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21 Cards in this Set

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TERMS:


Baroque

tonality is created


use of more elaborate musical ornamentation




actually a term coined to reflect how stupidly extravagant everything was

TERMS:


Basso Continuo

a characteristic of Baroque Music




bass part that runs continuously throughout a work




ALSO CALLED: throughbass

TERMS:


dance suite

formalization of the Renaissance practice of coupling dances together to provide contrast

TERMS:


allemande

German




Quadruple meter




moderate tempo

TERMS:


courante

French




triple meter




moderate tempo

TERMS:
sarabande

Spanish




stately




triple meter

TERMS:


gigue

English




lively




compound meter

TERMS:


figured bass

the bass part in Baroque compositions




marked to indicate the harmonies that should go with each note

TERMS:


forms

the structure of a composition based on repetition, contrast and variation



binary: 2-part structure (A-B) usually repeated and ends with a cadence


rounded binary: 3-part structure (A-B-A)


ternary: 3-part structure (A-B-A)


*basically rounded binary

TERMS:


ground bass

a bass part that recurs over and over while the melody on top changes continuously

TERMS:


libretto

the words of the text in an oratoria


also the printed version

TERMS:


terraced dynamics

a rapid shift in volume levels from soft to loud and back (no gradual crescendos or decrescendos)

TERMS:


homophonic texture

a style of composition with one distinct melody




the voice and accompaniments move together in same rhythmic pattern

TERMS:


the Affections

a theory that arose during the Baroque era




prescribed the use of certain musical methods and figures to elicit/portray certain emotions




ex) slow movement and minor keys = sadness

INDIVIDUALS:


Florentine Camerata

A camerata is a salon




a group of writers, artists and musicians




OBJECTIVE: recreate ancient Greek drama


INNOVATION: monody (solo voice with accompaniment)




LED THE WAY TO THE CREATION OF OPERA

PUBLICATIONS:


Le Nuove Musiche

AUTHOR: Giulio Caccini




A treatise providing examples of monody

TERMS:


Monody

a new musical texture developed by the Florentine Camerata




songs that are to written to be performed by a solo voice with instrumental accompaniment

TERMS:


stile rappresentativo

a style of singing developed in early Italian operas




more expressive than speech, less melodious than song




a dramatic recitative style

INSTRUMENTS:

clavichord

keyboard instrument that produced unusual tones




strings are struck with tiny metal hammers




A metal tangent exerts pressure on the strings

INSTRUMENTS: clavier

any kind of keyboard instrument

INSTRUMENTS: harpsichord

keyboard instrument




tones produced by quills plucking the strings




could not sustain notes