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37 Cards in this Set

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Temple of Quetzalcoatl

Temple of Quetzalcoatl

Mesoamerica, 3rd century AD

Dualism

Cultural contributions tend to have two natures

Similarities to Old World

-agricultural & animal domestication


-organized social and religious rituals


-class development


-art

Differences to Old World

-only pack animals


-technology underdeveloped


-mostly illiterate


-geographic areas had little contact with each other

El Castillo



El Castillo

Mesoamerica c. 800-900 AD

ElCaracol

ElCaracol

Mesoamerica c. 800-900 AD

Chavín de Huántar
Ceremonial center in northern Highlands of Peru, home of Chavin culture, contains a temple complex.
RaimindiStele
RaimindiStele
South America, 800-200 BC
Gatewayof the Sun
Gatewayof the Sun

South America, c. 375-700 AD


SerpantMound
SerpantMound

North America, c. 1070 AD


Codex
abound volume resembling a modern book, in contrast to earlier books in the formof scrolls
Teotihuacan
Mexicancity that was destroyed in the eighth century. Was the sixth world’s largestcity. The Aztecs consider it the “place of the gods” and made pilgrimages to iteven after abandonment.
Borgia Codex
Borgia Codex
Mesoamerica,c. 1400-1500 AD
Coyolxauhqui
Coyolxauhqui

Mesoamerica, c. 1469 AD


Coatlicue
Coatlicue
Mesoamerica,c. 1487-1520 AD
LedgerPaintings

drawings done by plains native Americans done on ledger books given by the people moving them onto reservations

EagleTransformation Mask
EagleTransformation Mask
North America 19th century AD
HonoringSong at the Painted Tipi
HonoringSong at the Painted Tipi

North America, 1880 AD


Katsina
figurines; benevolent supernatural spirits personifying ancestors and natural elements living in mountains and water sources. Humans join their world after death.
“MotherCulture”
Olmecculture; many distinctive Mesoamerican religious, social, and artistic traditions can be traced to
Pre-Columbian
Termused to collectively describe American history before AD 1492
Pre-Contact

Term used todescribe American cultures before they came into personal contact with Europeans


Nok Head
Nok Head
Nigeria, c. 500 BC-200 AD
Lyndenburg Head
Lyndenburg Head
South Africa, c. 500 AD
Scarification
Decorative markings on the human body made by cuttingor piercing the flesh to create scars.
Primitivism

an art movement borrowing visual ideals from “prehistoric peoples”

Africa Presents Scholars with these problems

-New arthistorical field


-functional art


-nonarrative or historical context

Head of a King
Head of a King
Nigeria, 12th-13th centuries AD
Great Mosque at Djenne
Great Mosque at Djenne

Mali, 13th century AD

Beta Giorghis
Beta Giorghis
Ethiopia, c. 1220 AD
Ile-Ife
Yoruba civilization; the place where the gods Oduduwa and Obatala created the earth and its peoples.
Great Enclosure of the Great Zimbabwe
Great Enclosure of the Great Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, 14th centuryAD


Monoliths
sculptures carved from a single block of stone
Monolith
Monolith
Zimbabwe 15th century AD
WaistPendant of the Queen Mother
WaistPendant of the Queen Mother

Nigeria, c. 1520 AD


Megalith
A large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures.
Homage to Steve Biko
Homage to Steve Biko

Willie Bester, South Africa, 1992 AD