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35 Cards in this Set

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How can we give feedback?

Body language


Oral signals/paralanguage/backchannelling

What is agenda setting?

Initiating topics and controlling topics of conversation

What terms are there relating to topic?


Topic shift


Topic loop


Topic marker


Topic manager

What is an adjacency pair?

A two part exchange

What is an insertion sequence?

One adjacency pair embedded within another

How can you tell who has the power in a conversation?

Agenda setting


Ignoring and interruption


Imperatives


Fluency


Talks more


Status


Prosodic features

What are prosodic features?

The way we speak.


Tone


Pitch


Volume


Intonation

What is rhetoric?

The art of persuasive discourse

What is included in context?

Situation


Purpose


Target audience

What is pathos?

Appeals to a sense if emotion and evokes feelings

What is ethos?

Speaker's own thoughts/ideology

What is a false start?

A speaker changes from one grammatical construction to another

What is a filled pause?

A voiced hesitation

What is a filler?

A word or expression with little meaning inserted into speech

What is idiolect?

The way language is used by a particular individual

What is an oral signal?

An expressive sound such as mmm or a laugh, sigh etc

What is phatic communication?

'Small talk' - utterances that mean little but serve a social purpose

What is repair?

An utterance that resolves a problem in a conversation

What is an unvoiced pause?

A silent pause

What is antithesis?

Two words that contrast each other in a sentence due to having directly opposite meanings

What is a referential utterance?

An utterance that provides information

What is an expressive utterance?

An utterance that expresses the speaker's feelings

What is the effect of high frequency lexis?

Everyone can understand

What is the effect of low frequency lexis?

Shows authority and gives power to the speakers

What is an incomplete construction?

An utterance in which words or grammatical elements are missing

What is ellipsis?

Omission of words

What is a hyperbole?

Deliberate exaggeration for effect

What is slang?

Lexis not appropriate to formal contexts

What is parallelism and its effect?

The use of phrases with a similar grammatical structure.


Helps create a strong, emphatic rhythm which stresses key ideas.

What is tripling and its effect?

Three part lists.


Power in numbers, points support each other, more likely to remember the points.

What is the effect of first person plural pronouns?

Promotes a feeling of unity and makes the audience feel included

What is the effect of second person pronouns?

Forces the audience to put itself in the speaker's situation and reflect on what they would do

What is the effect of figurative language?

Make a speech more vivid and memorable.

What are paralinguistic features?

Non-verbal communication

What is a semantic field?

A group of words with linked or associated meanings