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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Encloses cytoplasm of cell

Plasma Membrane

Where DNA is at (Not a Nucleus)

Nucleoid Region

Assembles proteins with info from DNA


Rigid layer that surrounds the cell

Bacterial Cell Wall

Sticky outer layer over cell wall


Numberous short projections that help adherence

Pilli and Fimbriae

Longer projections that help with motility


Extra chromosomal pieces of DNA


Cell's genetic control center


Transport, makes lipids, detoxification, storage of calcium

Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth

Major cite of protein, makes new membrane

Endoplasmic Reticulum Rough

Export and import of material

Golgi Apparatus

Contain digestive enzymes, break down food and waste

Vesicles Lysasomes

Breakdown lipids, detox alcohols and hydrogen peroxide

Vesicles Peroxisomes

Carry out cellular respiration to produce energy


Helps make energy



Storage Vacuole

Anchoring, Reproduction


Lack a Nucleus


Have a Nucleus


Who was the first scientist to observe cells under a microscope and coined the term "cell"?

Robert Hooke

The smallest, most basic and fundamental unit of life is the?


One of the most defining characteristics of eukaryotic cells is that they have this piece inside them?


What are the tenements of the cell theory?

1. One or more cells

2.Smallest unit having life

3. Life comes from growth and division

Who was the first scientist to observe actual living cells and bacteria?

Atony Van Leeuwenhoek

Bacteria, Kingdom Monera, and classified as what type of cell?


Animals, plants, fungi, and protists are classified what time of cell?


A membrane enclosed cellular compartment that has a specific function is called an?


Which organelles are directly involved in cellular internal support?

Bacterial Cell Wall

What is never found in bacteria?


What structures do bacteria use for attaching to surface?

Pili and Fimbriae

The nucleoid region of a bacteria cell is what?

Where the DNA is at

The membranous spheres of the cell in which proteins are trafficked between parts o the cytomembrane system are called?

ER, Golgi Apparatus, Vesicles

What is a granum

Stacks of discs of inner membrane, actual site

The fluid interior of the cell is referred to as what?


What is the function of the Golgi apparatus?

Storage, packaging, sorting and modification of proteins before exportation

What is the unction of chloroplasts?

Conduct photosynthesis, captures energy from the sun

What are the three parts of a chloroplast?

1. Stoma

2. Thylakoid

3. Granum

Which of the organelles are part of the cytomembrane system?

ER, Golgi Apparatus, vesicles, lysosomes, and peroxisomes

Cells that lack a membrane bound nucleus are called?


The nucleus of a cell does what?

Control the cell

Long fibers of DNA molecules an their associated proteins are called?


To enter or leave the cell, substances must be allowed to pass through the?

The plasma membrane

The function o the nucleolus is?

Makes ribosomal/ RNA

Rough endoplasmic reticulum I called rough because it is?

Covered with ribosome

Some of the functions of the Rough ER, beside transport, are?

Makes protein, makes new membrane

One function of Smooth ER

Making Lipids

The function of the lysosome is?

Break down waste

The function of the vacuole?


The thick fluid enclosed inside the chloroplast is called the?


The thick fluid enclosed inside the mitochondria is called the?


The function of the mitochondria is?

Energy production occurs

The plant cell wall does what jobs?

Protection, support, shape

The cell membrane has the property to allow certain substances to pass through it and prevent others. this ability of the cell membrane is referred to as?

Selectively permeable

The main organelle in transportation of materials within the cell is the?

Endoplasmic Reticulum

What are some of the properties shared by all the cells on earth?

DNA, Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasm, and Rehomes

Which of the organelles is associated with the breakdown of harmful substances?

Smooth ER

The function of the peroxisomes is?

Break down lipids, deox

How do cilia differ from flagella?

Cilia are short, and are hundreds

Flagella long, and fewer

The cytoskeleton of the cell is used for?

Structural framework



The relationship between mitochondria and chloroplasts is?

Chloroplasts synthesizes food and mitochondria uses it

What is the name of the photoreactive pigment found in chloroplasts


What do we call the double membrane surrounding the nucleus

Nuclear envelope

The function f the ribosome is?

Assembles proteins with info from DNA