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32 Cards in this Set

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Mongol
formed a massive empire through their ferocious martial culture and military technology developed from Chinese inventions.
Khubiliai Khan
grandson of Genghis Khan, ruled during the Yuan Dynasty. Established Dadu as the capital
Dadu
Mongol capital set up by Khubilai Khan, modern day Beijing
leftover subjects
subjects who vow allegiance to fallen Song, deny the legitimacy of Mongol government. Do not paint for money, but are inspired by art (in theory)
relcusion
to become hermit, withdraw from society, live in a remote place (natural setting)
Suzhou
during the Ming dynasty it was an important site for educated painters because it was a site of commercial prosperity, a handicraft/textile production center and a garden site which made it a perfect place for art production and art patronage.
Northern and Southern School theory
A theory of the history of painting, associated with Dong Qichang, which divided painters into two lineages: Northern and Southern- categories which were borrowed from Chan Buddhist divisions between Northern (gradualist) and Southern (sudden) enlightenment sects.
Manchu
a group of turkic/mongol people who conquered the Ming dynasty in the 17th century and formed the Qing dynasty
Republic of China
founded in 1912 after the collaspe of the imperial system.
Lu Xun
one of the founders of the chinese Modern literary movement, channeled his energies chiefly into literature, cultural education, and the promotion of woodblock print production as instruments of modernization and political activism.
woodblock print movement
based on mixed European and Japanese sources, with a further background in traditional Chinese woodblock-print illustrations. Mixed modernist and political themes and aims, but the movement became specifically leftist and militant after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.
People's Republic of China
Established in 1949 by the victorious Communist party following the civil war at the end of WWII.
Mongol
formed a massive empire through their ferocious martial culture and military technology developed from Chinese inventions.
Khubiliai Khan
grandson of Genghis Khan, ruled during the Yuan Dynasty. Established Dadu as the capital
Dadu
Mongol capital set up by Khubilai Khan, modern day Beijing
leftover subjects
subjects who vow allegiance to fallen Song, deny the legitimacy of Mongol government. Do not paint for money, but are inspired by art (in theory)
relcusion
to become hermit, withdraw from society, live in a remote place (natural setting)
Suzhou
during the Ming dynasty it was an important site for educated painters because it was a site of commercial prosperity, a handicraft/textile production center and a garden site which made it a perfect place for art production and art patronage.
Northern and Southern School theory
A theory of the history of painting, associated with Dong Qichang, which divided painters into two lineages: Northern and Southern- categories which were borrowed from Chan Buddhist divisions between Northern (gradualist) and Southern (sudden) enlightenment sects.
Manchu
a group of turkic/mongol people who conquered the Ming dynasty in the 17th century and formed the Qing dynasty
Emperor Qianlong
ggg
"The Great Unity"
ggg
Sino-Tibetan style
gggg
Republic of China
founded in 1912 after the collaspe of the imperial system.
Lu Xun
one of the founders of the chinese Modern literary movement, channeled his energies chiefly into literature, cultural education, and the promotion of woodblock print production as instruments of modernization and political activism.
woodblock print movement
based on mixed European and Japanese sources, with a further background in traditional Chinese woodblock-print illustrations. Mixed modernist and political themes and aims, but the movement became specifically leftist and militant after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.
People's Republic of China
Established in 1949 by the victorious Communist party following the civil war at the end of WWII.
Mao Zedong
political leader of the communist party of China
Yan'an Talks on Literature and Art
talks that outlined how the system of official control of the arts was a construction of the Communist Party. The talks were held 1942 as part of a forum at the Communist stronghold in Shaanxi province. outlined how art must serve the masses, and that bourgeois individualism and self-expression is not to allowed. acknowledged and encouraged popular and folk art production
Socialist Realism
Art is supposed to serve socialist purposes, must be relevant to social reality/social revolution. Must have social content
Modernist art is unacceptable:
No readily identifiable social content (art for art’s sake)
Privileged the identity of the artist (tainted with associations of bourgeois decadence and self-indulgence)
Artist parallel to the literati (the enemy!)
Reality of the world is depicted as is, in an objective way, without the lens of the artist obscuring reality.
Guohua
"national painting style" A modern term of reference for painting using traditional media, formats and themes as an alternative to Western-style painting
Political Pop
juxtaposes socialism and capitalism, mocking or celebrating one or none or both.