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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An organization that collects credit-authentication requests and provides retailers with a payment guarentee.
A company or group responsible for sorting automated payment instructions to allow the transfer of funds electronically.
Automated Clearing House (ACH)
A self-service banking machine that connects to a host computer through a network, which ultimately connects to a bank's computer database.
Automated Teller Machine (ATM)
The freedom of workers to contribute to the overall goals of the organization, as well as to their own personal goals.
An identification code that consists of vertical lines and spaces of different widths. It holds data that identifies the manufacturer and the item.
Bar Code
An input device that uses laser beams to read the bar code on a product.
Bar Code Scanner
Allows you to log onto a Web site and pay any number of bills from a range of vendors.
Bill Payment Service
The process of sending bills electronically instead of mailing their customers paper bills or paper statements.
Bill Presentment
The use of computers and special software to assist in product design.
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
Using computers to test product designs.
Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE)
The use of computers to direct the machines that produce and assemble a product.
Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
A system that incorporates the the many different operations of the product design and manufactoring process. It combines CAD, CAE, and CAM.
Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
If you use a credit or debit card, your payment request must be checked by this system before the transaction is complete.
Credit-Authorization System
A practice in which companies mine customer databases and create marketing lists to send the customer personalized product ads.
Database Marketing
The process by which the tasks that workers do are fragmented to a point where a worker loses sight of the larger purpose of the job. The employee simply executes the task.
The gap between those to who have access to computers and those who do not.
Digital Divide
A way for an organization to transfer funds electronically to a specified bank, which then makes payments to accounts of individuals or companies.
Direct Deposit
Electronic bills.
Allows users connected to a network to transfer money from one bank account to another.
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)
Involves the use of computers to observe, record, and review an employee's use of a computer.
Employee Monitoring
Encoded into an unreadable form.
It is to incorporate comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of items in the workplace.
The era in which a world full of computers define and shape our everyday leisure and business activities.
Information Age
The concept that instead of only producting tangible goods, business and industries are using information to help provide services or distributing information as their main project.
Information Economy / New Economy
Tracks the current supplies of inventory and matches this against the anticipated future orders to ensure that enough stock is available to manufacture the new system.
Inventory Control System
A system that helps factory managers decide when to initiate production based on the supplies at hand and customer demand.
Job-Scheduling System / Production-Scheduling System
Allows managers to purchase and recieve components just before they are needed on the assembly line.
Just-In-Time Manufacturing
A term used to describe anoyone who distrusts or fears the changes brought about by technology.
Systems that integrate various production and process control systems into a single computerized system. The components include: job scheduling, inventory control, shipping management, distribution, and warehouse management.
Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP)
You must do this to recieve e-mails and other types of marketing messages.
Instruct companies to not share your information with others or use it for promotional purposes.
An electronic file format that preserves formatting, fonts, and layouts so files can be viewed and printed on a variety of platforms or reader software.
Portable Document Format (PDF)
An order-processing system that records purchases, processes credit or debit cards, and updates inventory.
Point-of-Sale (POS) System
Caused when muscle groups complete the same repetative actions, over and over again.
Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI)
A card that is about the size of an ATM card stores data on a thin micro-processor embedded in the card. Information on the chip can be updated instantaneously.
Smart Card
Unsolicited, junk e-mail sent as part of an electronic mass mailing.
A work arrangement in which employees work away from a company's office and communicate with the office using technology.
A type of bar code used by retail and grocery stores.
Universal Product Code (UPC)
For items in a warehouse, this is used to track items recieved, generate pick lists to pack customer orders, label a package for shipping, and track it's receipt by the customer.
Warehouse Management System (WMS)
Techniques that measure or detect personal characteristics such as fingerprints, voiceprints, eye pictures, or signature dynamics
Biometric Devices
Uses computers and software to create a realistic experience that helps show events might occur under certain conditions
Computer Simulations
Computers that allow you to enter your vote by pressing buttons or touching images on a touchscreen
Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Machines
Allows you to complete and submit you tax return over the internet
Automatically displays tow key pieces of information- your telephone number and the address where you telephone is located- on the 911 operator's computer monitor as he or she answers the call
Enhanced 911 (e-911)
Allow users to cast their ballots via a Web site, using any Internet-connected PC
Internet-based Voting Systems
Allow users to cast their ballots via a Web site, using any Internet-connected PC
Online Voting Systems
Technology that relies on artificial intelligence to recognize patterns and read handwritten, typed, or computer-printed characters from documents and translate the images into a form that a computer can process
Optical Character Recognition System (OCR)
You fill in circles, squares, or other shapes printed on a paper ballot to indicate your vote
Optical Mark Recognition Systems
process funded by candiates, in which a small group of qualified voters are asked questions specific to the topic about which pollsters want to gather data: an issue, a candiatem or an upcoming election.
Political Polling
You mark your paper ballot by punching out bits of paper, called chads, using a stylus
Punch Card System
Bombs that can be guided to their targets using satellite-guidance capability
Smart Bombs
Guides individuals, families, and small businesses through the process of filing taxes
Tax Preparation Software
Used to provide surveillance over cities by day and by night
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
Similar chemicals that are repeated billions of times throughout an organism's genome (ATGC)
The use of computer programs desined to aid health care profesionals in diagnosing a medical problem
Computer-Assisted Diagnosis (CAD)
Representation used to help visualize objects or organisms
Computer Model
Involves the use of computers and other technologies to assist a surgen at all points in the operative process, including planning, surgical nacigation, and treatment.
Computer-Aided Surgery (CAS)
A patient record maintained electronically
Computer-Based Patient Record (CPR)
A concept in which the collective processing power of one or more computers is used to complete a large task
Distributed Computing
A medical device used to record the electrical activity of the heart, can show abnormal rhythms or derect heart muscle damage.
Electrocardiogram (ECG / EKG)
A computer-based system where patient records are entered, stored, and maintained.
Electronic Medical Record (EMR) System
Looking inside and typically refers to looking inside the body for medical reasons using an endoscope, an instrument used to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body.
A way of looking into distribution, cause, and control of disease across time and grography in human population.
The characteristics of any organism, including how you look
The blueprint of an organism
A computer system capable of assembling, storing, and displaying data that is identified by its location
Geographic Information System (GIS)
Any feedback relating to or based on the sese of touch
Haptic Feedback
A privacy law designed to protect personal information in consumer health records
Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up humanDNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of thehuman genome
Human Genome Project
Surgens can use images, such as a CAT scan, to understand the shape of tissues in the sergical area
Image-Guided Surgery
the relationship between collection and dissemination of data, technology, the public expectation of privacy, and thelegal and political issues surrounding them.
Information Privacy
The application of computers, communications, and information technology to all fields of medicine, including medical care, medical education, and medical research.
Medical Informatics
One's personal medical information and history
Personal Health Information (PHI)
high-tech insturment packages that collect data about the upper atmosphere
The use of remote devices to trask and record data
Remote Sensing
an organized way of figuring something out. There are usually six parts to it
Scientific Method
An acronym for the "Search for Extraterrestrial Intellegence"
The use of advanced computer technology to help health care processionals consult with each other and work together on cases, regardless of where the patients and doctors are located.

The use of robots to perform surgery, while the surgeon controls the robot from a remote location

Telepresence Surgery