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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Converts an alkane to a halogenalkane

reaction type is
liquid bromine or chlorine with UV light

free radical subtitution
Converts an alkene to an halogenoalkane

reaction type is
concentrated hydrogen halide (HF, HCl, HBr, HI) at room temperature

addition reaction
Converts an alkene to a diol ( 2 alcohol groups)
what is the color change?
what type of reaction is this?
cold dilute acidified managanate(VII) solution
purple to clear
oxidation reaction
Chemical used to break an alkene double bond and give 2 oxidation products
hot, concentrated acidified managanate(VII) solution
When breaking an alkene double bond, if the carbon is bonded to 2 hydrogen atoms what will be the product?
carbon dioxide
When breaking an alkene double bond, if the carbon is bonded to one hydrogen atom and one alkyl group, what will be the product?
a carboxylic group
When breaking an alkene double bond, if the carbon is bonded to 2 alkyl groups, what will be the product?
a ketone group
What is the general formula for an alkane
Cn H2n+2
Why are alkanes considered mostly nonreactive?
because they are non polar
Chemical added to a halogenoalkane to produce an alcohol type of reaction?
aqueous sodium hydroxide under reflux

nucleophilic substitution
which halogen reacts the fastest during a nucleophilic substitution reaction? which halogen is the slowest?
iodine fastest, fluorine slowest
what chemicals and conditions can a halogenoalkane be converted to an alkene?

what type of reaction is this?
sodium hydroxide and ethanol

elimination reaction
name 3 nucleophiles
hydroxide ion, cyanide ion and ammonia
the reaction with hydroxide ions will form an alcohol, what is the name of this process
why are halogenoalkanes attacked by nucleophiles?
because the carbon bonded to the halogen carries a partial positive charge due to the higher electronegativity of the halogen
the complete combustion of an alcohol will yield what 2 products
water and carbon dioxide
what chemical would be used to convert an alcohol to a halogenoalkane and water

what type of reaction is this?
a hydrogen halide (HCl)

substitution reaction
alcohol and sodium yields what 2 products
sodium alkoxide and hydrogen
what is esterification
when a carboxylic acid and alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst produces an ester and water. this is reversible
what products are formed when you hydrolyse an ester with sodium hydroxide?
a carboxylic acid and alcohol. this is not reversible
what chemical and conditions can convert an alcohol to an alkene and water

what type of reaction is this?
alcohol vapor passed over a hot catalyst of aluminum oxide powder and pumice

dehydration reaction
what is an Sn2 reaction and when is it most stable?
nucleophilic substitution involving 2 species. when it is used on a primary halogenoalkanes
what is an Sn1 reaction and when is it most stable?
nucleophilic substitution involving 1 species, with a carbocation formation , when it is used on a tertiary halogenoalkane
using what chemical analysis could you differentiate a primary or secondary alcohol from a tertiary alcohol? and what would be the noted color changes
dilute acidified potassium dichromate. a tertiary alcohol would show no reaction where a primary & secondary would go from orange to green
tetrahydridoborate would change an aldehyde and ketone to what functional groups?
aldehyde to primary alcohol and a ketone to a secondary alcohol
an aldehyde and ketone have what functional group present?
a carbonyl group
How can you oxidize a primary alcohol to an aldehyde?
heat alcohol gently with acidified potassium dichromate(VII) and distilling out the aldehyde as it forms.