• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bordeaux is second in volume of production only to what other region
Who provided the framework for the Médoc’s eventual dominance by creating a complex series of drainage channels throughout the area, making it suitable for viticulture in the mid-1600s
The Dutch
From 1152 to 1453 Bordeaux was ruled by who
River that runs through Bordeaux
Bordeaux climate
What is Coulure
A form of poor fruit set in grapes in which soon after flowering the small berries fall off
What is Millerandage
Abnormal fruit set with the presence of large and small berries in the same bunch
What is Bordeaux mixture and what is it used for
a mix of lime, copper sulfate, and water

applied throughout the region to avoid fungal problems
On the left bank of the Gironde in the Haut-Medoc which soil can be found and suited for which grape
characterized by well-drained gravelly soils, perfectly suited to the cultivation of Cabernet Sauvignon
What is boulbenes
boulbenes is the mixture of sand, gravel and light clay
What is côtes and graves
Côtes are steep limestone slopes

Graves is a gravelly limestone plateau resembling soils of the Médoc.

Limestone is well-suited to preserving the natural acidity of Cabernet Franc and Merlot
On the Right Bank of Bordeaux, St-Émilion contains a diversity of soils broadly categorized into two types
côtes and graves
Describe the soil of Pomerol
The soil of Pomerol is dominated by sand, clay and gravel, with a subsoil of iron pan and rich clay
The iron-rich clay subsoil of Pomerol is known as
crasse de fer
Which grape is particularly successful in clay soil
Merlot is particularly successful in clay soils, as evidenced by the wines of Château Pétrus, where the subsoil clay rises very close to the surface
What six red grapes are allowed in Bordeaux AOP
Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Franc
Petit Verdot
What are the minor grapes in Bordeaux AOP
Petit Verdot and Malbec

Carmènere is rarely encountered
In general describe a Left Bank blend
Cabernet Sauvignon comprises approximately 70% and Merlot, Cabernet Franc and the other varieties make up the remaining 30%
In general describe a Right Bank Blend
Merlot and Cabernet Franc typically dominate blends on the Right Bank, at 75% and 25% respectively
Basic Bordeaux AOP white can contain upto how many grapes

Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc dominate the blend, typically with a small proportion of Muscadell
Bordeaux whites wines are off-dry unless labeled what
Basic Bordeaux Appellations
•Bordeaux AOP red,off-dry white,rosé
•Bordeaux Supérieur AOP +.5% minimum alcohol
•Bordeaux Sec AOP dry whites with less than 4 g/l residual sugar
•Bordeaux Clairet AOP/Bordeaux Rosé AOP rosé wine appellations
•Crémant de Bordeaux AOP: Sparkling Wines made by traditional method
Sec in Bordeaux stands for
Define Aperitif
Drinks served before a meal to open the digestive system and stimulate the appetite
List several Aperitifs

wines commonly served are dry white and not too alcoholic

Champange - Brut Sparkling Wine

Fino and Manzanilla Sherry

Mosel wines upto Spatlese

Alsace Muscadet or Chablis

Kir - vin blanc casis

(Vins doux naturels
Vins de Liqueur
Sauternes) acceptable in France
When using the word Medoc what is it usually meant to describe
"Médoc" is often used to indicate left bank wines
Medoc is overwhelming devoted to what type of wine
Who commissioned the 1855 Bordeaux classification and why
Commissioned by Emperor Napoleon III and carried out by the courtiers of Bordeaux, this classification ranked the top properties of Bordeaux prior to international exposure at the Universal Exposition in Paris
Which 1st growth chateau is not in the Medoc
Haut-Brion is in Graves
Cru Classé Number of Properties per level
•1er (Premier) Cru: 5 (originally 4)
•2ème (Deuxièmes) Cru: 14
•3ème (Troisièmes) Cru: 14
•4ème (Quatrièmes) Cru: 10
•5ème (Cinquièmes) Cru: 18
Château Mouton-Rothschild was elevated from second growth to first in what year
How many communes are there in the left bank of the Gironde

What is the northernmost commune appellation in Haut-Médoc
What is the southernmost commune appellation in Haut-Médoc
What is the largest commune of the Haut-Médoc
What are the five villages of Margaux
How many Médoc Appellations are there

•Médoc AOP
•Haut-Médoc AOP
•St-Estèphe AOP
•Pauillac AOP
•St-Julien AOP
•Listrac-Médoc AOP
•Moulis-en-Médoc AOP
•Margaux AOP
How many châteaux are currently ranked as "premier cru classé A" in St-Émilion
What are the most noteworthy Graves communes
Who from Graves produced its final vintage in 2005
Château La Tour Haut Brion
What are the 3 Graves sub-appellations sweet wine communes
What are the 3 grapes that can be used in a Sauternes
Sauvignon Blanc
What is Botrytis Cinerea
Botrytis cinerea, known as pourriture noble, or the “noble rot

Botrytis mold may attack the grapes, dehydrating them so that sugar, acidity, and glycerol content are heightened
Sauternes lies at the conflux of what two rivers
Ciron and Garonne
How many villages does Sauternes have
How can the wines of Barsac be sold
Barsac AOP or Sauternes AOP
Which château achieved the rank of Premier Cru Supérieur in 1855
Château d’Yquem
What two years did Chateau d'Yquem not produce wines
1992 or 1974
What is tries
to pick the grapes individually, in separate trips through the vineyard looking only for grapes that are botrytized
What does Chateau d'Yquem sometimes produce
produces a dry white wine, “Y”, or “Ygrec”, labeled as Bordeaux or Bordeaux Supérieur
What are the two most noteworthy Right Bank Appelations
St-Émilion AOP
Pomerol AOP
Who created there own 3 tier system in Bordeaux and is periodically revised every decade

1954 (published in 1955) with revisions made in 1969, 1985, 1996, and 2006
Right Bank Appellations
•St-Émilion AOP
•Lussac-St-Émilion AOP
•Montagne-St-Émilion AOP
•Puisseguin-St-Émilion AOP
•St-Georges-St-Émilion AOP
•St-Émilion Grand Cru AOP
•Pomerol AOP
•Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP
•Fronsac AOP
•Canon-Fronsac AOP
What are the four satellite appellations for St-Émilion
Entre-Deux-Mers produces what style of wine
Dry white wines
What is the appellation of Château Lafleur?
Where can boulbenes soil be found?
What is Bouchet?
a synonym for Cabernet Franc in the Right Bank
What Château was ranked as "Premier Cru Supérieur" in 1855?
Château d'Yquem
The Cru Classé properties of Graves are located in which subappellations?
Neac is a commune within the Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP

True or False
What is the appellation of Château Grand Puy Ducasse?
Where is Preignac?
Château Chasse-Spleen is a fifth growth in Moulis-en-Médoc

True or False
Which appellation withdrew from the Côtes de Bordeaux AOP?
Côtes de Bourg
What does "St-Émilion Grand Cru" indicate on a label?
the wine is required to show a higher minimum alcohol than St-Émilion
Where is Blaye
Is a fortified town on the north bank of the Gironde estuary just opposite Margaux in the bordeaux region
What style of wine are Premières Côtes de Blaye

What grape do they use
Today it lends its name to several of the so-called bordeaux côtes appellations.

Today by far the most important wine produced here is robust red Premières Côtes de Blaye mainly from Merlot grapes supplemented by Cabernet Sauvignon and some Malbec.

Higher minimum alcoholic strength and lower maximum yield.
Some petit Chateauxs in Blaye
Chx Bel-Air La Royère
Haut Bertinerie
Les Grands Maréchaux
Les Jonqueyres
What are whit Blaye wines made up of
Ugi Blanc
Where is Entre-Deux-Mers
A Large area of the bordeaux wine region between the rivers dordogne and garonne; hence a name which means 'between two seas'
Style of wines in Entre-Deux-Mers
Produces light red, often slightly austere wine made from merlot and cabernet grapes and sold as Bordeaux AC
What is encépagement
A widely used French term for the mix of cépages, or vine varieties, planted on a particular property. These proportions (typically for a médoc estate, for example, Cabernet Sauvignon 60 per cent, Cabernet Franc 20 per cent, and Merlot 20 per cent) do not necessarily correspond to the proportions of each grape variety in a given wine, partly because different varieties vary generally in terms of productivity, but also because factors such as flowering and frost may dramatically influence the yield from each variety in a given growing season