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17 Cards in this Set

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Sailing By The Lee

If a boat turns to leeward too far, or sails "by the lee", the boat can jibe accidentally if the lee side of the sail catches the wind, causing the boom to swing across the boat quickly - should be avoided

No Sail Zone

Pointed into the wind

Close Hauled

Sails are trimmed in tightly and it is sailing as close to the wind as it can without entering the no go zone

In Irons

Pointed into the wind - stopped

To get out of irons:

To recover from being in irons, one or more sails can be "backwinded" by sheeting or pushing them to one side. A sail backwinded to one side of the boat will tend to push the bow to the other side, and the boat may "pay off" in that direction so that the sails can be trimmed again and normal sailing resumed. A sail backed further aft may make a boat begin to "make sternway," or make way backwards. If this is possible the rudder can be used to steer the boat out of the no-go zone

Close Reach

This is an upwind angle between close-hauled and a beam reach.


A vessel directed to keep her course and speed where two vessels are approaching one another so as to involve a risk of collision.


1. When a sailing vessel is steered far enough to windward that the sail is no longer completely filled with wind (the luff of a fore-and-aft sail begins to flap first).

2. Loosening a sheet so far past optimal trim that the sail is no longer completely filled with wind.

3. The flapping of the sail(s) which results from having no wind in the sail at all.

Beam Reach

Steered at right angles to the wind on either port or starboard tack.


Where two vessels are approaching one another so as to involve a risk of collision, this is the vessel which is directed to keep out of the way of the other.


Pointing the ship towards the direction of the wind; generally not the fastest point of travel on a sailing vessel

Broad Reach

The wind is coming from behind the boat at an angle. This represents a range of wind angles between beam reach and running downwind. The sails are eased out away from the boat, but not as much as on a run or dead run (downwind run).


Zig-zagging so as to sail directly towards the wind (and for some rigs also away from it).

Port Tack

When sailing with the wind coming from the port side of the vessel. Must give way to boats on starboard tack.


Vessel pointed downwind

Starboard Tack

When sailing with the wind coming from the starboard side of the vessel. Has right of way over boats on port tack.

Jibing (gybe)

To change from one tack to the other away from the wind, with the stern of the vessel turning through the wind.