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23 Cards in this Set

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01. ____________________________ is the membranous organelle that containschlorophyll and is responsible for photosynthesis.

Chloroplast

02. The ____________________ is the smallest unit where life exist.

Cell

03. The cell wall of plants is made of primarily ____________________________.

Cellulose

04. ___________________________ are vesicles of digestive enzymes, which werepackaged by the Golgi complex.

Lysosomes

05. _______________________________ cells have numerous membranous organelles.

Eukaryotic

06. Fungal cells have a cell wall which is composed primarily of ______________________.

Chitin

07. State the three parts of the cell theory that were developed bySchleiden ________________________________________________________________Schwann _________________________________________________________________and Virchow. ______________________________________________________________

Schleiden: All plant structures are made of cells


Schwann: All animal structures are made of cells


Virchow: All cells are made of existing cells

08. __________________________ are non membranous organelles composed of RNAand proteins that function to assemble proteins.

Ribosomes

09. ______________________________ are structures found between two plant cells andfunction as intercommunicating passage ways between the cells.

Plasmodesmota

10. ___________________________________ was the first scientist in the 1600’s tomagnify insects and cork using glass lens and to describe the small units called cells

Hooke

11. The __________________________________ are membranous organelles that carryout the process of cellular respiration.

Mitochondria

12. The _____________________________________ is the outer covering of animal cellsand is located just under the cell wall of plants.

Plasma Membrane

13. The _________________________________ is a series of sacs and tubes that areconnected to the nuclear envelope and functions to store proteins.

Rough ER

14. ___________________________________ was the German biologist that examineplants and came to the conclusion that all plants where made of cells.

Schleiden

15. The cell membrane is composed primarily of _____________________________, butalso contains carbohydrates and proteins

Phsopholipids

16. The _________________________________ is usually the largest organelle in animalcell and it contains most of the DNA.

Nucleus

17. The _________________________________ are the power houses of the cell and theyare responsible for producing ATP.

Mitochondria

18. The _______________________________ contains enzymes that modify proteins,package proteins, transport protein, and are not connected to the endoplasmic reticulum.

Golgi Apparatus/Complex

19. _______________________________ cells lack internal membranes and includebacteria

Prokaryotes

20. The liquid component of the cell is called the ________________________, which iscomposed of everything outside the organelles

Cytosol

21. Microfilaments, in the cytoskeleton are composed of _______________________ and________________________.

Actin


Myacin

22. __________________________ junctions are found between two animal cells andfunction to prevent the exchange of interstitial fluid.

Tight Junctions

23. The two organelles in the cell that contain DNA, other than the nucleus, are the_________________________________and ___________________________________

Mitochondria


Chloroplast