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119 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
_____ is a set of rules for exchanging files such as text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files on the Web.
HTTP
The content that displays in the browser is contained in the body section.
True
The meta element is coded in the _____ section of a web page document.
Head
An _____ modifies or further describes the function of an element.
Attribute
Lists the top level domain for the URL http://www.yahoo.com
com
The purpose of the _____ protocol is to ensure the integrity of the communication.
TCP
The _____ protocol is a set of rules that controls how data is sent between computers on the internet.
IP
takes a proactive role in developing recommendations and prototype technologies related to the web.
W3C
To allow communication between researchers and links between research papers
the main reason for the initial development of the World Wide Web
The first widely used graphical web browser was developed at
NCSA
A language using a text-based syntax intended to extend the power of HTML by separating data from presentation is called _____
XML
New Top Level Domains (TLDs) are coordinated by
ICANN
A domain name is a unique text-based Internet address corresponding to a unique _____
IP address
The text contained between title tags is:
Displayed in the title bar of the browser window
A(n) _____ website provides accommodations to individuals with visual, auditory, physical, and neurological disabilities.
accessible
Select protocols that are used for e-mail processing
SMTP, POP3, IMAP
A _____ consists of two or more computer connected for the purpose of communicating and sharing resources.
Network
A web page document is contained between opening and closing _____ tags.
html
_____ combines the formatting strengths of HTML 4.0 and the data structure and extensibility strengths of XML.
XHTML
The purpose of the _____ element is used to configure the main navigation area on a web page.
nav
Choose the element that configures text to be indented from both the left and right margins.
blockquote
The element used to create a horizontal line on a web page is
hr
What element is used to configure a new paragraph?
paragraph
The _____ attribute of the anchor element can cause the new web page to open in its own browser window.
target
Choose the preferred element to use when displaying text in a bold font style when there is NO SPECIAL importance of the words in the text.
b
Select the function of an e-mail link from the choices below.
Launch the default e-mail application for the visitor’s browser with your e-mail address as the recipient.
The purpose of the _____ element is used to configure the headings for a web page document or section of a web page document
header
Which element is used to force the browser to display the next text or element on a new line?
br
How would you configure a hyperlink from the index.html file to another file named services.html, which is located in the same file?
Services
Select the element used to hyperlink web pages to each other from the list below.
anchor
Choose the preferred element to use when emphasizing text that is intended to be displayed in italic font style.
em
When should you use an absolute hyperlink?
When you need to link to a web page external to your website
Choose the preferred element to use when configuring important text that is intended to be displayed by a bold font style.
strong
The purpose of the _____ element is used to configure the footer information on a web page document.
Footer
Use the _____ element to create a generic area or section on a web page that is physically separated from others.
div
What element contains each item in an ordered or unordered list?
li
What type of HTML list will automatically place a number in front of the items?
Ordered list
Choose the elements that are used in a description list.
dt, dl, dd (all of the above)
What element is used to create the largest heading?
h1
Consider _____ when designing for display on a mobile device.
Small screen size, font size, contrast (all of the above)
Which of the following is NOT a web design recommended practice?
Use dark text on dark backgrounds
The process of creating an image with the lowest file size that still renders a good-quality image is called _____
image optimization
Apply the design principle of _____ serves to add visual interest and draw attention.
Contrast
Select the group whose mission is to create guidelines and standards for Web Accessibility.
Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
Select the recommended design practice that applies to a web site using images for main site navigation.
Provide alternative text for the images. Configure text hyperlinks at the bottom of the page. (both a and b)
Select the item below that does not belong in a consistent web site design.
A different background color on each page
Select the most commonly used site organization for commercial web sites.
Hierarchical
The four principles of WCAG 2.0 are as follows
perceivable, operable, understandable, robust (POUR)
Select the best description of “white space”
using the background color of white for a page
Select three of the most common methods of organizing web sites
hierarchical, vertical, and diagonal
The concept of _____ relates to providing a single resource that is configured for optimal display on multiple types of layout.
One Web
Animation should be used only if it enhances your website
True
Let the file size of a web page and its associated media to _____ to avoid overly long load times.
60kb
A _____ is a sketch or blueprint of a web page that shows the structure (but not the detailed design) of basic page elements such as the logo, navigation, content, and footer.
wireframe
Select the items below that can help to appeal to the intended or target audience of a site.
The amount of color used on the site; the font size and styles used on the site; the overall look and feel for the site (all of the above)
Placing white space around graphics and headings helps them to stand out
True
When applying the design principle of _____ related items are grouped together.
proximity
Select a good design recommendation for text hyperlinks.
Use a key phrase as a hyperlink
Progressively enhancing a web page for different viewing contexts (such as smartphones and tablets) through the use of coding techniques is called _____.
Responsive web design
Which of the following is a CSS selector that will configure the paragraph elements within the footer element?
footer p
To apply a style to one or more elements on a web page, configure a CSS _____.
class
Which of the following is the CSS property used to set the background color?
background-color
When CSS is coded in the body of the web page as an attribute of an HTML tag it is called _____
inline
Which of the following is the CSS property used to set the text color?
color
Which of the following is an HTML attribute that configures inline styles?
style
Select the items below that can be used as a CSS Selector.
An HTML element; a class name; an id name (all of the above)
To apply a style to exactly one element on a web page, configure a CSS _____.
id
Use the ____ element to code embedded styles on a webpage.
style
Cascading Style Sheet rules are comprised of
Selectors and Declarations
According to the CSS rules of precedence, _____ styles override _____ styles.
inline, external
Use the _____ element to associate a web page with an external style sheet.
link
Use the _____ element to create logical areas on a web page that are embedded within paragraphs or other block formatting elements.
Neither a nor b
Where do you place the code to associate a web page with an external style sheet?
in the head section of the web page document
Select the code below that configures a class called “offer” with blue text using CSS.
.offer{color: blue;}
An external style sheet uses the _____ file extension.
css
Which type of selector is specified by placing a # symbol in front of the selector name?
id
Which of the following is correct CSS syntax?
P{color: #000000;}
Use the _____ element to create a generic area or section on a web page that is physically separated from the others.
div
Select the code below that uses CSS to configure a background color of #eaeaea for a webpage.
body{background-color” #eaeaea;}
Select the best reason to include height and width attributes on an image element.
To help the browser render the page faster because it reserves the appropriate space for the image.
A(n) _____ is an image that is configured so that parts of the image can be used as one or more hyperlinks.
Image map
Choose the graphic format that supports millions of colors, supports variable transparency levels, and uses lossless compression.
png
Select the attributes that are used in the area element to configure a clickable area on an image map.
href, cords, shape, alt
Select the browser’s action when you configure BOTH a background color and background image for the body selector.
Display the background color while the background image loads and before the background image is displayed
Select the element that displays an image on a web page.
image
A smaller version of a larger image that usually links to the larger image is called a:
thumbnail image
Choose the method to avoid when obtaining graphics for your website.
Right-click and copy a graphic you like from any website.
Choose the graphic format that is best-suited to display photographs on web pages.
jpg
Choose the technique below that will provide for accessibility when a web page uses graphics for the main navigation links.
Provide text hyperlinks in the page footer and configure an alt attribute for each navigation image.
Choose the attribute used to provide accessibility by configuring a text alternative that is available to browsers and other agents that do not support graphics.
alt
Use the _____ property to configure an image to use as a list marker in an unordered list.
list-style-image
Select the code below that will configure a background image called parchment.gif for a webpage using CSS.
Body{background-image:url(parchment.gif);}
Use the _____ property to eliminate the bullets from an unordered list.
list-style-type
Choose the item that creates an image link to the school.html page when the school.gif graphic is clicked.
Choose the item below that describes the process of creating an image with the lowest file size that still renders a good quality image.
optimization
Use the _____ attribute to display an image to the right of a block of text.
align
The process of ensuring that web pages coded with new or advanced techniques still are usable in browsers that do not off support for the newer features is called
progressive enhancement
Use the _____ property to configure multiple backgrounds on an element.
background
Select the code below that configures a background image to repeat horizontally across a web page.
background-repeat: repeat-x;
Use the _____ property to align text within an element.
text-align
When using the box model, the _____ is always transparent.
margin
The _____ property configures a shadow effect on the text displayed within an element.
text-shadow
The browser prefix –webkit in a CSS property indicates that it is likely to be recognized by which of the following browsers?
Opera
The CSS3 _____ property configures the transparency of an element.
opacity
Use the _____ property to configure uppercase text.
text-transform
Which of the following configures Arial, Veranda, or the default sans-serif font for an element?
font-family: Arial, Veranda, sans-serif;
Use the _____ property to confine the display of the background image.
background-attachment
Which of the following configures a margin for an element with the following values: top margin 30 pixels, left margin 150 pixels, right margin 0 pixels, and bottom margin 0 pixels?
margin: 30px 0 0 150px;
Use the _____ property to resize or scale the background image.
background-size
Which of the following configures padding for an element with the following values: top padding 0 pixels, left padding 10 pixels, right padding 10 pixels, bottom padding 20px?
padding: 0 10px 20px 10px;
Use the _____ property to configure italic text using CSS
font-style
The _____ is the area between the content and the border
padding
The default value for the border property for an element is
0 pixels
Which of the following configures a 1 pixel, solid black border for an element?
border: 1px solid #000000;
Select the code below that configures a class called “offer” with blue text, 1.2em, and Arial or sans-serif font using CSS>
.offer{color: blue; font-size: 1.2em; font-family: Arial, sans-serif;}
Use the _____ property to configure bold text using CSS
font-weight
A _____ is a smooth blending of shades from one color to another.
gradient
Use the _____ property to configure a minimum width for an element
min-width
The letters in the acronym HSLA indicate:
hue, saturation, lightness, alpha