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6 Cards in this Set

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Beaches

Commonly found in bays; formed due to the low-energy environment (created by wave refraction) that leads to deposition.

Spits

When sand/shingle is moved by longshore drift and the coast changes direction, the sediment will build up and begin to protrude into the sea.

Tombolos

When a spit extends out from the coast to link an island to the shore.

Sand dunes

Formed when sand is deposited then blown further inland, where it builds up.

Salt marshes

Mud builds up around the roots of pioneer plants and the plants decompose to add nutrients to the soil. Gradually, the mud breaks the surface to form land and then land-based plants colonise drier environments to form meadow.

Bars

When sand or shingle builds up across a bay.