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79 Cards in this Set

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Staphylococcus aureus classification

G+ cocci

Staphylococcus epidermidis classification

G+ cocci

Staphylococcus saprophyticus causes...

UTI

Group A Streptococcus classification

G+ cocci

Group A Streptococcus hemolysis

beta-hemolytic

Group B Streptococcus classification

G+ cocci

Group B Streptococcus hemolysis

beta-hemolytic

Streptococcus pneumoniae classification

G+ cocci

Viridans Streptococcus classification

G+ cocci

Viridans Streptococcus hemolysis

alpha-hemolytic

Enterococcus spp classification

G+ cocci

These bacteria use superantigens to cause disease

Group A Strep

Bacillus cereus classification

G+ rods

Bacillus cereus causes...

food poisoning

Bacillus anthracis spreads by...

zoonosis, spores

Listeria monocytogenes classification

G+ rods

Listeria is found in meningitis caused by...

food contamination

Corynebacterium spp classification

G+ rods

C diphtheria causes...

UTI

Escherichia coli classification

G- rods

Commensal gut E coli causes opportunistic infection in...

UTI

Vibrio cholerae classification

G- curved rods

Vibrio cholerae disease presentation

profuse, watery diarrhea

Salmonella spp classification

G- rods

Shigella spp classification

G- rods

Shigella spp disease in GI tract causes...

BLOODY diarrhea (dysentery)

Pseudomonas aeruginosa classification

G- rods

Pseudomonas infections are usually found in...

hospitals; nosocomial infection

Acinetobacter baumanii classification

G- rods

Neisseria spp classification

G- diplococci

Haemophilus influenzae classification

G- coccobacilli

Haemophilus influenzae often implicated what type of disease?

Respiratory; influena, pneumonia, epiglottitis

Bordetella pertussis classification

G- rods

Bordetella pertussis disease

Whooping cough

Clostridium difficile classification

G+ rods (anaerobic)

Clostridium difficile disease presentation

severe diarrhea

Clostridium difficile disease risks

antibiotic use, elderly age, immunocompromised

Bacteroides spp classification

(anaerobic) spirochetes, fusiform

Bacteroides disease presentation

aspiration >>> lung abscesses, empyema

Mycobacterium spp classification

atypical; no Gram stain (acid-fast)

Mycobacterium spp risk factors

AIDS/other immunocompromised

Chlamidya spp classification

Atypical

Legionella spp classification

G- rods

Legionella spp transmission

aerosols/microaspiration of contaminated water

Mycoplasma spp classification

no cell wall

Rickettsiae classification

G- rods

Rickettsiae diseases

Spotted fever, typhus

Borrelia burgdorferi classification

spirochetes

Borrelia burgdorferi disease

Lyme disease

Name 3 important ENCAPSULATED species

S. pneumoniae, Neisseria, Haemophilus

Name 3 important TOXIN-MEDIATED infectious bacteria

Vibrio cholerae, Corynebacteria (diphtheria), Bordetella pertussis

Exfoliotoxin A&B released by...

S aureus

Exfoliotoxin A&B cause...

scalded skin syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is caused by which species?

S aureus

Toxic shock is mediated by what protein?

TSST-1

Strep pharyngitis is caused by

Group A Strep (S pyogenes)

Group A Strep uses this for molecular mimicry

Protein M (M for mimicry!)

Group A Strep uses this for adhesion

Protein F (F for fusion!)

High risk populations for Group B Strep infection

neonates, diabetics

Enterococcus species which is less resistant

E faecalis (E feca-LESS)

Enterococcus species which is more resistant

E faecium(mmm for MORE)

B anthracis causes this characteristic lesion

black eschar lesion

These compounds allow Listeria to act intracellularly

Listeriolysin, ActA

ETEC is...

toxogenic E coli

EPEC is...

enterpathogenic E coli

EHEC is...

hemorrhagic E coli

Vibrio cholerae infections come from...

water/shellfish contamination

Legionella survives phagocytosis by...

switching between replicative and transmissible form

Haemophilus is seen on culture as...

"satellites" around S aureus

Common agents in NOSE & SINUS INFECTION

S pneumoniae, GAS, S aureus, H influenzae

Common agent in THROAT/PHARYNX

GAS

Common agents in LUNGS & BRONCHI INFECTION

S pneumoniae, H influenzae, S aureus, Klebsiella (Enterobactericaecaeaeaeaea)

Common agent in MIDDLE EAR INFECTION

S pneumoniae

Common agents of GI TRACT INFECTION

Salmonella, Shigella, E coli 0157:H17

Common agents of URINARY TRACT INFECTION

Enterobactericaeaeaeae spp, Enterococcus (srsly I can't figure out how to spell that one so deal with it sorryyyyyy)

Common agents of CNS INFECTION

N meningitidis, H influenzae, S pneumoniae, GBS, Listeria

Common agents of EYE INFECTION

Haemophilus, Moraxella, N gonorrheae, S pneumoniae

Common agents in WOUND INFECTIONS

S aureus, GAS

Streptococcus pneumoniae hemolysis

alpha-hemolytic