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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Function of peroxisomes

Rids the cell of toxic substances, and in particular, hydrogen peroxide

Function of lysosomes
Digests foreign matter, pathogens, and expired organelles
Function of mitochondria

Makes ATP

Function of centrioles

Plays a role in mitosis and meiosis; help to create 2 daughter cells

Definition of chromatin

Filamentous material in the interphase nucleus; made of DNA and associated proteins

Function of nucleus

the central structure of a cell, houses DNA

Function of free ribosomes

Reads nucleotide sequence of messenger RNA and makes the corresponding amino acids to make a protein

Function of golgi apparatus


Modifies and packages newly synthesized proteins and carbohydrates

Function of plasma membrane

Encloses the cell and controls the traffic of molecules in and out of the cell

Function of RER
studded with millions of membrane bound ribosomes, is involved with the production, folding, quality control and dispatch of some proteins.
Function of SER
largely associated with lipid (fat) manufacture and metabolism and steroid production hormone production. It also has a detoxification function
Function of secretory vesicles

transport or store materials in the cell

Which is good for treating stomach ulcers: prilosec, alka-seltzer, or tums?
prilosec
Which is good for treating heartburn: prilosec, alka-seltzer, or tums?
tums or alka-seltzer
pH range for blood
7.35-7.45
Most common reaction in the body
CO2+H2O -> H2CO3 -> HCO3- + H+
How many rings do purines have?

2

How many rings do pyrimidines have?

1

What is this molecule?

What is this molecule?

Alanine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

ATP

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Cholesterol

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Cysteine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Dipeptide

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

DNA

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Fructose

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Glucose

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Glycine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Maltose

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Phospholipid

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Purine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Pyrimidine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Triglyceride

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Cytosine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Fatty acid

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Glycerol

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Glycogen

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Guanine

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Protein

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

RNA

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Saturated triglyceride

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Sucrose

What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?

Galactose