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15 Cards in this Set

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Cell Division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
is the stage during which the cell's nucleus divides into 2 new nuclei
Cytokinosis
The cytoplasm pinches in half. Each DAUGHTER cell has an identical set of duplicate chromosomes
Chromatid
one of 2 identical "SISTER" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Centromere
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Interphase
period of the cell cycle between cell division
Cell Cycle
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Centriole
1 of 2 tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near nuclear envelope
Metaphase
The chromosome line up across the center of the cell. Each chromosomes is connected to a spindle fiber at the centomere
Anaphase
Sister chromosomes separate into individual chromosomes and are moved apart
Spindle
Fan-like micro-tubular structure that helps separate the chromosomes during MITOSIS
Prophase
The chromatin condenses into chromosomes. The centioles separate,and a spindle begins to form. Nuclear envelope breaks down
Telophase
The chromosomes gather at opposite ends of the cell and lose their distinct shapes. two new nuclear envelopes will form
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells
cancer
disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth