• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

127 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What type of microscope did we use in class?

Compound Microscope

What is the coarse adjustment knob used for?

Moving the stage up and down

How do you calculate magnification?

10 x _

How do you estimate cell size?

Low power diameter convert to um

What are three parts of cell theory?

All known living cells are made up of one or more cells, all living cells arise from pre-existing cell by division, The cell is the fundamental of structure and function in all living organisms.

What are two differences between plant and animal cells?

Vacuole, chloroplast, cell, wall, lysosom.

What is the function of ribosomes?

Creates protein.

What is the function of chloroplasts?


What is the function of lysosomes?

Destroys unwanted materials.

What is the function of the cell membrane?

Controls what goes in and out.

What is the function of the mitochondria?

Powerhouse (makes sugar for energy)

What are two rules if biological diagrams?

No shading (stipling) labels must be on the right.

What is the difference between passive and active transport?

Passive transport doesn't use energy active does.

What is the difference between diffusion and osmosis?

The difference is that diffusion moves any chemical, osmosis refers to moving only water across the membrane.

What is the difference between a hypotonic and a hypertonic solution?

Hypertonic solutions with high concentration of solution. Water flows in. Hypotonic solutions with a low concentration of solute water flows out of a hypotonic solution.

What does it mean to be isotonic?

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur.

What are two forms of bulk transport?

Exocytosis and endocytosis.

What are the six elements needed for life?

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur.

What is the function of carbohydrates?

Provide the body energy for psychical activity and the operation of internal organs.

Identify two monosaccarides

Fructose glucose galactose.

Identify two polysaccarhides.

Starch, cellulose and glycogen.

What are three functions of lipids?

Protection insulation and giving cell membranes structure.

What is the difference between saturated fat and unsaturated fat?

Saturated fats are straight and stack (margarine) unsaturated fats are bent causing them to be unable to stack.

What are proteins made from?

Proteins consist of carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and nitrogen combined together. (Amino acids)

How many different amino acids are there?

There are 20 different amino acids.

What is the function of an Enzyme?

Acts as a catalyst in biochemical reactions

What is the equation for photosynthesis?


What is the equation for cellular respiration?

What causes muscle cramps?

Lactic acid.

What is the purpose of mitosis?

growth, repair, replace.

What are the five stages of mitosis?

Interphase prophase metaphase anaphase telephase.

During which stage does the genetic information duplicate?


During which stage do chromosomes line up at the equator?


How many chromosomes are there in a somatic cell?


What is the purpose of meiosis?


How many divisions is there in meiosis?


What type of cells undergo meiosis?


What is the chromozone number in the resulting cells?


Who was Gregor mendel?

A monk from Austria.

What plant did Gregor mendel study?

The pea plant.

Why did Gregor mendel choose to study the pea plant?

Commercially available, grows quickly.

What were the seven traits that Gregor Mendel examined?

Pea shape, pea color, pod shape, pod color, flower color, plant size, position of flowers.

What is the difference between dominant and recessive?

Dominant always show above recessive.

What is the principle of dominance?

The principle of dominance is that you will only see the dominant trait.

What is the difference between phenotype and phenotype?

phenotype is the psychical difference phenotype is the genetic difference

Does phenotype always lead to determination of Genotype?

What is the difference between homozygous and heterozygous?

Homo- same (2 genes)

Hetero- different (1 gene)

What is an allele

What is a mono-hybrid cross?


What is a pedigree?


What does incomplete dominance mean?

Means that both traits combine.

What does codominace mean?

both traits exist at once.

List all the different possible blood types


What are two sex chromosomes in men?


what are two sex chromosomes in women?


is it more common for men or women to inherit x-linked traits?

men because the mom passes the x.

What is a mistake involving the movement of chromosomes called?


What are the two different categories of mutations?


What is an example of a gene mutation?

an extra chromsome or missing chromosome

What chromosome is affected in down syndrome?

Chromosome 21

What are the seven levels of classification?








What is the binomial nomenclature name for humans?


Why are viruses not considered to be living?


What is the most common viral shape?


What is the name of the viral replication cycle?


what the five steps to the viral replication cycle?


What are the two bacterial kingdoms?

Eu-bacteria and archaebacteria

What are three types of achaebacteria

thermophile, halophile, methanogens

What are three uses for bacteria?


What shape are coccus bacteria?


What arrangement are strepto bacteria?


Name three bacterial illnesses?


how can bacterial infections be treated?


What was the name of the Ontario town with the outbreak of e.coli?


How do fungi reproduce?


What is an example of zygospore fungi?


What are two illnesses caused by fungi?


What are uses fungi?


Where are the most protista found?


What are three categories of protists?

Cilia flagella pseupodia

What is brown algae often called?


What can red Algae be used for?


What is one illness thatt can be caused by a protist.

African sleeping diesese.

What is the function of the tongue?

push food into the esophagus.

what enzyme is found in saliva to help breakdown starch?


How is acid prevented from splashing back up into the esophagus?


What acid is found in the stomach?

Hydrocloric acid?

What is the function of the gall Bladder?

Stores bile.

What is the function of the pancreas?

creates enzymes.

What is the main function of the small intestine


what is the main function of the large intestine?


what prevents food from entering the trachea?


where are the vocal cords found?


what keeps the trachea open?


What are the sacs called at the end of the bronchioles?


What moves the rib cage up and down?


what is tidal volume?


what is expiratory reserve volume?

what are the four functions of the circulatory system?


what is the difference between arteries and veins?


what is the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure?


what is the average resting heart beat of an adult male?


what is a healthy blood pressure?


what are the four chambers of the heart?


what is the name of the valve between the right atrium and ventricle


what is the aorta?


what separates the two chambers of the heart?


What are the four classes of plants?


which class of plant is missing a vascular system?


how do mosses obtain water?


provide an example of a gymnosperm.


where are seeds found in gymnosperm?


what is another name for angiosperms?


where are seeds found in angio sperms?


Identify two methods to distinguish monocots and dicots?


What is the difference between xylem phloem?


how does water move through the vascular system?


wht are annual rungs in a woody stem?


what is the tip end of a root called?


what are two types of roots?


what is the waxy surface of a leaf called?


what type of cells contain the most chloroplasts?


what allows for opening and closing of stomata?


what is the difference between a simple and compound lead?


what part of the seed provides the embryo with nutrients?


what part of the plant emerges first from the seed?


what part of the flower becomes the fruit?