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25 Cards in this Set

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ITALIAN OPERA


What is the name of the representative work?

The Coronation of Poppea



ITALIAN OPERA


Who composed the Coronation of Poppea?


Who is the librettist?

Composer: Claudio Monteverdi




Librettist: Giovanni Busenllo

ITALIAN OPERA


What is significant about the Coronation of Poppea?

- based on history instead of mythology




- stile conciato (music is used to represent hidden emotions)


EX) vocal tremolo is applied to the word "imperial" to illustrate pompousness


- castrato (castrated male singer) -> Nero


- sinfonia (interlude to allow scene changes)

ENGLISH OPERA


What is the name of the representative work?

Dido and Aeneas

ENGLISH OPERA


Who wrote Dido and Aeneas?

Henry Purcell


- gathered innovations from mainland Opera and applied them to English works


- he wrote Dido and Aeneas to be performed at a boarding school

ENGLISH OPERA:


Dido and Aeneas - "Thy hand, Belinda"

Dido is preparing to die and asks for Belinda's presence for comfort.




Recitative Secco (recitative with sparse accompaniment)




- employs word painting on words like "darkness" and "death" to illustrate suffering

ENGLISH OPERA:


Dido and Aeneas - "When I am laid in earth"

Aria (air song): written for a solo voice with a ternary structure of A-B-A.




- employs:


ground bass (5 measures)


word painting ("remember me" with repetition and syllabic text setting)

CANTATA:


What is the name of the representative work?

Cantata no. 80 "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott"

CANTATA:
Who is the composer of Cantata no. 80 "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott"? Who is the librettist?

COMPOSER: Johann Sebastien Bach



LIBRETTIST: Salmono Franck

CANTATA:


How many movements does Ein fests Burg ist unser Gott have?

8 movements.




I. CHORUS (chorale fugue; grand and pompous)


II. DUET (soprana and Bass; polyphonic texture)


V. CHORUS (unison chorale; full chorus to represent the strength of God)


VIII. CHORUS (four-part choral with homophonic texture)

CANTATA:


What is a fugal texture?

Emphasizes imitation: the melody is introduced in one voice and then repeated by all the others

CANTATA:


What is a ritornello?

The Theme

CONCERTO GROSSO:


What is the name of the representative work?

Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F+

CONCERTO GROSSO:


Who wrote the Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F+?

Johann Sebastien Bach

CONCERTO GROSSO:


What is the concertino?


What instruments make up the concertino in the Brandenburg Concerto no. 2?

A concertino is a group of instrumentalists playing against an orchestra in a Concerto Grosso.




In the Brandenburg Concerto no. 2, the concertino is:


- violin


- oboe


- recorder


- trumpet

CONCERTO GROSSO:


What is a concerto grosso?



Battle of the bands, but all cultured-like




Ripieno (orchestra) vs Concertino

ORCHESTRAL SUITE:


What is the name of the representative work?

Water Music - Suite in D+, HWV 349

ORCHESTRAL SUITE:


Who is the composer of Water Music, Suite in D+?

George Frideric Handel


- drama llama


- 40+ operas


- oratorios


- instrumental music

ORCHESTRAL SUITE:


When was Water Music, Suite in D+ written?

1717

ORCHESTRAL SUITE:


What is different about the suite used in Water Music, Suite in D+?

There is no harpsichord because Water Music was written to be performed on a barge.

ORCHESTRAL SUITE:


What is the form of Water Music, Suite in D+?

3 suites with 22 movements.




First Movement (Allegro) (ABA, 4/4)


Second Movement (Alla Hornpipe) (ABA, 3/2)

HARPSICHORD SONATA


What is the name of the representative work?

Sonata in F-, L187/K481


Sonata in D+, L463/K430

HARPSICHORD SONATA:


Who composed:


Sonata in F-


Sonata in D+

Domenico Scarlatti


- wrote some Italian opera but was most well-known for contributions to solo sonatas


- wrote a collection of solo sonatas (esercizi per gravicembalo)

HARPSICHORD SONATA:


Why were trills used so extensively for these sonatas?

Because the harpsichord was unable to sustain notes

HARPSICHORD SONATA:
Why are Scarlatti's pieces catalogued as both K numbers as well as L numbers?

Because two different individuals set about cataloguing all his pieces.