, withdraws and detaches


. Complete deprivation is no attachment being formed


. Age of child - length of separation - degree of deprivation


. Partial deprivation when introduced to substitute mother

Bowlby's research methods

. Based on 44 juvenile thieves


. Maternal deprivation leads to delinquency


. Only studied children who displayed delinquent behaviour


. No control or comparison - biased


. Observational work of Joyce and James Robertson on children in residential care - John - Distress, Despair - Detachment

Criticisms of Bowlby

. Narrow focus on relationship with mother


. Ignore importance of other relationships


. Role of women traditional


. Made them feel guilty if they left their child


. Ignored possibility of child developing a number of attachments


. Secure attachment does not require constant contact with mother+baby


. Attachment to not always present at bit but may emerge


. Children deprived of mothers can have a strong attached with each other (residential)


. Emotional disturbance and antisocial behaviour can be influenced by home circumstances - not necessarily the separation from the mother (Rutter)