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61 Cards in this Set

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Bauhaus

School that taught form follows function. Based on new unity b/n art and technology. Shared values with Russian Avante-Garde Today is School of Design in Chicago.

Dry Plate Process

Use of silver bromide and layer of gelatin. With much of the complex chemistry work centralized into a factory, the new process simplified the work of photographers, allowing them to expand their business.

Photogram

"Kinetic light performances" - produced in a dark room without a camera, objects were put on photo sensitive paper and light expressions were created.

Fotoescultura

Enlarged and hand colored photograph applied to a wooden bust or frame. B/n 2 sheets of beveled glass.

Jijora

"Neither totally abstract nor totally realistic." Should represent the individual but also ideal Yoruba characteristics. Extreme stylization of pose and expression.

Dziga Vertov

Russian Avant-Garde photographer. Idea of disrupting normal vision and enhance understanding of the familiar. Filmed "Man with a Movie Camera"

George Eastmand

Invented Kodak.

W.E.B. Du Bois

Took "new negro" portraits in France. Resisted scientific portrait conventions to impose a new way of seeing african americans.

Odo

"In the prime of life." Strength in pose, expression, wisdom & maturity.

Ibeji

Twins, the sacred children.

Group F-64

Group of 7 San-Fran based photogs. Opposed Pictorialists, shared a style of sharp focus and carefully framed images. Used large format cameras and zone system.

Photostory

Series of images and text that create one central narrative. Easily identifiable place, time, action, and character.

Halftone process

Text tones are represented by numerous small dots. Presents the illusion of the original tones in the photo.

Soldaderas

Mexican Revolution female supporters and soldiers.

Socialist Realism

Clear narrative of a cleaned up reality. Stalin came to power in the 1930s and standard of living deteriorated; movement sought to hide it from the world.

Roy Stryker

Head of FSA photography to document the Great Depression. Had photogs get to know the story//people before taking pix.

Lewis Hine

Great Depression photog

Artist as a "seer"

Possessing insight beyond the average person.

Zone system

A method of predetermining tonal ranges through a system of measured exposure times and film development. Properly exposed negative yields same acceptable print every time.

Theory of Equivalence

Belief that colors, lines, & shapes reflect the inner and emotive "vibrations of the soul"

Dr. Thomas Bernado

Bernado's documentary images were like art photos. Created fictions to evoke a higher truth. Raised $$$ for his school for poor boys.

Tina Modotti

Post Mexican Revolution photog and film actress. Photographed body parts: standing in for the person, body, life and revolutionary history.

Rayograph

Cameraless direction production of images on photosensitive paper. Reminiscent of Dada collages w/no direct interpretation. Talbot called it "light writing".

Beat Generation

Group of American postWWII writers popular in the 50s. "Beat" culture: rejection of received standards, innovations in style, use of illegal drugs, alternative sexualities, examination of religion, rejection of materialism, explicit portrayals of human condition.

Formalism

Emphasizes composition elements such as color, line, shape, and texture rather than iconography or historical//social context.

Post-Modernism

By manipulating new technology artists were able to short cut traditional processes involved in 'making art' but still create something new. Widespread disillusionment with life & power of existing value systems of government//technology. Authority, expertise, knowledge, and eminence of achievement were discredited.

Indian Relocation 1952

Designed to entice reservation dwellers to 7 major urban cities where jobs were supposedly plentiful. Indians moved to cities and created pan-Indian political groups.

Wounded Knee Incident 1973

Approximately 200 Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, SD on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.


Albert Renger-Patzsch


German


Irons for Shoe Fabrication


1926


*Shoe irons are presented in multiples, pointing upward as clean and beautiful. Industrial and natural objects presented in new ways. New Objectivity: clean exactness, products of modern industrial world in everyday life, inspired by Russian Avant-Garde.

Laszlo Moholy-Nagy


Hungarian


From the Radio Tower, Berlin


1938


*Unity of art and technology. Technology as a solution for political and economic problems.

August Sander


German


Peasant Girls


1928


*Realist portraiture. "Pure" photography, unsentimental. Psychology of age.

Horace Poolaw


Kiowa


Harry A-hote


1928


*Poolaw's photographs were of Indian heroes. Attemped to preserve cultural identity as well as challenge invisibility of Native Americans throughout U.S. history.

Richard Ray Whitman


Yuchi/Creek


Walter Straight


1985


*Whitman's street chief series showed urban poverty perspective of Native American culture as opposed to Poolaw's reverence toward important figures. Revealed problems of representation (Post-Modernism).

Jolene Rickard


Tuscarora


Three Sisters 1988


*Self portrait is Rickard's representation of aspects of Indian culture. Serves to address problems of Indian representation (Post-Modernism). Use of important cultural symbols to cry out.



Unknown Photog


Postmortem daguerreotype w/hand tinted flowers


1850


*Evokes sense of touch



Unknown Photog


Framed photos with hair work


1880


*Evokes sense of touch. Women as keepers of memory-hairwork prominent art among women.

Paul Martin


France


Yarmouth Beach


1982


*Emulate casual look of snapshots. Equated informality of candid photography with photographic truth.

El Lissitsky


Russian


The Constructor self-portrait


1924


*Example of Russian Avant-Garde. Reflects through union of compass and hand // human and technology.



Alexander Rodchenko


Russian


At the Telephone


1928


*Angle is from above instead of head on because at this time the interest was showing different camera angles to usher a new way of seeing. Proletariat workers as hero subjects.



Victor Casasola


Mexican


Zapatista


1914


*Peasant Revolution occurring in Mexico during this time. Position of photo = holding a gun as his tool instead of his farmers tools // looking out the window to show peasants are looking out and fighting for a better future.



Alfred Stieglitz


Euro-American


Equivalent


1925


*Display of Theory of Equivalence. Represent emotion and spirituality through symbolic expression.



Ansel Adams


Euro-Americans


Moonrise over Hernandez, NM


1941


*Part of F-64 Group. Zone system



Andy Warhol


Euro American


Marilyn


1964


*Popular postmodernism type of art. Appealed to mass produced images in the 50s/60s. Celebrated mass consumerism and critiqued it, cult of celebrities, imagery that wasn't a result of direct optical or chemical processes.



Ann Noggle


Euro American


Face Life #3


1975


*Realist feminist photographic production, based on the premise that that camera can express authentic social and psychological truths. Woman got a facelift & it shows physical and emotional influences the society put on her.



Lorna Simpson


African American


Five Day Forecast


1991


*Expression of female and racial identity and how they are culturally produced. Not being able to stereo type, descriptive wording.



Man Ray


Euro American


Return to Reason


1923


*Female body and the irrational/emotional. Leading male mind into dreams and madness.



Hans Bellmer


German


The Doll


1936


*Use of female body fragments. Drew from childhood experiences that destroy what we're familiar with.



Man Ray


Euro American


Noire et Blanche


1926


*Women as objects. Positive and negative side by side. Racial.



Hoboken


New Jersey


Parade


1955


*Asymmetric lines and form. Contrast of flag lines and brick lines. Flag as icon. Beat Generation.



Lee Friedlander


Newark


New Jersey


1962


*Patriotism in time of consumerism. Beat Generation:misnomers, consumerism, icons.



Diane Arbus


Boy with Straw Hate and Flag, NYC


1967


*Promoting war, pro-was tendencies, Beat Generation, focus on misfits, boy trying to fit in using war-irony.



Anthoney Aziz


US


Chris


1994


*Senses stripped away. Pessimistic view on future photography//loss of individuality.



Pedro Meyer


Mexican


The Temptation of the Angel


1991


*New manipulation of photos, digital blurring, fabricate new realities, etc. what is really real?



Rosalie Favel


Metis


I Awoke to Find My Spirit Had Returned


1999


*Lesbo, digitial age being liminal (in-b/n space, empowering, identities and cultural productions mingle). Investigation of identity.

Erich Salomon


German


French Statesmen Visit Berlin for the First Time Since World WarI


1931





Rober Capa


Hungarian


Moment of Death, Spain


1936


*Shock factor brought into both art and photography that had been slowly developing over the decades.



Weegee


Euro American


Drink Coca Cola


1940


*Ugly truth of crime and city life. Commentary comparing the reality of society to the obsessive commercialization and propaganda evolving in that time period.



Ila-Orangun Studio


Yoruba


Portraits of Men


1975



Unknown photog


Portraits of Types of American Negroes


1900



James Van Der Zee


African American


Man & Woman in Raccoon Coats


1932