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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Organic chemistry
The chemistry of carbon containing compounds.

Organic compounds that contain carbonand

hydrogen atoms only.

Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with carbon-carbon double bonds as well as single bonds.
Aliphatic hydrocarbon

A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joinedtogether in a branched or straight chain.

Alicyclic hydrocarbon

A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joinedtogether in a ring structure.

Aromatic hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon where some or all the carbon atoms are found in a benzene ring (one which has alternating single and double bonds).
Functional group
The part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions.
Homologous series

A series of organic compounds with thesame functional group, but with each successive member differing byCH2.

Empirical formula

The simplest whole number ratio of atomsof each element in a compound.

Molecular Formula

The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
Skeletal Formula
The simplified organic formula, shown by removing hydrogen atoms from alkyl chains, leaving a carbon skeleton and functional groups.
Displayed Formula
The relative positioning of atoms and the bonds between them.
Structural Formula
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule.
General Formula
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series.