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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is a conducting zone

anatomical dead space

What is respiratory zone

place of gas exchange

What are the upper respiratory structures

- nasal cavity

- pharynx

- larynx


air only


food and air


food and air

What are lower respiratory structures

- trachea

- primary bronchi

- bronchioles

Tracheal cartilages

c-shaped, hyaline cartilage

Type II Alveolar cells

produce surfactant

Parts of lungs

Cardiac notch

3 lobes (right) 2 lobes (left)

What two type of epithelium are in the respiratory structures

- simple squamous

- ciliated puesdostratified columnar

What muscles are used in normal breathing

diaphragm and external intercostals

What muscles are used in ascessory breathing

- internal intercostals

- abdominal muscles

Inspiratory reserve volume

3.1 Liters

What is the Ph of blood

7.4 +/- .02

Chemical reaction to buffer blood

h20 + CO2 -> H2CO3 -> H+ + HCO-3

Where are the sensory receptors for breathing

carotid sinus and medulla brain stem

internal respiration

inside of the lungs

external respiration

outside of lungs