Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/68

Click to flip

68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

a Capela

unaccompanied

ad libitum (ad lib.)

Freedom, at leisure

agitato

excited

Alla Marcia

in the style of a march

animato

with spirit, animated

cantabile

in a singing style

coda

a special ending section

con grazia

with grace

crescendo

gradually get louder <

diminuendo

gradually get softer >

D.C. Al Fine

go back to the beginning, play to Fine

D.S. Al Fine

go to the sign $, play to Fine

dolce

sweetly

expressivo

with expression

giocoso

joyous, cheerful

grave

solemn

legato

smooth and connected

leggiero

lightly

maestoso

majestic

meno

less

molto

much

morendo

dying away

paco a paco

little by little

scherzando

playful

sforzando

with forced emphasis

simile

in a similar manner

soli

played by a small group

solo

played by one

sostenuto

sustained

spiritoso

spirited

staccato

detached, separated

subito

suddenly

syncopation

deliberate disturbance of the normal pulse of meter, accent, & rhythm

tacet

do not play

tenuto

held, sustained

tutti

everyone plays

vivace

lively, quick

a tempo

play at original speed

accelerando

becoming faster

allargando

gradually slower

l’intesso tempo

play the same speed

più mosso

more motion

rallentando

gradually getting slower

ritardando

gradually slowing down

stringendo

pressing forward, getting faster

largo

broad, slowest #8

lento

slow #7

adagio

slow, at ease #6

andante

walking tempo #5

moderato

moderate #4

allegro

fast #3

presto

very fast #2

prestissimo

as fast as possible #1

FF

very loud

F

loud

MF

moderately loud

MP

Moderately piano

P

soft

PP

very soft

A B C D E F G

G F E D C B A

b

flat, lower the note a half step

#

sharp, raise the note a half step

(Concert Bb) C D E F G A B C

No sharps/flats

(F Scale) F G A B C D E F

Bb

(Bb Scale) B C D E F G A B
Bb | Eb
(Eb Scale) E F G A B C D E
Eb | Ab | Bb
(D Scale) D E F G A B C D
F# | C#
(G Scale) G A B C D E F G
F#