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16 Cards in this Set

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What is the menstrual cycle controlled by?

Hormones made by the pituitary gland and the ovaries

What does the hormone progesterone do?


Where is it made?


Maintains lining of uterus


Made in the ovaries

What does the hormone oestrogen do?


Where is it made?

Causes the uterus lining to thicken and stimulates production of LH.


Made in the ovaries.

What does the hormone LH do?


What does it stand for?


Where is it made?

Stimulates release of egg.


Stands for luteinising hormone


Made in pituitary gland

What does the hormone FSH do?


What does it stand for?


Where is it made?


Stimulates eggs to mature and stimulates ovaries to produce oestrogen.


Stands for follicle stimulating hormone.


Made in the pituitary gland.

How do contraceptive pills containing oestrogen work?

It inhibits the production of FSH, so the eggs to not mature
What hormone can be given as a fertility drug?

FSH

What is the name of the hormone produced by the follicle cells?

Oestrogen
Which hormone is released from the corpus luteum?

Progesterone

During which days is the uterus lining at its thickest?


Why?


10-28


To prepare for possible implantation of fertilised egg

Name the hormones which prepare the uterus for pregnancy.


Oestrogen


Progesterone

What cannot happen if the fallopian tube is blocked?
An egg cannot reach the womb/uterus

What is another word for the egg?

Ovum
Describe the process of IVF in 4 points.


1. doctor removes egg from ovary


2. it is fertilised with sperm in a petri dish


3. the developing embryos are placed back into the womb of the mother


4. Fertility drugs may be used to produce eggs

What is a health risk fertility drugs can present to a mother?

Risk of multiple births or premature babies
Artificial control of fertility also raises some ethical issues. Discuss one of these.

Some religions say that the prevention of conception is denying life