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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Mechanism of Action

Why things do what they do.

Element

A pure substance that naturally occurs on Earth.

Atoms

Make up Elements

Electron

Negatively charged particles in atoms.

Enzymes

Used to allow atoms to join to create molecules.

Hydrolysis

Digestion

Compound

More than one sugar bonded together.

Molecule

The smallest fragment of a compound that retains all its properties.

Ionic Bonds

Occurs when an electron leaves one atom and permanently joins another atom of a different element.

Anion

The atom that receives the electron and becomes negatively charged.

Cation

The atom that gave the electron and became positively charged.

Covalent Bonds

Occurs when an electron spins around two or three different atoms.

Hydrogen Bonds

Hold water molecules onto other water molecules.

pH 7

Neutral pH

Organic Molecules

Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Carbohydrates

Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Oligosaccharides, Polysaccharides

Lipids

Fats, Oils, Waxes, Phospholipids & Steroids

Proteins

Made out of amino acids.

Nucleic Acids

ATP, DNA, RNA

Cell membrane

Function: regulates what enters and leaves the cell


Structure: Made of phospholipids

Cytoplasm

water-filled inside of cell

Organelles

permanent and essential interior parts

Inclusions

temporary and much less essential interior parts

Interstitial Fluid

Fluid to the outside of the cell

Diffusion

Moves gases, pesticides and vitamins A E D & K across the cell membrane.

Osmosis

uses pores to move water across the cell membrane

Active Transport

uses protein pumps and ATP to move things across the cell membrane

Ocular

the part you look through; magnified 10x

Scanning power lens

magnifies 4x; total magnification 40x

Low Power Objective Lens

Magnifies 10x; total magnification 100x

High Power Objective Lens

magnifies 40x; total magnificaiton 400x

stage

place where slide goes

arm

ocular and lens mount

Rheostat

gradually increases power to microscope bulb

Iris Diaphragm

controls the amount of light that passes through the specimen

Condenser

condenses light into a slim narrow beam

Fine & Coarse adjustment knobs

moves the stage up and down