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20 Cards in this Set

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En plein air.
means in the open air or outside in French
-an art of industrialized, urbanized Paris that was a reaction to the brutal and chaotic transformation of French life
-represented an attempt to capture a fleeting moment
-characterized my lighter and brighter color palette, showing the quality of light, loose brush strokes
-1860s to 1880s
Paris salon.
"art school" in Paris where artists went to be trained and the best artwork was shown in the salon where it was released to the general public for viewing.
-art was selected by a jury to be in the salon
Academic art.
-art that was chosen by the teachers at the salon
-it had to have approved subject matter and approved qualities

Subject matter:

approved qualities:
-smooth paint
-greatest possible accuracy
-expression of artist labor or difficulty
-judging art solely on the basis of formal qualities (such as line, color, composition), keeping all other considerations (social, political, biographical) secondary
-art criticizing itself from within using art
-purifies each medium
-investigates the qualities of each medium
-explores the inherent qualities of the medium
-a movement in western art that developed in the second half of the 19th century and south to capture teh images aand sensibilities of the age. modernist art goes beyond simply dealing with the present and involves the artist's critical examination of the premises of art itself.
-a movement in 19th century (particularly French) art characterized by a rebellion against the traditional historical, mythological, and religious subjects in favor of unidealized scenes of modern life
how the artwork is understood and appreciated in a given time and place
A group or work that is innovative or inventive on one or more levels: subject, medium, technique, style, or relationship to context.

An avant-garde work pushes the known boundaries of acceptable art sometimes with revolutionary, cultural, or political implications.
he area of the picture space nearest to the viewer, immediately behind the picture plane
the area in a picture or painting that is between the foreground and the middle ground
the part of an image represented as being at maximum distance from the frontal plane.
the name of a color such as primary, secondary, and complimentary colors
the degree of lightness or darkness of a color
is a quality of color. It has to do with whether or not a color is warm or cold, bright or dull, light or dim and pure
complimentary colors.
pairs of colors such as red and green that embrace the entire spectrum together. the complement of one of the three primary colors is a mixture of the other two. When side by side they can make each other appear brighter.
Define Haussmannization.
-term used to describe the rebuilding by Haussman in which he had the authority to completely destroy sections of Paris and rebuild them
-sections were rebuilt with the notion of order and space in mind
Define bourgeois.
-the middle class known for their free time and participation in leisurely activities
-went to theatres, boating, and wandered around the streets to see and be seen
Define post-impressionism.
-movement were artists were aware of the impressionists and liked what they were doing but expanded on it because something was missing
-used to describe French art after Manet
-extended Impressionism while rejecting its limitations: they continued using vivid colours, thick application of paint, distinctive brush strokes, and real-life subject matter, but they were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary colour.
Define Expressionism.
the use of distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect