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17 Cards in this Set

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What are the Three Domains

Archea, Eubacteria, and Eukaryote

What is the practice of classifying organisms called?

Taxonomy

What is the hierarchy of Classification?

Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.

Eukaryotes vs. Prokaryotes

Eukaryotes: Large, DNA in nucleus; bounded by membrane, Mitosis and Meiosis sexual reproduction common

Prokaryote: Small, DNA circular, unbounded. Asexual reproduction common not by Meiosis or Mitosis

Eukaryote?

Nucleus


organelles


membranes


>5um



most living things

Prokaryote?

single celled


no nucleus


no organelles


no membrane



small <5um

Eubacteria

Prokaryotes


single celled


no nucleus


no organelles


no membrane


small <5um


Are microscopic


Contain Rna and Dna


There are 3 main shapes


Spherical(Cocci)


Coiled(spirilla)



Rod-Shaped(Bacilli)

Protista

Single Celled and Multicell



Plant-like,fungi-like or animal-like

Characteristics of living things

* Living things are made of cells.
* Living things obtain and use energy.
* Living things grow and develop.
* Living things reproduce.
* Living things respond to their environment.
* Living things adapt to their environment.

Animals?


Porifera



Cnidera



Platyhelminthes



Mollusca



Nematoda



Annelida



Arthropoda



Echinodermata


Chordata

Bryophytes ( Non Vascular )

Bryophyets-


Plants that lack conducting tissue (viens) such as mosses and liverworts.


They are simple plants that lack roots (Have rhimozomes) thread like anchors



Lack steams and leaves

Tracheophytes (vascular)


The second group is the largest and contains all the 'modern' plants, such as grasses and trees


They have veins and roots

Dicots

Dicots


- Two Cotyledons


- Flowers in multiples of 4 or 5


- Broad leaves with branching veins


- A tap root system


- vascular bundles arranged in a ring in the stem

Chordata?

Bony Fish


Aves


Reptiles


Amphibians


Mammals


Athropoda


Crustacea ( Crabs, Shrimp and barnacles)


Arachnida (Jointed head and abdomen eg. Spider)



Insecta (3 pairs of legs,1 pair short antennae,


jaw varies)

Different types of trachephytes

Ginkopsdia


Coniferopsida


Pteridophyta


Cycadopsida


Angiospermae


Monocots

Monocots


- One Cotyledons


- Flowers in multiples of 3


- Narrow leaves with parallel veins


- A fibrous root system


- vascular bundles scattered throughout the stem