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129 Cards in this Set

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In what year was Château Mouton-Rothschild elevated to 1st Growth, eliminating a "historic injustice"?
1973
Who commissioned the 1855 Classification of Bordeaux?
Emperor Napoleon III
Explain the Cru Artisan classification.
Cru Artisan is a designation that has been in use for nearly a century and a half, but was formally recognized in 2002. From the 2005 vintage forward, 44 small producers throughout the Médoc’s appellations have the right to use the designation, denoting their place as exceptional stewards of the land and craft of winemaking, without the financing or apparatus of large-scale operations. Vineyards are between 1 and 5 hectares in size.
What are croupes?
Gravel mounds
What are jalles?
Drainage Canals in Bordeaux mainly in the Bas-Medoc
Name the five villages of the communal Margaux AOP.


  1. Margaux
  2. Cantenac
  3. Labarde
  4. Arsac
  5. Soussans

All these villages are within the boundaries of the Margaux AOP. Soussans is the furthest North and tiny. Then Margaux begins, followed by Cantenac and then Labarde. Arsac lies away from the Gironde on the other side of Cantenac and Labarde.

In which AOP is Château Chasse-Spleen located?
Moulis-en-Medoc AOP
Name the last three vintages in which Château d'Yquem did not produce a Sauternes AOP?
2012, 1992, 1974
What is "Y"? or "Ygrec"?
A Dry white wine produced by Château d'Yquem in some years. Equal proportions Semillon and Sauv Blanc
What is "Créme de Tête"? What is the current release? What is special about it?
Famous wine of unclassified Sauternes (Preignac) Château Gillette. Current release is 1990. Aged for decades in large cement vats before release.
Where would you find "crasse de fer"?
Pomerol AOP, whose soil is sand, clay and gravel, with a subsoil of iron pan and rich clay known as "crasse de fer"
Name five top estates of Pomerol AOP.
1. Château Pétrus
2. Vieux-Château-Certan
3. Château Lafleur
4. Château Le Pin
5. Château Trotanoy
6. Château l'Evangile
Name the four satellite appellations of Saint-Émilion AOP. Where do they lie in relation to Saint-Emilion?
They lie to the North of Saint-Emilion and lie rougly West to East in this order:
1. Montagne
2. St-Georges
3. Lussac
4. Puisseguin

What is the "Bordeaux mixture" and what does is its purpose?

It is a mixture of lime, copper sulfate, and water used to combat fungal problems.

What are the minimum ABVs for red and white wines from the basic Bordeaux AOP?

Blanc: 10%


Rouge: 10.5%

What is the minimum ABV for red and white wines from the Bordeaux Supérieur AOP?

Blanc: 12% (11% acquired, 1% more than Bordeaux AOP)


Rouge: 11% (it rises only 0.5% from the basic Bordeaux AOP)

What style of wine is made in Bordeaux Supérieur AOP? What is the minimum RS allowed in Bordeaux Supérieur AOP?

17g/l

What is Pressac?

An alternative name for Malbec on the right bank of Bordeaux, hardly used anymore

What other AOPs does the Médoc AOP encompass? What region of land is covered by the Médoc AOP that the Haut-Médoc AOP doesn't cover?

Everything north of the city of Bordeaux and on the Left Bank. Haut-Médoc, Margaux, Saint Julien, Saint Estephe, Pauillac, Moulis, Listrac-Médoc.




The Médoc AOP, in addition to all the land covered by the Haut-Médoc AOP, also covers the Bas-Médoc. Consequently, most producers using the Médoc AOP are producing from the humble water-logged clay soils of the Bas-Médoc. Merlot-dominant blends.

Name all the appellations that a bottle of Château Talbot is entitled to.

St. Julien AOP


Haut-Médoc AOP


Médoc AOP


Bordeaux Supérieur AOP


Bordeaux AOP

What is the smallest of the major commune AOPs in the left bank of Bordeaux?

St-Julien

Château La Lagune is in what commune of Bordeaux? What growth is it?

Ludon in the southern Médoc, Third Growth. Lies immediately south of the Margaux AOP along the river. Cantemerle in the village of Macau is immediately North between Ludon and Labarde, which is the southernmost part of the Margaux AOP.

Château Cantemerle is in what commune of Bordeaux?

Macau in the southern Médoc. 5th Growth. Lies immediately south of the Margaux AOP commune of Labarde.

What is the Cru Artisan classification and when was it formalized?

This classification recognized 44 producers as exceptional stewards of the land and craft of winemaking despite lacking the financial backing of larger chateaux. It was formalized in 2002. It has been unofficially used for over a century though.

Which commune of the Médoc boasts the most classified growths?

Margaux with 21 classified growths. They account for about 70% of its terroir.

In what commune is Château Chasse-Spleen located?

Moulis-en-Médoc

In what commune is Château Poujeaux located?

Moulis-en-Médoc

What are the classified growths of St. Estephe?

  1. Château Cos d'Estournel (2nd)
  2. Château Montrose (2nd)
  3. Château Calon-Segur (3rd)
  4. Château Lafon-Rochet (4th)
  5. Château Cos-Labory (5th)

What are the classified growths of Saint Julien?

  1. Château Léoville-Las Cases (2nd)
  2. Château Léoville-Poyferré (2nd)
  3. Château Léoville-Barton (2nd)
  4. Château Gruaud-Larose (2nd)
  5. Château Ducru-Beaucaillou (2nd)
  6. Château Lagrange (3rd)
  7. Château Langoa-Barton (3rd)
  8. Château Beychevelle (4th)
  9. Château Branaire-Ducru (4th)
  10. Château Talbot (4th)
  11. Château Saint-Pierre (4th)

Château de Pez, Château Ormes de Pez, and Château Phelan-Segur are all located within which commune of Bordeaux?

St. Estephe

Within which commune of the Médoc is Château Gloria located?

Saint-Julien

Can white wines be made under the Médoc AOP?

No, only rouge. Which makes it distinct from the generic Graves AOP which does allow regional whites.

When was the Pessac-Leognan AOP created?

1987

When was the Classification of Graves formalized?

In 1953, ten chateau were classified and then another six were added in 1959.

What are the communes of Pessac-Léognan AOP?

  1. Mérignac
  2. Pessac*
  3. Talence*
  4. Canéjan
  5. Gradignan
  6. Villenave d'Ornons*
  7. Cadaujac*
  8. Léognan*
  9. Martillac*
  10. Saint Médard-d'Eyrans

*These communes include classified Châteaux

Which AOP surrounds the city of Bordeaux?

Pessac-Léognan AOP

Which commune in the Pessac-Léognan AOP has the most classified Château? Can you name all six?

Léognan





  1. Domaine de Chevalier (R&W)
  2. Château Carbonnieux (R&W)
  3. Château de Fieuzal (Red only)
  4. Château Olivier (R&W)
  5. Château Malartic Lagraviére (R&W)
  6. Château Haut-Bailly (Red only)



All the classified producers in Leognan are classified for red wine, and most for Red and White)

What classified Château are located in the commune of Pessac?


  1. Château Haut-Brion (Red Only)
  2. Château Pape-Clément (Red Only)

What Château are located in the commune of Talence (which lies right outside of Pessac)?

  1. Château La Mission Haut-Brion (Red only)
  2. Château Laville Haut-Brion (White only...now defunct and production goes into La Mission's white wine)
  3. Château La Tour-Haut-Brion (Red Only...now defunct and production goes into the second wine of La Mission Haut-Brion

Château Lafite-Rothschild also owns what Premiere Cru Classe Sauternes estate?

Château Rieussec (Fargues)

Which two classified Graves producers are located in the Villenave d'Ornons commune?


  1. Château Couhins (White only)
  2. Château Couhins-Lurton (White Only)

Name the classified estates of Graves for both red and white wines.

  1. Château Bouscaut (Cadaujac)
  2. Château Carbonnieux (Léognan)
  3. Domaine de Chevalier (Léognan)
  4. Château Malartic-Lagraviére (Léognan)
  5. Château Latour-Martillac (Martillac)
  6. Château Olivier (Léognan)

Name the classified estates of Graves for red wines.

  1. Château de Fieuzal (Léognan)
  2. Château Haut-Bailly (Léognan)
  3. Château Haut-Brion (Pessac)
  4. Château La Mission-Haut-Brion (Talence)
  5. Château La Tour-Haut-Brion (Talence)
  6. Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte (Martillac)
  7. Château Pape-Clément (Pessac)
  8. Château Bouscaut (Cadaujac)
  9. Château Carbonnieux (Léognan)
  10. Domaine de Chevalier (Léognan)
  11. Château Malartic-Lagraviére (Léognan)
  12. Château Latour-Martillac (Martillac)
  13. Château Olivier (Léognan)

Name the classified estates of Graves for white wines.

  1. Château Couhins (Villenave d'Ornons)
  2. Château Couhins-Lurton (Villenave d'Ornons)
  3. Château Laville Haut-Brion (Talence)

Name the three major rivers in Bordeaux. Differentiate them geographically.

  1. Gironde (The Garonne and Dordogne are tributaries to this estuary, which is often falsely called a river)
  2. Garonne (the southern of the two Gironde tributaries
  3. Dordogne (the northern of the two Gironde tributaries)

Graves Supérieures AOP is for what style of wines?

Dessert Style Botrytis and/or passerillage affected wines

What is the minimum RS of Graves Supérieures AOP? Compare that to the whites of Bordeaux Supérieur

34g/L for Graves Supérieures


17g/L for Bordeaux Supérieures

What is the scientific name for botrytis? What is the french name for noble rot?

Botrytis Cinerea


Pourriture Noble

Sauternes lies at the conflux of what two rivers?

Ciron and Garonne

What five villages does the Sauternes AOP cover?

  1. Sauternes
  2. Fargues
  3. Preignac
  4. Bommes
  5. Barsac

Château Climens could potentially be labelled as what different AOPS?


  1. Barsac AOP
  2. Sauternes AOP
  3. Graves Supérieures AOP
  4. Bordeaux Superieur AOP

What is the minimum must weight of Sauternes, Cérons, and Barsac AOPs? How much RS must they contain?

Must Weight: 221g/L (Compare to Alsace which is much higher with Riesling/Muscat at 235g/L and PG/Gewurz at 257g/L for VT and 276g/L and 306g/L for SGN respectively)




Residual Sugar: 45g/L (compare to Graves Supérieures with 34g/L and Bordeaux Superieur with 17g/L)

Place the following dessert wine AOPs in order of their position on the Garonne River from downstream to upstream: Barsac AOP, Cérons AOP, Sauternes AOP

Going upstream on the Garonne River:

Cérons AOP


Barsac AOP


Sauternes AOP


True or False: Hand-harvesting is required in Cérons AOP, Barsac AOP, Sauternes AOP

True. Hand-harvesting in tries is required.

What are the four subzones of the Côtes de Bordeaux AOP?

  1. Blaye
  2. Cadillac
  3. Castillon
  4. Francs

What are the five dessert wine AOPS on the Eastern shore of the Garonne?

  1. Loupiac AOP
  2. Ste-Croix-du-Mont AOP
  3. Cadillac AOP
  4. Côtes de Bordeaux-Saint-Macaire AOP
  5. Premiéres Côtes de Bordeaux AOP

Compare the minimum RS of all the dessert wine appellations in Bordeaux.

  • Bordeaux Superieur: 17g/L
  • Graves Supérieures/Premiéres Côtes de Bordeaux: 34g/L
  • Cérons/Barsac/Sauternes/Loupiac/Sainte-Croix-du-Mont/Côte de Bordeaux-Saint-Macaire "Liquoreux": 45g/L
  • Cadillac: 51g/L

Côtes de Blaye AOP is reserved for what style of wines made from what varieties?

Whites only. (Blaye AOP is for the reds)




Blanc Sec: 60-90% combined Colombard and Ugni Blanc; plus Muscadelle, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, and Sémillon

What are the four satellite appellations of St. Emilion from west to east?

  1. Montagne-Saint-Emilion AOP
  2. Saint Georges-Saint-Emilion AOP
  3. Lussac-Saint-Emilion AOP
  4. Puisseguin-Saint-Emilion AOP

Côte de Bordeaux-Saint-Macaire is reserved for what styles of wine?

Sec, Moelleux, and Liquoreux styles

When was St. Emilion first classified?

1954 (Published in 1955)

What are the St. Émilion Premiers Grand Cru Classés A? (4)

  1. Château Angélus***
  2. Château Ausone
  3. Château Pavie***
  4. Château Cheval-Blanc
***Promoted under the 2012 Classification

What are the St. Émilion Premiers Grand Cru Classés B? (14)

  1. Château Beauséjour
  2. Château Beau Séjour-Bécot
  3. Château Bel-Air Monange
  4. Château Canon
  5. Château Canon-La Gaffeliére***
  6. Château La Gaffeliére
  7. Château Fourtet
  8. Château Figeac
  9. Château Trottevielle
  10. Château Pavie-Macquin*
  11. Château Troplong-Mondot*
  12. Château La Mondotte***
  13. Château Larcis-Ducasse***
  14. Château Valandraud***

Name five St. Émilion Grand Cru Classés.

  1. Château L'Arrosée
  2. Château La Dominique
  3. Château Faugéres***
  4. Château Fombrauge***
  5. Château Fonplégade
  6. Château Rochebelle***
  7. Château Grand-Corbin*
  8. Château Quinault l'Enclos***
  9. Château Monbousquet*
  10. Château La Tour Figeac

What is the second wine of Lafite-Rothschild?

Carruades de Lafite

What is the second wine of Mouton-Rothschild?

Petit Mouton

What is the second wine of Cos d'Estournel?

Pagodes de Cos

What is the second wine of Montrose?

La Dame du Montrose

What is the second wine of Latour?

Les Forts de Latour

What is the second wine of Château Margaux?

Pavillon Rouge

What is the second wine of Haut-Brion?

For the red, Le Clarence de Haut-Brion (2007 onward, previously was Château Bahans Haut-Brion

Match the following producers to their AOP of production:



  1. Vieux-Château-Certan
  2. Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte
  3. Château Roc de Cambes
  4. Château Terte-Roteboeuf
  5. Château Sociando-Mallet
  6. Château Moulin-Pey-Labrie


  1. Vieux-Château-Certan (Pomerol)
  2. Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte (Pessac-Léognan)
  3. Château Roc de Cambes (Côtes de Bourg)
  4. Château Terte-Roteboeuf (St. Émilion)
  5. Château Sociando-Mallet (Haut-Médoc)
  6. Château Moulin-Pey-Labrie (Canon-Fronsac)

What organization conducts the St. Emilion re-classifications?

INAO as of 2012

Name five Château in Pomerol:

  1. Château Vieux-Château-Certan
  2. Château Pétrus
  3. Château L'Évangile
  4. Château Le Pin
  5. Château Lafleur
  6. Château La Conseillante
  7. Château Trotanoy
  8. Château Le Gay
  9. Château Hosanna

Château Lafite-Rothschild also owns what three other Bordeaux properties?

  1. Château Rieussec (Fargues, Sauternes)
  2. Château l'Évangile (Pomerol)
  3. Château Duhart-Milon

Christian Moueix and his negociant house Jean-Pierre Moueix own what properties in Bordeaux?

  1. Château Magdelaine (St. Émilion)
  2. Château Lafleur-Petrus (Pomerol)
  3. Château Trotanoy (Pomerol)
  4. Château Hosanna (Pomerol)
  5. Château Belair-Monange (St. Émilion
  6. Château Pétrus (Pomerol)

Who is Émile Peynaud?

"Forefather of Modern Oenology"



  • Mentor of numerous winemakers including Michel Rolland
  • Professor of oenology at the University of Bordeaux
  • Taught the Bordelaise to sort grapes, embrace controlled malolactic fermentation

The Groupe Artémis, owned by François Pinault, owns what famous properties?

  1. Château Latour
  2. Araujo Estate
  3. Château Grillet (Formerly owned and known as Neyret-Gachet producing wines out of Château-Grillet AOP)
  4. Domaine d'Eugenie (born out of the acquisition of the Rene Engel property)

What is the only Premier Cru Supérieur of Sauternes AOP?

Château d'Yquem (Sauternes)

What are the First Growths (Premier Crus) of the Bommes commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château La Tour Blanche (Bommes)
  2. Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey(Bommes)
  3. Château Clos Haut-Peyraguey(Bommes)
  4. Château Rayne-Vigneau(Bommes)
  5. Château Rabaud-Promis(Bommes)
  6. Château Sigalas-Rabaud(Bommes)
What is the only First Growth (Premier Cru) of the Preignac commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

Château Suduiraut (Preignac)

What are the First Growths (Premier Cru) of the Barsac commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château Climens (Barsac)
  2. Château Coutet (Barsac)

*These communes label their wines under the Barsac AOP

What is the only First Growth (Premier Cru) of the Fargues commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

Château Rieussec (owned by Château Lafite-Rothschild)

What is the only First Growth (Premier Cru) of the Sauternes commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

Château Guiraud

What are the Second Growths (Deuxiémes Crus) of the Barsac commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château de Myrat
  2. Château Nairac
  3. Château Caillou
  4. Château Suau
  5. Château Broustet
  6. Château Doisy-Daëne
  7. Château Doisy-Dubroca
  8. Château Doisy-Védrines

What are the Second Growths (Deuxiémes Crus) of the Sauternes commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château d'Arche (Sauternes)
  2. Château Filhot(Sauternes)
  3. Château Lamothe(Sauternes)
  4. Château Lamothe-Guignard(Sauternes)

What are the Second Growths (Deuxiémes Crus) of the Fargues commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château Romer (Fargues)
  2. Château Romer du Hayot (Fargues)

What is the only Second Growth (Deuxiéme Cru) of the Preignac commune in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

Château de Malle (Preignac)

What are the classified growths of Preignac in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château Suduiraut (1st)
  2. Château de Malle (2nd)

What are the classified growths of Fargues in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château Rieussec (1st, Fargues)
  2. Château Romer (2nd, Fargues)
  3. Château Romer du Hayot (2nd, Fargues)

What are the classified growths of the commune of Sauternes in the Sauternes classification of 1855?

  1. Château Guiraud (1st)
  2. Château d'Arche (2nd)
  3. Château Filhot (2nd)
  4. Château Lamothe (2nd)
  5. Château Lamothe-Guignard (2nd)

Which communes of Sauternes AOP has the most classified estates from the Classification of Sauternes of 1855?

Barsac has 10 classified estates (which makes sense as to why it has its own separate AOP)

What communes can produce Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP?

Lalande de Pomerol and Néac

The limestone slopes closer to the Dordogne River in the Fronsac region fall under what AOP?

Canon-Fronsac AOP

What Côtes de Bordeaux subregion lies immediately east of St. Emilion?

Côtes de Castillon

Bouchet is a synonym for what famous Bordeaux grape? Where is it used?

Cabernet Franc, used in Pomerol and St. émilion

What river separates St. Emilion from its satellites and Pomerol from Lalande-de-Pomerol?

Barbanne River

Which is the only St. Émilion satellite to not touch the Barbanne river?

Lussac-Saint-Émilion

Who is Stephane Derenoncourt?

Consultant Winemaker for Château Pavie-Macquin, Château Canon-La-Gaffeliere, Château La Mondotte, Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte, and others. Owns Domaine de l'A in the Côtes de Castillon region.

Top vintages of Bordeaux from the 1920s

1921, 1928, 1929

Top vintages of Bordeaux from the 1930s

1934 (although the 1937 d'Yquem is famous)

Top vintages of Bordeaux from the 1940s

1945 (famous as the first post-war vintage)


1947, 1949

What is the maximum yield in the left bank Communal AOPs? Planting density?

57hl/ha (compare to 55hl/ha in Medoc AOP and Haut-Medoc AOP...weird)


7,000 plants per hectare min density

What classified properties of Margaux AOP are actually in the Margaux commune?

Rauzan-Seglá


Rauzan-Gassies


Durfort-Vivens


Lascombes


Malescot-St Exupery (3rd)


Marquis d'Alesme Becker (3rd)


Ferrier (3rd)


Desmirail (3rd)


Marquis de Terme (4th)



What is the classified growth of Margaux in the commune of Arsac?

Chateau du Tertre



What are the classified growths of Margaux in the commune of Labarde?

Chateau Giscours (3rd)


Chateau Dauzac (5th)

What are the classified growths of Margaux in the commune of Cantenac?

Chateau Brane-Cantenac (2nd)


Chateau Kirwan


Chateau d'Issan


Chateau Boyd Cantenac (3rd)


Chateau Cantenac-Brown (3rd)


Chateau Palmer (3rd)


Chateau Pouget (4th)


Chateau Prieuré-Lichine (4th)

What are the three 5th growths that are bottled as Haut-Medoc AOP? What communes are they in?

Chateau Belgrave (Saint-Laurent)


Chateau Camensac (Saint-Laurent)


Chateau Cantemerle (Macau)

What three classified growths are in Saint-Laurent commune?

Chateau La Tour-Carnet (4th)


Chateau Camensac (5th)


Chateau Belgrave (5th)

What are the 4th Growths of Margaux?

Chateau Marquis du Terme (Margaux)


Chateau Pouget (Cantenac)


Chateau Prieuré-Lichine (Cantenac)

What are the 5th growths of Margaux?

Chateau du Tertre (Arsac)


Chateau Dauzac (Labarde)

What are the 5th growths of Pauillac AOP?

Pontet-Canet


Batailley


Haut-Batailley


Haut-Bages-Liberál


Grand-Puy-Lacoste


Grand-Put-Ducasse


Lynch-Bages


Lynch-Moussas


d'Armailhac


Pédesclaux


Clerc-Milon


Croizet-Bages

What is the 4th growth of Pauillac?

Duhart-Milon-Rothschild

What are the second growths of Sauternes AOP located in the commune of Bommes?

There are none.

What is the INAO scoring criteria for Grand Cru Classé estate consideration?

"Grand Cru Classé": 14/20 total points


50% tasting of 10 vintages of the wine


20% analysis of topography and soil


10% analysis of viticulture and winemaking


20% reputation of the estate

What is the INAO scoring criteria for Premiers Grand Cru Classé consideration?

"Premier Grand Cru Classé": 16/20


All candidates considered for inclusion first met the above requirements for "Grand Cru Classé."30% tasting of an additional 5 vintages of the wine (with greater maturity)


30% analysis of topography and soil


5% analysis of viticulture and winemaking


35% reputation of the estate

What AOP lies immediately North of Côte de Bourg AOP?

Blaye/Côte de Blaye AOP lies immediately North of Côte de Bourg AOP along the Gironde estuary downstream from Pomerol & St. Émilion.

Burgidala is a very early name for what port city?

Bordeaux, used by Celtic tribes in 500BC onward

What is the most planted grape variety in France?

Merlot

What is Bordeaux's most planted white grape?

Semillon

What is the Landes Forest and how does it moderate climate in Bordeaux?

This is a massive, man-made maritime pine forest that lines the entire coastline of Bordeaux running from the Gironde all the way into Gascony. Provides a barrier to winds and sand from the Atlantic.

What are the major viticultural problems in Bordeaux?

Humidity and mold. It rains almost every month of the year in Bordeaux. Also Spring Frost.

What is the parentage of Merlot?

Cabernet Franc x Magdelaine Noire de Charentes

Where are Château Fourcas-Hosten & Château Clarke located?

Listrac-Médoc AOP

Describe the most recent vintages of Bordeaux.

  1. 2018: Larger crop than 2017, May hailstorm in southern Médoc, Mildew and Black Rot issues
  2. 2017: Warm & Dry. Avoided frost. Great quality expected out of Left Bank.
  3. 2016: Very good vintage. Ripe, tannic. Great Margaux.
  4. 2015: Warm and dry. Considered best since 2000.
  5. 2014: Good spring. Late summer. Harvest into October. Favors late-ripening grapes. Mod + Quality.
  6. 2013: Cool vintage. Wet harvest. Light vintage. Disease Mildew Pressure high.

What is the only top vintage from the 1970s?

1970 and maybe 1978. Some value to be found in 1978 and 1979.

What is the most collectible vintage from the 1960s?

1961 is the highest quality and longest lived vintage here. 1964 and 1962 have some value.

What vintages from the 1950s are extraordinary and collectible?

1959 and 1953.

What is the Jalle de Breuil?

Marks the Southern boundary of St. Estephe dividing Cos d'Estournel from Lafite-Rothschild.