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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cells are organized together into sheets or bundles of cells called
Matter on earth is organized into 92 naturally occurring, fundamental units called
Only one form of energy can be used by all living thigs, this energy form is
The Sun
Earth's creatures are made mostly of just 4 atoms. Which of the following is NOT one of these four atoms making up the bulk of most life forms
A. nitrogen
B. Oxygen
C. Hydrogen
D. Sulfur
E. Carbon
D sulfur
Which of the following particles gives off light following a period of excitation, weighs almost nothing, and has a negative charge
A. An isotope
B. A proton
C. An electron
D. A neutron
C electron
O2 is an example of
A molecule
Which chemical bond results from more than one atom sharing the same electrons
Covalent bond
A solution containing a lot more hydrogen ions than ordinary water could be described as
A. pH=9
B. An alkaline solution
C. pH=4
D. A basic solution
E. pH=6
C pH=4
Glycogen is
A. Found only in animal cells
B. A type of plant protein
C. A fat storage material
D. Responsible For solidifying cell membranes in some organisms
E. An enzyme
A found only in animal cells
Sucrose is
A. A monosaccaride
B. An indigestible component of cell walls
C. Denatured by acids
D. Sweet tasting
E. A polyunsaturated fat
D sweet tasting
Which of these is true of saturated fats
A. They harden cell walls
B. They are made from cholesterol
C. They are synthesized in rough ER
D. They are produced by ceruminous glands
E. They stimulate hardening of the arteries
A. They harden cell walls
The term " organic catalyst" is often used to describe
C. Enzymes
Most painful sensations are a warning that
Some of your enzymes anre about to be denatured.
The smallest unit of any compound that retains the properties of the compound is
Proteins always contain the element
B. Nitrogen
Plant cell membranes are made mostly of proteins and...
How is active transport the same as facilitated diffusion
Both use carrier proteins
How is oxygen typically moved across cell membranes
By diffusion
Ribosomes are produced by
The Nucleolus
Which of these organelles is surrounded by a double membrane
The mitochondrion
Which organelle is constructed of microtubles
The centriole
Synthesis of protein for secretion isnthe function of the
Rough ER
In addition to vitamins A, C and E, what cellular organelle removes oxygen from the tissues before it can cause aging or cancer
The cilia
Thylakoids are important structures found within the
Which cellular structure is responsible for the formation of cilia
The centrioles
Which cellular structure is found only in animal cells ( never plant cells)
Steroids are made in the
Cell wall
Packaging and secretion are functions of the
Destruction of materials that were phagocytosed is the role of the
Ribosomal RNA is stored within the
Christae are found to be associated with
The Mitochondria
Which organelle contains Porsche and is surrounded by a double membrane
The nucleus
Proteins are manufactured at the
The diffusion of water across a differentially permeable membrane is called
Xanthophyll, carotene, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b are all located
On the thylakoids of the chloroplast
What is the role of sunlight during photosynthesis
It splits water
The dark reaction of photosynthesis occurs within
The mitochondria
Which of the the following occurs during the light reaction of photosynthesis
A. Glucose is made
B. Water molecules are split
C. Carbon dioxide is released
D. Carbon dioxide is used
Water molecules are split
What is often called " anaerobic respiration"
Which of these requires NADPH as a reactant in order to happen
A. Light reaction
B. Glycolysis
C. Dark reaction
D. The krebs cycle
The dark reaction
What produces a netof 2 ATPs and 2 NADHS
What transfers energy from FADH to ATP and produces the most ATP in humans
The electron transport system
Where does glycolysis take place
What does glycolysis produce
Pyruvic acid and 2 ATPs
Where does the the Krebs cycle take place?
In the matrix
What cycle in cell respiration makes 2 ATPs and 2 FADHs
The Krebs cycle
What cycle in cellular respiration is " anaerobic", and doesn't use oxygen
The Glycoysis
What cellular respiration cycle takes place on the Christae
Electron transport system
What cellular respiration cycle makes the most ATPs
Electron transport System
In the dark reaction of photosynthesis, what helps sugar or any othe food be made
The storm and enzymes
Anthocyanin is what makes leaves
Blue or red