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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Simple Squamous Epithelium

Function: Diffusion and smooth lining

Location: Lung, Heart, Blood vessels

Stratified Squamous Epithelium

Function: Resists abrasion, infection, water loss

Location: Epidermis, vagina, oral cavity

Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

Function: Absorption and secretion

Location: Kidneys, tubules and liver

Simple Columnar Epithelium

Function: Absorption and secretion

Location: From stomach to intestines

Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar

Function: Secretes mucous, traps "dust"

Location: Some respiratory passages

Smooth muscle

Function: Involuntary contractions

Location: digestive tract, respiratory tract, blood vessels

Transitional Epithelium

Function: Allows for stretching of urinary bladder

Location: urinary bladder, ureter

Pineal Gland

Increased production melatonin at night, decreased melatonin by day

(may contribute to sleep patterns)


Regulates primitive functions

Secretes simulating and inhibiting hormones that act on other hormone releasing glands

Pituitary gland

Has two major lobes: Anterior and Posterior

Thyroid histology


S-shaped nucleus if you could see it

Involved with inflammatory and allergic reactions


Increased during parasitic infections and allergic reactions


Increase for acute bacterial infections


Two groups: B cells, T cells

Increased with viral infections


Increase with chronic infection

Sickle-cell anemia

sticky and agglutinate easily

beneficial to heterozygous individuals, lethal to homozygous recessive individuals


caused by EBV (Epstein-Barr virus)

causes increase of lymphocytes in blood

Body-vena cava-right atrium-right ventricle-pulmonary arteries-lungs-pulmonary veins-left atrium-left ventricle-aorta-body
Blood flow through the heart
Atrial Depolarization
P Wave
Ventricular depolarization
QRS complex
Ventricular repolarization (also arterial repolarization)
T wave
1. Muscular contraction

2. Muscular relaxation

Depolarization triggers ________________

Repolarization triggers _________________

Black= Ascending Aorta

Red= Vena Cava (superior)

Purple= Interatrial septum

Gray= Right atrium

Green= Right ventricle

Pink= Left ventricle

Light Blue= Interventricular septum

Dark Blue= Left atrium

Yellow= Pulmonary vein

Orange= Pulmonary artery

White= Aortic arch

Black=Aortic arch

Pink= Pulmonary artery

Yellow= Coronary sinus

Green= Vena cava

Blue= Superior vena cava

Orange= Inferior Vena cava

Red= Ascending aorta

Red= trabeculae carneae

Black= Right atrioventricular (AV) valve

Blue= Chordae Tendineae

Green= Papillary muscle

Light green= Papillary muscle

Yellow= Chordae tendineae

Orange= Left AV valve

White= Aortic semilunar valve

Pink= Pulmonary semilunar valve


Hardening of arteries-obstructs lumen and deteriorates artery

Lingual Gland
Palatine Gland
Pharyngeal gland

Blue= Red Pulp (RBC graveyard)

Red= Central Artery

Green= White Pulp (lymphocyte production)

Blood vessel

Black= Tunica interna

Yellow= Tunica Externa

Blue= Tunica Media

Red= lumen


1st line of defense against invading pathogens from mouth and nose

Has tonsilar crypts that increase surface area

Thymus Gland

Lighter region: Medulla; has T-Cells (self-recognition, immunocompetence

Darker region: cortex (developing T-Cells)


Lymph Node
Fluid recovery, immunity, lipid absorption
Function of Lymphatic system
Bronchi-Bronchioles-Respiratory Bronchioles-Alveolar ducts-Alveoli
Flow of Air

VC= total volume of air that can be forcefully expelled from the lungs after maximal inhalation

IRV= Max amount of air that can be inhaled after normal inhalation

ERV= max amount of air that can be exhaled after normal exhalation

TV= tidal volume-the normal volume of breath that can be inhaled and exhaled

Vital Capacity (VC)=
Anthracosis or Black Lung

Deposition of carbon tissue along alveolar tissue


Loss of elasticity in lungs

The Pharynx

Green= Uvula

Red= Pharyngeal tonsils-"catch" incoming particles

Yellow= Nasopharynx

Orange= Oropharynx

Black= Glottis

Brown/purple= Laryngopharynx

Blue= Larynx

Dark Green= The nose

Pink= Pharynx


Red= Lungs

Dark Blue= Bronchi


Light green=Nasal cavity


Gray=External nares

Green= Nasal cavity

Light Green= Internal nares

Black= Inferior nasal turbinates

Red= Middle nasal turbinates

Yellow= Superior nasal turbinates

Pink= Trachea

Light green= Right superior lobe

Purple= Tertiary bronchi

Light blue= Secondary bronchi

Brown= Right Middle lobe

Dark blue= Right/left inferior lobe

Red= Cardiac notch

Dark green= Left superior lobe

Yellow= Primary bronchi

Filters dissolved materials from blood

Regulates fluid volume and electrolytes

Concentrates and releases waste products

Reabsorbs important metabolites

Urinary function
Collecting duct- minor calyx- major calyx- renal pelvis- ureter- bladder- urethra
Flow of urine
Red= Kidney

Yellow= Adipose tissue

Gray= Bladder

White= Ureter

Green= renal artery


Yellow- Minor calyx

White- Major calyx

Pink= Renal pelvis

Blue= Ureter

Red= Renal pyramid

Green= Renal papilla

Cortex of Kidney

Circles are glomerulus

White spaces are convoluted tubules (simple cuboidal epithelium)

Medulla of kidney

Has collecting ducts

Parotid gland
Sublingual gland
Submandibular gland

Fxn: Break down food further using mechanical and chemical digestion

Esophagus-stomach junction

Esophagus: Stratified squamous

Stomach: Simple columnar


Fxn: Primarily digestion, especially lipids

Duodenal glands produce alkaline secretion



Has Peyer's Patches-another line of defense against pathogens

Large Intestine

Fxn: Water absorption, feces formation, some vitamin and solute absorbtion

LiverFxn: Produces bile, detoxification of blood, bilirubin absorption

Dark=Acinar cells, Light= Pancreatic islet cells

Endocrine function: Insulin and glucagon

Exocrine function: secretes alkalinic pancreatic juice

1. Produce sex hormones

2. Produce functional gametes

3. Protect, support and deliver embryo

4. Nourish newborn

Function of the Female Reproductive System
Process of oocyte production