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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which amino acids have aliphatic side chains?
Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Proline, Isoleucine
Which amino acids have aromatic sidechains?
Phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan.
Which AA's are basic?
Histidine, Lysine, Arginine
Amino Acids that are acidic?
Aspartic, glutamic, asparagine, glutamine
Defects in metabolism of which AA causes Maple Syrup disease?
Branched side chains - Valine, Leucine, Proline
Disorders from defects in Tyrosine?
T- albinism, alcaptonuria
P - pheylketonuria
What is AA cause of pellegra?
lack of tryptophan in diet to synthesize NAD+
Which AA has hydroxyl group side chains?
Serine, Threonine, Tyrosine
Which AA contain sulfur?
Serine, Threonine, Cysteine, Methionine
Types of Rxns with Serine/threonine?

S/T: modified by phosphorylation

C: Sulfulhydral groups oxidized to form disulfide linkages in peptide chains = cystine
Which AA are essential?
Pheynlyalanine, Valine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Methionine, Histidine, Isoluecine, Arginine, Luecine, Lysine

4 compoounds amino acids are precursors for?
nicotinamide nucleotides, sphingolipids, glucose, proteins.