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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Autism appears when?
typically appears in the first 3 years of life
Autism is a developemental disorder that effects?
nuerological disorder that effects the normal functioning of the brain, social intereactions and verbal and nonverbal comunication. It affects indivuals differently
pervasive developement disorders are?
childhood desintegrative disorder
rett's disorder
( autism being the most common)
signs and symptoms of autism
impaired social interaction
limited activities and interests
problems with verbal and nonverbal communication.
risk factors for autism
language deficits,family history of autism, psychiatric conditions, including mood disorders, and personality disorders.
prenatal factors: prematurity, bleeding during pregnancy, toxemia maternal accidents, viral infections or exposure , poor vigor in neonatal period, Hx of encephalitis.
developemental warning signs that nurses should be alert for
unusual speech, difficulty socially, pervasive behaviors such as hand flapping, or rocking, poor eye contact, fascination with water mirrors ceiling fans, lining up toys, spinning self, absent of pointing to show or request something, lack of interest in baby games, such as peek a boo, parents complaining that chils is unresponsive to them, history of being a very good baby never crying.
how is autuism diagnosed?
obeservation and screening test
modified checklist for autism in toddlers (M-CHAT)
childhood autism rating scale (CARS)
audiological evaluation
speech and language evaluation
diagonostic criteria for autism include
marked impairment in the use of mutiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye to eye gaze, facial expressionsbody posture, failure to deve;ope relationships, lack of spontaneous interest such as seeking enjoyment, lack of social or emotional reciprocity.
a quaunitive impairment of at least 2 of the above.
diagnostic criteria for autism
delay in lack of development in spoken language, impairment of ability to hold a converstaion, repetive use of language, lack of spontaneous make believe play.
quanitive impiarements in communication of at least one of the above.
diagnostic criteria for autism
preocupation of a restricted pattern of interest that is abnormal either in intesity or focus, inflexible to
specific non functional routines or rituals, repetitive motor mannerisms, ex: finger flapping, twisting, or complex body movements.
manifested by at least one of the above.
diagnostice criteria for autism
delays or abnormal functioning in at least one of the following social interactions, language as used in social communications or symbolic play.
assessment measures the nurse should monitor
autistic children look healthy,look for signs of neurocutaneous disorders, focal abnormalities, difficult to test language, absent os social interaction or interactive play, sensory impairment
establish diagnosis and therapies for autism as early as possible.
goals may include:
special preschool and school programs, speech language and behavioral therapies in coordinated structured setting, regular assessement for cognition skills and educational testing, support groups for parents.
medications to treat autism
there are no specific medications to treat autism.
pharmocolgy targets - hyperactivity, agression, self injury, convulsive events, ritualistic behaviors, and depression.